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系統識別號 U0026-3108201514595900
論文名稱(中文) 中文字部首與偏旁之透明度對複合字辨識之影響
論文名稱(英文) The effects of semantic transparency of semantic and phonetic components on recognizing Chinese compound characters
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 心理學系認知科學碩士班
系所名稱(英) MS in Cognitive Science
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 張簡郁宸
研究生(英文) Yu-Chen Chang Chien
學號 U76011043
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 71頁
口試委員 指導教授-胡中凡
召集委員-楊立行
口試委員-陳紹慶
中文關鍵字 語意透明度  中文複合字  單字辨識  部首  偏旁 
英文關鍵字 semantic transparency  Chinese compound character  character recognition  semantic component  phonetic component 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究以語意透明度(Schreuder & Baayen, 1995)為主軸,參考過去針對中文複合字的語意透明度相關研究(Feldman & Siok, 1999; Shu, et. al., 2003; Chen & Weekes, 2004;陳學志等人,2011)與中文字鄰群的概念,提出平均語意透明度作為一新變項,並以假字作為實驗材料,在不同設計的行為實驗嘗試檢驗此變項是否存在影響,及其效果模式。本研究先是在研究一中確認了部首與偏旁平均語意透明度皆會對受試者判斷陌生文字是否為真的反應產生影響,並且部首平均語意透明會在偏旁帶有低平均語意透明度的情況下產生正向效果,使假字刺激材料容易被誤認為是真字;而當部首帶有高平均語意透明度的情況下,偏旁平均語意透明度則產生負向效果,越低的偏旁平均語意透明度越容易使假字刺激材料被誤認為是真字。在研究一發現了平均語意透明度的效果後,研究二則指派假字字義讓受試者學習,並測試其語意再認的表現是否受到平均語意透明度影響;由於指派語意後假字已如同真字具有單一語意透明度,故研究二得以檢驗是否即便存在單一語意透明度,平均語意透明度依然對個體文字辨識歷程產生影響。結果發現,不論是平均語意透明度或指派語意透明度皆會對個體的語意再認正確率產生影響,其中除了部首平均語意透明度為負向效果外,其餘皆為正向效果,並且部首指派透明度在高偏旁指派透明度的狀況下才會產生正向效果,反之亦然。綜觀本研究結果與過去研究有許多相符或可相互解釋之處,亦演示了平均語意透明度在不同情境下可以有不同效果,有時甚是替代單一語意透明度的角色。除了平均語意透明度效果外,研究也發現以往忽略的偏旁語意透明度同樣影響中文複合字辨識歷程。
英文摘要 The present study proposed the averaged semantic transparency as a brand new variable affecting the recognition of Chinese compound characters, and examined its effects with pseudo-characters in lexical decision task (study 1) and meaning recognition task (study 2). In Study 1, the high averaged semantic transparency of semantic component led participants to misrecognize a pseudo-character as a real character easier than the low one for the low transparency of phonetic components was presented. In Study 2, all kinds of these transparencies had positive effect on the accuracy of meaning recognition task compared to the negative effect of averaged transparency of semantic component. Moreover, the positive effect of the single transparency of semantic component on recognization accuracy while the single transparency value of phonetic component was high, and vice versa. The results were consistent with previous findings, and demonstrated the different effects of averaged transparency under different circumstances. Furthermore, it demonstrated that transparencies of phonetic components also affect the recognition of Chinese compound characters.
論文目次 第壹章、緒論 1
第一節、引言 1
第二節、語意透明度定義 2
第三節、中文單字辨識中的次字彙歷程 8
第四節、中文字的不獨立性 11
第五節、研究目的與假設 13
第貳章、研究一:平均語意透明度對假字辨識影響之實驗 16
第一節、研究方法 16
第二節、實驗結果 23
第三節、討論與小結 27
第参章、研究二:語意透明度對生字語意再認影響之實驗 30
第一節、研究方法 30
第二節、實驗結果 33
第三節、討論與小結 49
第肆章、綜合討論 52
第一節、研究一之發現 52
第二節、研究二之發現 53
第三節、結論 54
第四節、研究限制與未來研究方向 57
參考文獻 59
附錄一、本研究所使用之假字總表 65
附錄二、語意透明度評分之指導語及範例 66
附錄三、研究一所選用部件及相關數值表 67
附錄四、實驗指導語 68
附錄五、研究二假字語意指派詳表 70
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