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系統識別號 U0026-3008201720042600
論文名稱(中文) 肩頸表面受壓於睡眠品質之枕頭舒壓設計與評估
論文名稱(英文) Pillow Design and Evaluation of Shoulder and Neck Surface Pressure to Sleep Quality
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業設計學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Design
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 李宗曜
研究生(英文) Tsung-Yao Li
學號 P36044116
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 90頁
口試委員 指導教授-吳豐光
口試委員-洪郁修
口試委員-李傳房
中文關鍵字 受壓  睡眠姿勢  睡眠品質  枕頭設計 
英文關鍵字 compression  sleeping posture  sleep quality  pillow design 
學科別分類
中文摘要 隨著科技進步,睡眠相關的設計越來越受到重視。在影響睡眠的因素中,身體受壓為影響睡眠品質的因素之一。研究中顯示,人會因為在睡眠過程中肩頸部位受到壓力壓迫或是不良睡眠姿勢,會造成肩頸痠痛等疾病以及睡眠品質的影響。睡眠過程中頸椎不良姿勢,翻身側睡對肩膀的壓迫會讓患側產生疼痛感,而長時間的壓迫會影響中老年人睡眠品質,更嚴重還會讓肩膀疼痛加劇,讓高達八成的人有肩頸部位疼痛緊繃的症狀,所以肩頸痠痛與睡眠姿勢具有相關性。本研究目的是探討頭部肩頸部位表面受壓和睡眠姿勢變換與枕頭之間的互動關係,並舒緩頭和肩頸受壓來提升睡眠品質。
本研究透過睡眠過程中肩頸姿勢變換與表面受壓程度,姿勢變換可透過力學跟肌肉解剖學來針對頭部在睡眠期間肩頸部位主要肌肉伸張範圍跟頸椎、脊椎活動運作,建立出設計準則。進行焦點團體法以設計準則進行設計提案發想,將不同舒壓造型進行實驗後進而改善分散受壓接觸面積與受壓過程中所造成的透氣問題,後續製作出實體枕頭模型設計,並進行實驗評估。最終設計以結構式舒壓造型泡棉設計來做實驗,實驗過程中,結構式造型可以擴散受壓面積,平均受力面積的受壓,以及頸部支撐,可提高睡眠品質。舒緩大腦受壓,促進睡眠姿勢翻身增加的機制,可以促進其他部位受壓。後續結構式造型設計可以往後延伸出參數化設計進行來做客製化。
實驗結果得出結構式造型枕頭設計可舒緩受壓程度並提升睡眠品質,透過不同結構式造型來舒緩肩頸受壓程度,減少整體肩頸受壓性有助於提升睡眠品質。本研究所提出創新枕頭設計有助於舒緩頭頸部表面受力、頸椎支撐,並提升睡眠品質。
英文摘要 With the advance of technology, sleep-related design has received increasing attention. Compression on the body during sleep is one of the factors that influence sleep quality. The previous studies showed that compression on the neck and shoulder during sleep or improper sleeping postures will cause neck and shoulder pain and influence sleep quality. Improper cervical vertebral posture during sleep and compression on the shoulder caused by sleeping on the side will produce pain in the affected side, while long-time compression will influence the sleep quality of middle-aged and elderly people and even aggravate the shoulder pain in serious cases. Therefore, there are up to 80% of people suffering from neck and shoulder pain and tightness, indicating the correlation between neck/shoulder pains and sleeping postures. The study aimed to investigate the interactive relationship between surface pressure on the head, neck and shoulder and change in sleeping postures and pillows and relieve the pressure on the head, neck and shoulder to improve sleep quality.
The study established the design criteria for muscle stretching range of major muscles at the shoulder and neck and cervical vertebral and spinal movement according to the change of shoulder and neck postures and surface compression degree during sleep by means of mechanics and muscle anatomy. The focus group method was adopted to develop the design conceptual proposal based on the design criteria, different pressure-relief models were experimented to scatter the compression contact area and improve the ventilation problem during the compression, and physical pillow models were subsequently manufactured for experimental evaluation. Finally, the structural pressure-relief form foam design was used in the experiment. During the experiment, the structural form design can scatter the compression area, even out the pressure within the pressured area and support the neck to improve sleep quality. It can also relieve the pressure on the brain, promote the mechanism of increasing the frequency of turning and facilitate the compression on other parts. In the future, structural form design can extend to parametric design for customization.
The experimental results led to the conclusion that structural form pillow design can relieve the compression and improve sleep quality. The pillows of different structural forms can relieve the pressure degree on the neck and shoulder, reduce the overall pressure on these parts and help to improve sleep quality. The innovative pillow design proposed by this study will help to relieve surface pressure on the shoulder and neck, support the cervical vertebrae and improve sleep quality.
論文目次 TABLE OF CONTENTS
摘要 i
SUMMARY ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iv
LIST OF TABLES vi
LIST OF FIGURES vii
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background and Motivation 1
1.2 Purpose 3
1.3 Research scope and limitations 4
1.4 Research framework 4
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 7
2.1 Factors Leading to Head Compression During Sleep 7
2.1.1 Head surface compression distribution during sleep 7
2.1.2 The Body’s Sweat-gland Stuffiness Position 8
2.1.3 Sleeping Posture Change and Distribution Position 8
2.1.4 Cervical Vertebra Curve and Sleep Posture Change 10
2.2 Quality of the Sleep 11
2.2.1 Sleep Quality Attributes 12
2.2.2 Relationship Between the Sleep Process and Brain Waves 13
2.3 Shoulders and Neck Anatomy and Mechanics 14
2.3.1 Shoulders and Neck Muscles and Function 14
2.3.2 Mechanical Motions of the Shoulder Joint 15
2.3.3 Overview of Shoulder and Neck Disease Impact 16
2.4 Evaluation Method 17
2.4.1 Focus Group Method 17
2.4.2 Subjective Scale 18
2.4.3 Objective Measurement 18
CHAPTER 3 METHODOLOGY 19
3.1 Research Methods 21
3.1.1 Subjects 21
3.1.2 Experimental Site Planning 21
3.2 Experimental Equipment 21
3.2.1 Data Acquisition Equipment 21
3.3 Experiment 23
3.3.1 Experimental Purposes 23
3.3.2 Pre-test 24
3.3.3 Experimental Configuration 25
3.4 Pillow proposal design 26
3.4.1 Innovative Pillow Design Concepts 26
3.4.2 Pillow Design Focus Group Process 32
CHAPTER 4 RESULT 33
4.1 Movement Changes of the Head During Sleep 33
4.1.1 Specific Condition of the Head During Sleep 33
4.1.2 Design criteria 34
4.1.3 Pillow Design Conceptual Proposals 36
4.1.4 Innovative Pillow Structural Design 37
4.1.5 Experimental Model Production 46
4.2 Design Experiment Evaluation 47
4.2.1 Analysis of pressure level 52
4.2.2 The Degree of Compression and the Impact of Sleep Quality 53
4.2.3 Impact of Shoulder and Compression 53
CHAPTER 5 DISSCUSSION 55
5.1 Pressure Degree of Pillow Design 55
5.2 Cervical Vertebral Support and Posture Changes 56
5.3 Head Shape and Weight Compression 57
CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSION 58
REFERENCE 59
Appendix A One-way Anova Multiple Comparisons Data 63
Appendix B T - Test Multiple Comparisons Data 77
Appendix C Force Sensing Resistor Arduino Coding Data 84
Appendix D Pressure Data value 87

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