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系統識別號 U0026-3108201711494900
論文名稱(中文) 是什麼激勵我們走更多?自我目標設定、說服訊息、與金錢獎勵策略對促進身體活動之影響
論文名稱(英文) What motivate us to walk more? The influence of self-goal setting, motivational message and monetary reward on promoting physical activity
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業設計學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Design
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 顏世葦
研究生(英文) Shih-Wei Yen
學號 P36031171
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 102頁
口試委員 指導教授-曾元琦
口試委員-林維真
口試委員-蔡群立
口試委員-陳俊智
中文關鍵字 健康行為改變  說服訊息  金錢獎勵  自我目標設定  自我決定理論  身體活動  中文版運動調節量表  行為改變維持 
英文關鍵字 Health Behavior Change  Motivational Message  Monetary Reward  Self-Setting Goal  Self-Determination Theory  Physical Activity  BREQ-2  Behavior Adherence 
學科別分類
中文摘要 說服訊息與金錢獎勵被認為是有效的身體活動量促進策略,它們常被用於不同的身體活動量提升計畫或是市售的運動促進產品中,不過,此兩種策略與自我目標設定方法結合後會如何影響人們的身體活動量尚不清楚。因此,本研究探索此兩種策略逐一與自我目標設定方法整合後,將如何影響低活動量上班族群的身體活動行為。我們發現,在已有自我目標設定方法的行為促進計畫中,先加入說服訊息策略、再加上金錢獎勵策略的整合方法(我們稱為G-M-R策略)可以逐漸提高人們的身體活動量,並且增加人們執行身體活動行為的自我效能與勝任感,使他們願意追求更高的身體活動行為目標。此G-M-R策略對於身體行為目標的認同感也有正面影響,使人們展現更佳的目標達成率。此外,說服訊息開始介入後顯著提高行為的認同調節,強化身體活動行為的自主動機。另一方面,若在已有自我目標設定方法的情形中,先整合金錢獎勵策略、再加上說服訊息策略的方法(我們稱為G-R-M策略)也可以逐漸提高人們的身體活動量、以及行為的自我效能與勝任感,促使他們追求更好的行為目標,但是此策略對於目標的認同感、以及行為的認同調節沒有影響。總體而言,說服訊息與金錢獎勵與自我目標設定方法整合後,展現良好的行為促進效果;但是若兩策略加入順序不同,對行為目標的認同感與行為的認同調節會有不同的影響。
英文摘要 Both motivational message and monetary reward are effective strategies for promoting people’s physical activity behavior. They are often used in different physical activity promotion programs or commercially available health promotion products. However, little is known how these two strategies combined with self-setting goal method can influence people’s physical activity behavior. To fill this gap, this study explores how these two strategies combined with self-setting goal one by one influence low active office workers’ physical activity behavior. The results show that when low active office workers were firstly intervened by self-setting goal method only, then intervened by self-setting goal plus motivational message strategy, and finally intervened by self-setting goal plus motivational message and monetary reward (called G-M-R method) increased their physical activity gradually. They also showed greater self-efficacy and competence in the end of the intervention and were willing to pursuit higher physical activity goals. G-M-R method also helped people enhance their goal commitments, which led to greater goal achievements. Moreover, this method can improve identified regulation of exercise behavior, which is positively related to behavior adherence. Low active office workers who were firstly intervened by self-setting goal method, then intervened by self-setting goal plus monetary reward strategy, and finally intervened by self-setting goal plus motivational messages and monetary rewards (called G-R-M method) also increased their physical activity gradually. This G-R-M method is also helpful for people’s self-efficacy and competence, and makes them be willing to pursue higher goals. However, this method does not affect goal commitment and identified regulation of exercise behavior. Overall, self-goal setting method combined with motivational messages and monetary rewards can successfully promote people’s physical activity. The order of combing motivational messages or monetary rewards will change the effectiveness of increasing goal commitment and identified regulation of exercise behavior.
