進階搜尋


   電子論文尚未授權公開,紙本請查館藏目錄
(※如查詢不到或館藏狀況顯示「閉架不公開」,表示該本論文不在書庫,無法取用。)
系統識別號 U0026-3107201818074900
論文名稱(中文) 航空替代燃油之製程開發研究
論文名稱(英文) The Study of Process Development for Renewable Aviation Fuel
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 航空太空工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Aeronautics & Astronautics
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 陳昱凱
研究生(英文) YU-KAI CHEN
學號 P46054448
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 43頁
口試委員 指導教授-王偉成
口試委員-潘大知
口試委員-謝忠宏
口試委員-曾裕峰
中文關鍵字 航空燃油  加氫脫氧  加氫異構化  加氫裂化  快速熱裂解  鎳系催化劑 
英文關鍵字 aviation fuel  hydro-deoxygenation  hydro-isomerization  hydro-cracking  fast pyrolysis  nickel-base catalyst 
學科別分類
中文摘要 隨著全球環境衝擊對人類的影響,全球正在開發新的燃料來完全取代石化燃料。歐美國家正計劃於2020年實施航空運輸碳排放規範,因此開發符合此規範的航空燃料成為各國家的發展重點。目前加氫處理生質物生產航空燃料為主要的研究方向,而所產出的航空燃料稱為HRJ,此生質物可以是液態油脂或者固態生質物。在HRJ製程中液態油脂首先經過加氫脫氧生成烷烴類產物,接著經由加氫裂化與異構化將脫氧完成的烷烴類產物轉化成符合航空燃料規範的燃料。此外,固態生質物需要先經過快速熱裂解轉換成液態生質油後再進過與上面同樣的製程。本研究主要對液態與固態生質物生產HRJ進行探討。選取棕梠油代表生物質液態油脂,而使用NiMo-S/Al2O3對棕梠油進行加氫脫氧獲得烷烴類產物。選取芒草桿做為固態生質物代表,芒草桿先經過快速熱裂解產出生質油,再使用Pd/AC催化劑對生質油進行加氫脫氧產出烷烴類產物。這些烷烴類產物使用鎳系催化劑對其進行加氫裂化與異構化並探討在各種不同參數下所得到之HRJ的組成。
英文摘要 Along with the impact of global environmental problem on humans, the world is developing a new fuels to completely replace the fossil fuels. Europe and United States plan to implement a carbon emission regulations for air transport by 2020, therefore developing an aviation fuels that meet the regulations has become the researching focus in each country. Currently, the trend of research for producing aviation fuels was hydro-processing of biomass and the production was called hydro-processed renewable jet (HRJ), the biomass can be liquid or solid. In the process of HRJ, the liquid biomass was converted to alkane through hydro-deoxygenation, then a product which meets the specification of aviation fuel was obtained by hydro-isomerization and hydro-cracking. In addition, the solid biomass needs to be pretreated through fast pyrolysis and obtaining the pyrolytic oil (bio-oil). The bio-oil was converted to HRJ by a method as mentioned above. In this study, producing HRJ from the liquid and solid biomass were mainly discussed. Choosing palm oil to represent the liquid biomass and using NiMo-S/Al2O3 as catalyst in hydro-deoxygenation to obtain the alkanes. The Miscanthus was selected to represent the solid biomass, the Miscanthus was converted to bio-oil through fast pyrolysis and obtaining the alkanes through hydro-deoxygenation with Pd/AC catalyst. Then the alkanes were hydro-isomerized and cracked by nickel-base catalyst and studying the various compositions of HRJ with different reaction conditions.
論文目次 Abstract II
中文摘要 III
Acknowledgement IV
Content V
List of Tables VII
List of Figures VIII
Abbreviation X

Chapter I 1
Introduction 1

Chapter II 4
Experiments 4
2.1 Materials 4
2.1.1 The feedstock from liquid biomass 4
2.1.2 The feedstock from solid biomass 4
2.1.3 The hydrogenation 5
2.2 Experimental setup 5
2.3 Experimental procedure 9
2.4 Catalyst Characterization 11
2.5 Product analysis 11

Chapter III 13
Results and Discussion 13
3.1. Catalyst characterization 13

3.2 Glyceride-based oil 15

3.2.1 Distribution of carbon number and isomer to normal alkane ratio (I-to-N) at various parameter 15

3.2.1 (a) Effect of temperature on the distribution of carbon number and the I-to-N ratio 15

3.2.1 (b) Various carbon number with different pressure. 17

3.2.1 (c) Distribution of carbon number at various LHSV. 20

3.2.2 The content of aromatics at various parameter 22

3.2.3 The spectrum of gas chromatography and physical property of the product 24

3.3 Bio-oil 27
3.3.1 Gas chromatography spectrum of crude bio-oil, HDO-bio-oil, and upgrade-bio-oil. 27

3.3.1 (a) Crude bio-oil 27
3.3.1 (b) Hydro-deoxygenation of crude bio-oil. 29
3.3.1 (c) Hydro-isomerization and cracking HDO-bio-oil. 32

