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系統識別號 U0026-3107201723221800
論文名稱(中文) 廣播式自動回報監視答詢器運用於海洋巡邏機之可行性探析
論文名稱(英文) Feasibility Study on ADS-B/ADS-R Transponder Utilization for Maritime Patrol Aircraft
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 航空太空工程學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Aeronautics & Astronautics (on the job class)
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 蔡彥屏
研究生(英文) Yen-Ping Tsai
學號 p47041016
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 44頁
口試委員 指導教授-林清一
口試委員-葉泳蘭
口試委員-李志清
中文關鍵字 軍事飛航  海洋巡邏機  Mode-S答詢器  廣播式自動回報監視 
英文關鍵字 Military Aviation  MPA  Mode-S Transponder  ADS-B  ADS-R 
學科別分類
中文摘要 鑒於航空運量快速成長,傳統的助導航設施、程序及規範逐漸不敷使用,ICAO對新一代(Next Gen)的航空運輸系統提出解決方案,推動全球發展以衛星定位及數位技術為基礎之通訊(Communication)、導航(Navigation)、監視(Surveillance)及飛航管理(Air Traffic Management)系統,各國同時配合研議法規,律定推展進度;雖然民航規範對軍方不具約束力,但軍航在同一個天空下飛行,應具有積極且負責任的態度,主動加改裝裝備以符合要求標準,降低與其他航空器潛在衝突。
CNS/ATM系統的關鍵在於ADS-B子系統,其能提供更有效率的航空管制,並改善飛行安全;針對這個以民航(GA)為對象所發展之技術,如欲應用於軍事飛航範疇,則需配合軍機之特殊性進行合適改善,方能獲得上述特點。本論文將從任務特性及促進飛安等觀點,評估ADS-B於海洋巡邏機(MPA)之益處與運用方式,定義出軍方版本ADS-B答詢器,以滿足MPA在各種空域操作需求,並依據此答詢器操作模式發展飛行各階段程序檢查表,以利飛行員依循,使能充分符合設計理念。
英文摘要 For significantly increasing air traffic quantity in the future, since 1983, ICAO developed the CNS/ATM for Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). It is necessary for Civil Aviation (CA) to be equipped with the Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) facilities to meet requirements, but the Military Aviation doesn’t. But since the ADS-B system is designed for Civil Aviation originally, how ADS-B can be equipped into Military Aviation shall need some alterations to fit military requirements.
This thesis evaluates the ADS-B advantages and utilization method for military, from the point of view which is related to mission accomplishment and Flight Safety improvement. To define the military version ADS-B transponder characteristics that satisfy to Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) when conducting operation inside the ADS-B required environment. And setup the appropriate procedures to operate transponder throughout the all phases of mission from “Pre-flight check” to “Return to Base (RTB).”
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
List of Tables VI
List of Figures VII
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Main Idea 1
1.3 Literature Survey 2
1.4 Thesis Outline 4
Chapter 2 Research Technology Overview 5
2.1 CNS/ATM 5
2.2 ADS-B Overview 7
2.3 ADS-B Implementation 7
2.3.1 ADS-R 7
2.3.2 FIS-B 8
2.3.3 TIS-B 8
2.3.4 ADS-B on Airport Ground Vehicles 9
2.4 ADS-B OUT Mandate Schedule 9
2.5 Remark 11
Chapter 3 MPA Mission Relating Survey 12
3.1 P-3C ORION Feature and General Characteristics 13
3.2 Missions Area 15
3.3 Regulations of Military Aircraft Operation over High SEAS 17
3.3.1 U.S. Department of Defense Rules 17
3.3.2 Civil Aviation Rules 18
3.4 Remark 20
Chapter 4 MPA Transponder 21
4.1 Reality Challenge 21
4.2 Current MPA Transponder 23
4.2.1 Comparison 23
4.2.2 US Navy Choice 26
4.3 Specific Features of Improvement 27
4.4 Remark 28
Chapter 5 Procedure of Transponder Operation 29
5.1 Pre-flight 29
5.1.1 Fill up the Flight Plan 29
5.1.2 Pre-flight Check (STANDBY MODE) 31
5.2 Pre-takeoff (NORMAL MODE) 33
5.3 In-fight 34
5.3.1 Mission under ATC (DEGRADE MODE) 36
5.3.2 Outside of ATC (TATICAL MODE) 36
5.4 Remark 38
Chapter 6 Conclusions and Future work 39
6.1 Conclusions 39
6.2 Future work 40
References 41

參考文獻 [1] International Civil Aviation Organization, “Global Air Navigation Plan for CNS/ATM Systems,” Doc 9750-AN/963, Second Edition, ICAO, 2002.
[2] EUROCONTROL, “Mode S Implementation in Europe,” General Secretariat Directorate, 1 October, 2003.
[3] NAVAIR News Release, “Navy P-3Cs certify for RNP RNAV and Mode S,” PMA-290 Public Affairs Patuxent River, MD, January 10, 2008.