論文目次 摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS v
LIST OF TABLES xi
LIST OF FIGURES xii
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background, Motivations, and Purpose 1
1.2 Research Limitations 4
1.3 Research Framework 4
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 6
2.1 The Current Physical Activity Status of Taiwanese Office Workers 6
2.1.1 The Reasons of Being Inactive 6
2.1.2 The Risks of Being Physical Inactive 7
2.2 Goal-Setting Method for Better Physical Activity 7
2.2.1 The Relationship between Goal Content and Performance 7
2.2.2 The Decision Making Process of Goal Setting 8
2.2.3 Factors that Influence Goal Commitment 9
2.3 Use Motivational Messages for Greater Physical Activity 10
2.3.1 Messages Dissemination Methods 10
2.3.2 The Motivational Effect of Message Framing 11
2.3.3 The Influence of Message Content on Behavior Promotion 13
2.4 Use Monetary Reward for Greater Physical Activity 14
2.4.1 The Importance of Using Monetary Reward for Behavior Change 14
2.4.2 The Worries of Using Monetary Reward as Behavior Intervention 15
2.5 Prediction for Physical Activity Adherence 16
2.5.1 The Relationship Between Different Motivation Types and Future Health Behaviors 16
2.5.2 Assessment of Motivation toward Physical Activity and Exercise 19
CHAPTER 3 EXPERIMENT 1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 21
3.1 Participant 21
3.2 Intervention 23
3.2.1 Pedometer TANITA PD-641 23
3.2.2 Android Smartphone 24
3.2.3 Mobile Applications: Pedometer 25
3.2.3.1 Pedometer G 25
3.2.3.2 Pedometer M 28
3.2.3.3 Pedometer P 32
3.3 Study Design 35
3.4 Follow-up Measure 35
3.5 Procedure 36
3.6 Hypothesis 39
CHAPTER 4 EXPERIMENT 1 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 40
4.1 The Influence of Self-Setting Goal Combined with Motivational Message and Monetary Reward on Physical Activity 40
4.1.1 Method for Analyzing Walking Steps, Self-Setting Goals, and Goal Achievement Rate 40
4.1.2 Baseline of Walking Step Count 44
4.1.3 The Changes of Walking Step Count 44
4.1.4 The Changes of Self-Setting Goal and Goal Achievement Rate 47
4.1.5 Summary 50
4.2 The Influence of Self-Setting Goal Combined with Motivational Message and Monetary Reward on Exercise Regulation 51
4.2.1 Analysis Method 51
4.2.2 Examine the Scores of BREQ-2 51
4.2.3 Results and Discussion 51
4.2.4 Physical Activity Adherence 53
CHAPTER 5 EXPERIMENT 2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 55
5.1 Participant 55
5.2 Intervention 57
5.2.1 Pedometer TANITA PD-641 57
5.2.2 Android Smart Phone 57
5.2.3 Mobile Applications: Pedometer 57
5.2.3.1 Pedometer G 58
5.2.3.2 Pedometer R 58
5.2.3.3 Pedometer P 62
5.3 Study Design 62
5.4 Follow-up Measure 63
5.5 Procedure 63
5.6 Hypothesis 66
CHAPTER 6 EXPERIMENT 2 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 67
6.1 The Influence of Self-Setting Goal Combined with Monetary Reward and Motivational Message on Physical Activity 67
6.1.1 Method for Analyzing Walking Steps, Self-Setting Goals, and Goal Achievement Rate 67
6.1.2 Baseline of Walking Step Counts 68
6.1.3 The Changes of Walking Step Counts 69
6.1.4 The Changes of Self-Setting Goal and Goal Achievement Rate 71
6.1.5 Summary 73
6.2 The Influence of Self-Setting Goal Combined with Monetary Reward and Motivational Message on Exercise Regulation 73
6.2.1 Analysis Method 73
6.2.2 Examine the Scores of BREQ-2 74
6.2.3 Results and Discussion 74
6.2.4 Physical Activity Adherence 76
CHAPTER 7 GENERAL DISCUSSION 77
7.1 The Influence of Rule of Earning Reward on Self-setting Goal Behavior 77
7.2 How Motivational Message, Monetary Reward and Self-Setting Goal Method Promote Physical Activity 79
7.3 The Influence of Sequence of Motivational Message and Monetary Reward on Exercise Regulation 81
CHAPTER 8 CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS 82
8.1 Conclusion 82
8.2 Design Inspiration 82
8.3 Future Work and Suggestions 83
REFERENCES 85
Appendix A Participant Screening Questionnaire 96
Appendix B 31 Motivational Messages Used in Pedometer M/P 98
Appendix B 31 Motivational Messages Used in Pedometer M/P (continue) 99
Appendix B 20 Action Tips Used in Pedometer M/P 100
Appendix C Chinese BREQ-2 101
Appendix D Participant Recruit Advertisement 102
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