3.3.2 Components of gas products after hydro-isomerization and cracking HDO-bio-oil. 34

3.3.3 Components of liquid product after hydro-isomerization and cracking HDO-bio-oil. 36

Chapter IV 38
Conclusions 38
References 40


參考文獻 1. Li, J., et al., Jet fuel synthesis via Fischer–Tropsch synthesis with varied 1-olefins as additives using Co/ZrO2–SiO2 bimodal catalyst. Fuel, 2016. 171: p. 159-166.
2. Hanaoka, T., et al., Jet fuel synthesis in hydrocracking of Fischer–Tropsch product over Pt-loaded zeolite catalysts prepared using microemulsions. Fuel Processing Technology, 2015. 129: p. 139-146.
3. Hanaoka, T., et al., Jet fuel synthesis from Fischer–Tropsch product under mild hydrocracking conditions using Pt-loaded catalysts. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2015. 263: p. 178-185.
4. He, M., et al., From medium chain fatty alcohol to jet fuel: Rational integration of selective dehydration and hydro-processing. Applied Catalysis A: General, 2018. 550: p. 160-167.
5. Nie, G., et al., One-pot production of branched decalins as high-density jet fuel from monocyclic alkanes and alcohols. Chemical Engineering Science, 2018. 180: p. 64-69.
6. Brooks, K.P., et al., Chapter 6 - Low-Carbon Aviation Fuel Through the Alcohol to Jet Pathway, in Biofuels for Aviation, C.J. Chuck, Editor. 2016, Academic Press. p. 109-150.
7. Songchai Wiriyaumpaiwong*, J.J., Distillation of pyrolysis oil obtained from fast pyrolysis of plastic wastes. energy procedia, 2017: p. 111-115.
8. Martínez, J.D., et al., Waste tyre pyrolysis – A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2013. 23: p. 179-213.
9. Perkins, G., T. Bhaskar, and M. Konarova, Process development status of fast pyrolysis technologies for the manufacture of renewable transport fuels from biomass. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2018. 90: p. 292-315.
10. Collard, F.-X. and J. Blin, A review on pyrolysis of biomass constituents: Mechanisms and composition of the products obtained from the conversion of cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014. 38: p. 594-608.
11. Ahmadi, S., et al., Upgrading of fast pyrolysis oil via catalytic hydrodeoxygenation: Effects of type of solvents. Renewable Energy, 2017. 114: p. 376-382.
12. Zhang, S., et al., Upgrading of liquid fuel from the pyrolysis of biomass. Bioresour Technol, 2005. 96(5): p. 545-50.
13. Liu, C., et al., Catalytic fast pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass. Chem Soc Rev, 2014. 43(22): p. 7594-623.
14. Patel, M. and A. Kumar, Production of renewable diesel through the hydroprocessing of lignocellulosic biomass-derived bio-oil: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2016. 58: p. 1293-1307.
15. Wang, W.-C. and L. Tao, Bio-jet fuel conversion technologies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2016. 53: p. 801-822.
16. Sapunov, V.N., et al., Stearic acid hydrodeoxygenation over Pd nanoparticles embedded in mesoporous hypercrosslinked polystyrene. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 2017. 46: p. 426-435.
17. Hachemi, I., et al., Sulfur-free Ni catalyst for production of green diesel by hydrodeoxygenation. Journal of Catalysis, 2017. 347: p. 205-221.
18. Toba, M., et al., Hydrodeoxygenation of waste vegetable oil over sulfide catalysts. Catalysis Today, 2011. 164(1): p. 533-537.
19. Coumans, A.E. and E.J.M. Hensen, A model compound (methyl oleate, oleic acid, triolein) study of triglycerides hydrodeoxygenation over alumina-supported NiMo sulfide. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2017. 201: p. 290-301.
20. Zharova, P.A., et al., Pt–Sn/Al 2 O 3 catalyst for the selective hydrodeoxygenation of esters. Mendeleev Communications, 2018. 28(1): p. 91-92.
21. Ameen, M., et al., Catalytic hydrodeoxygenation of triglycerides: An approach to clean diesel fuel production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2017. 80: p. 1072-1088.
22. Wang, M., et al., The Ni-Mo/γ-Al 2 O 3 catalyzed hydrodeoxygenation of FAME to aviation fuel. Catalysis Communications, 2017. 100: p. 237-241.
23. Jing, Z.-y., et al., Influence of Cu and Mo components of γ-Al 2 O 3 supported nickel catalysts on hydrodeoxygenation of fatty acid methyl esters to fuel-like hydrocarbons. Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology, 2018. 46(4): p. 427-440.
24. Deldari, H., Suitable catalysts for hydroisomerization of long-chain normal paraffins. Applied Catalysis A: General, 2005. 293: p. 1-10.