[4] 工業技術研究院,《CNS/ATM 關鍵技術研究總報告》。臺北,交通部民用航空局,1999/5。
[5] 林清一,〈CNS/ATM 發展對飛航系統的影響〉,《民航季刊》,第3卷第4期,2001,頁29-41。
[6] 交通部民用航空局,《通訊、導航、監視與飛航管理(CNS/ATM)研討會論文集》。臺北,交通部民用航空局,1997~2001。
[7] 中國民用航空局飛行標準司,《廣播式自動相關監視(ADS-B)在飛行運行中的運用》。北京,中國民用航空局,2008/9。
[8] RTCA, “Minimum Aviation System Performance Standards for Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B).” RTCA Document DO-242A, RTCA Inc., Washington, 2002.
[9] ADS-B IMPLEMENTATION STATUS IN THE UNITED STATES, “ICAO ADS-B Implementation Meeting (ADS-B/IMP),” Mexico City, Mexico, 27-29 April 2015.
[10] ADS-B Out mandate schedule, available in June 2017 from website: http://www.rockwellcollins.com/ads-b
[11] United States Navy, 2009, “P-3C ORION LONG RANGE ASW AIRCRAFT,” United States Navy Fact File, available in March 2016 from website: http://www.navy.mil/navydata/fact_display.asp?cid=1100&tid=1400&ct=1.
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[13] US pacific maritime SAR region, available in June 2017 from website: https://www.navcen.uscg.gov/?pageName=gmdssArea
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[15] U.S. Department of Defense, “Use of International Airspace by U.S. Military Aircraft and for Missile and Projectile Firings,” INSTRUCTION NUMBER 4540.01, June 2, 2015.
[16] U.S. Department of Defense FLIGHT INFORMATION PUBLICATION, “GENERAL PLANNING,”NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL-INTELLIGENCE AGENCY ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, 18 DEC 2008.
[17] U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, “NextGen Implementation Plan 2013,” U.S. Dept. of Transportation, 2013.
[18] Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1207/2011; No 1028/2014, published on 22/11/2011; 26/09/2014.
[19] R.O.C. CAA, “REVISION TO AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE BROADCAST (ADS-B) OUT OPERATION WITHIN TAIPEI FIR,”AIP SUP 06/2016, 20 SEP 2016.
[20] U.S. and allied ISR planes operating over Daesh stronghold in Iraq., available in June 2017 from website: https://theaviationist.com/2016/05/27/flightradar24-exposes-the-presence-of-u-s-and-allied-spyplanes-operating-over-daesh-stronghold-in-iraq/
[21] Air Force One on Flightradar24, available in June 2017 from website: https://theaviationist.com/2011/11/24/af1-adsb/
[22] German Navy P-3 airborne, available in June 2017 from website: https://twitter.com/search?q=%23GNY4503
[23] RTCA. “Minimum Operational Performance Standards for 1090 MHz Extended Squitter Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B) and Traffic Information Services - Broadcast (TIS-B),” RTCA Document DO- 260A, RTCA Inc., Washington, 2006.
[24] G. Galati, M. Leonardi, P. Magarò, and V. Paciucci, “Wide Area Surveillance using SSR Mode S Multilateration: advantages and limitations,” 2nd European Radar Conference 2006, Paris, pp. 225-230.
[25] U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, “Introduction to TCAS II Version 7.1,” Feb 28 2011.
[26] E. Valovage, “Enhanced ADS-B Research,” IEEE A&E System Magazine, Vol22, 2007/5, pp. 35-38.
[27] Dan Shannon (Deputy Program Manager of PMA290D1), P-3/EP-3 CNS/ATM Conference, April 2007.
[28] U.S. Navy Selects ACSS NextGen ADS-B Avionics for P-3 Fleet, available in April 2017 from website: http://www.acss.com/press_releases/us-navy-selects-saferoute-ads-b-avionics-for-p-3-fleet/
[29] U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, “Regulation 14 CFR Part 91.113 (b).”
[30] NAVAL AIR SYSTEMS COMMAND, “ NATOPS FLIGHT MANUAL NAVY MODEL P‐3C AIRCRAFT,” NAVAIR 01‐75PAC‐1, 1 AUGUST 2007.
[31] My Tran - ‎Honeywell International Inc., “Midair Collision Avoidance System,” U.S. Patent No.6262679 B1, 17 July, 2001.
[32] Yajun Xu, “TCAS/ ADS-B Integrated Surveillance and Collision Avoidance System,” Atlantis Press, Proceedings of the 2nd ICCSEE 2013, Paris, France.
[33] M. Strohmeier, M. Schäfer, V. Lenders, and I. Martinovic, “Realities and Challenges of NextGen Air Traffic Management: The Case of ADS-B,” IEEE Communications Magazine • May 2014, pp. 111-118.
[34] A. Smith, R. Cassell, T. Breen, R. Hulstrom, C. Evers, “METHODS TO PROVIDE SYSTEM-WIDE ADS-B BACK-UP, VALIDATION AND SECURITY,” 25th Digital Avionics Systems Conference, October 15, 2006, pp. 3D1-1- 3D1-7.
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