25. Song, X., et al., The effect of palladium loading on the catalytic performance of Pd/SAPO-11 for n -decane hydroisomerization. Molecular Catalysis, 2017. 433: p. 84-90.
26. Martens, J.A., et al., Hydroisomerization and hydrocracking of linear and multibranched long model alkanes on hierarchical Pt/ZSM-22 zeolite. Catalysis Today, 2013. 218-219: p. 135-142.
27. Yang, Z., et al., Hydroisomerization of n -octane over bimetallic Ni-Cu/SAPO-11 catalysts. Applied Catalysis A: General, 2017. 543: p. 274-282.
28. Jaroszewska, K., et al., Effect of support composition on the activity of Pt and PtMo catalysts in the conversion of n-hexadecane. Catalysis Today, 2014. 223: p. 76-86.
29. Liu, S., et al., Bio-aviation fuel production from hydroprocessing castor oil promoted by the nickel-based bifunctional catalysts. Bioresour Technol, 2015. 183: p. 93-100.
30. Anand, M., et al., Optimizing renewable oil hydrocracking conditions for aviation bio-kerosene production. Fuel Processing Technology, 2016. 151: p. 50-58.
31. Wei-Cheng, W. and L. An-Cheng, Thermo-chemical Processing of Miscanthus through the Fluidized Bed Fast Pyrolysis: a Parametric Study. Chemical Engineering & Technology. 0(ja).
32. Afshar Taromi, A. and S. Kaliaguine, Green diesel production via continuous hydrotreatment of triglycerides over mesostructured γ-alumina supported NiMo/CoMo catalysts. Fuel Processing Technology, 2018. 171: p. 20-30.
33. Liu, Q., et al., Hydrodeoxygenation of palm oil to hydrocarbon fuels over Ni/SAPO-11 catalysts. Chinese Journal of Catalysis, 2014. 35(5): p. 748-756.
34. Kuei-Jung Chao , Chien-Chung Lin , Chia-Hung Lin , Hung-Chung Wu, and S.-H.C. Chiao-Wei Tseng, 35. Al-Kandari, H., F. Al-Kharafi, and A. Katrib, Hydroisomerization of n-octane on molybdenum based catalyst. Applied Catalysis A: General, 2010. 383(1-2): p. 141-148.
36. Corporan, E., et al., Chemical, Thermal Stability, Seal Swell, and Emissions Studies of Alternative Jet Fuels. Energy & Fuels, 2011. 25(3): p. 955-966.
37. Shin, J., et al., Design of selective hydrocracking catalysts for BTX production from diesel-boiling-range polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Applied Catalysis A: General, 2017. 547: p. 12-21.
38. Li, F., et al., Catalytic cracking of triglycerides with a base catalyst and modification of pyrolytic oils for production of aviation fuels. Sustainable Energy & Fuels, 2018. 2(6): p. 1206-1215.
39. Ji, K., et al., The study of methanol aromatization on transition metal modified ZSM-5 catalyst. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2018.
40. Pourzolfaghar, H., et al., Atmospheric hydrodeoxygenation of bio-oil oxygenated model compounds: A review. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 2018. 133: p. 117-127.
41. Lai, Q., C. Zhang, and J.H. Holles, Hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol over Ni@Pd and Ni@Pt bimetallic overlayer catalysts. Applied Catalysis A: General, 2016. 528: p. 1-13.
42. Tran, C.-C., et al., Unsupported transition metal-catalyzed hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol. Catalysis Communications, 2017. 101: p. 71-76.
43. Chen, C., et al., Vapor phase hydrodeoxygenation and hydrogenation of m-cresol on silica supported Ni, Pd and Pt catalysts. Chemical Engineering Science, 2015. 135: p. 145-154.
44. Bykova, M.V., et al., Ni-based sol–gel catalysts as promising systems for crude bio-oil upgrading: Guaiacol hydrodeoxygenation study. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2012. 113-114: p. 296-307.
45. Yang, F., et al., Influence of Re addition to Ni/SiO 2 catalyst on the reaction network and deactivation during hydrodeoxygenation of m-cresol. Catalysis Today, 2018.
46. R. E. HAYES, W.J.T., AND K. E. HAYES, . Journal of catalysis, 1984: p. 312 - 326 (1985).
47. Kordulis, C., et al., Development of nickel based catalysts for the transformation of natural triglycerides and related compounds into green diesel: a critical review. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2016. 181: p. 156-196.
48. Roldugina, E.A., et al., Hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol as a model compound of bio-oil in methanol over mesoporous noble metal catalysts. Applied Catalysis A: General, 2018. 553: p. 24-35.

論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2021-08-01起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2021-08-01起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw