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系統識別號 U0026-3008201715283300
論文名稱(中文) 鞋後負重對羽球基本步法表現之影響
論文名稱(英文) Performance of Badminton Basic Footwork with Rear-weighted Shoes
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 體育健康與休閒研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 劉璟洋
研究生(英文) Chin-Yang Liu
學號 RB6041011
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 41頁
口試委員 指導教授-邱宏達
召集委員-相子元
口試委員-鄭匡佑
口試委員-涂國誠
口試委員-蔡一如
中文關鍵字 負重鞋  重量辨識  基本步法  心跳率 
英文關鍵字 Rear-weighted shoe  Weight discrimination  Badminton basic footwork  Heart rate 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究利用分段計時器及無線心率計,記錄並從完成時間和心跳率變化,探討穿不同後負重羽球鞋(負重50g、100g、150g、200g、250g)對大專羽球運動員從事基本基本步法之影響。本研究招募 40 位不同球技水準(校、系隊)、性別的大專羽毛球運動員完成兩個實驗,實驗一是以成對比較的方式,找出參與者可以正確辨識重量差異的閾值,正確辨識的分數越高表示對重量差異的敏感度越好;實驗二是基本步法測試,透過分段計時器及無線心率計,分別記錄完成指定基本步法所需的時間及心跳率。重量辨識的結果顯示,女性(8.39±3.86分)在重量差異敏感度高於男性(5.55±2.24分)達顯著差異(p< .05),多數女性在鞋重差異100g時可以正確辨識,多數男性要超過150g以上的差異才能正確辨識。完成指定步法所需時間結果顯示,校隊顯著比系隊快(p< .05),男性顯著比女生快(p< .05),當負重超過50g,完成步法時間與未負重達顯著差異(p< .05),且負重越重完成時間越久;不同的球技水準和性別在心率的改變率表現未顯著差異(p> .05),心率的改變量在負重超過50g時,與未負重狀況達顯著差異(p< .05),且開始測試後10秒(t10)的心跳上升率即達顯著差異(p< .05)。因此,在未能感受鞋重量的差異下,本研究建議女生宜可穿著負重150g以下,而男生穿著負重200g以下的後負重鞋,進行10秒以上的步法訓練,方能達到訓練效果。

關鍵字:後負重鞋、重量辨識、基本步法、心跳率
英文摘要 In this research, segment timer and wireless heart rate monitor were used to measure the complete time and the change of heart rate. Including varsity and department team players with different genders, forty university badminton players were recruited in the experiment. Participants were asked to wear the rear-weighted shoes with 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250g added mass to finish designated tasks. There were two experiments in this study. In the first experiment, participants were asked to discriminate which testing shoes were heavier or lighter by using paired comparison method. The result showed that there was no difference between varsity players and department team players but significant difference between males and females. The correct discrimination rate of the female group was higher than the male group. The threshold of weight discrimination of males was 150g~200g and females was 100g~150g. In the second experiment, participants were asked to do designated footwork on the badminton court with a wireless heart rate monitor. Compared to non-weighted testing shoes, the result shows that participants took more time when testing shoe added over 50g (p< .05). The variation of heart rate rose significantly when testing shoe added over 50g (p< .05). Heart rate rose up apparently while participants were doing footwork over 10 seconds with rear-weighted shoes. It seemed that rear-weighted shoes bring more loading and increase the training intensity.
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Keywords: Rear-weighted shoe, Weight discrimination, Badminton basic footwork, Heart rate
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節、研究背景 1
第二節、研究目的 2
第三節、研究假設 3
第四節、名詞操作定義 3
第二章、文獻探討 4
第一節、負重鞋加重方式 4
第二節、重量辨識 5
第三節、運動表現 5
第四節、總結 6
第三章 研究方法 7
第一節 實驗參與者 7
第二節 儀器設備 7
第三節 受測鞋重心位置測量 10
第四節 實驗流程 12
第五節 資料處理與分析 14
第四章 研究結果 15
第一節 後負重鞋重心位置 15
第二節 負重鞋重量辨識 15
第三節 基本步法測試 17
第五章 討論 26
第一節 負重鞋重心位置 26
第二節 重量辨識測試 26
第三節 羽球場上基本步法測試 27
第四節 研究限制 30
第六章 結論與建議 31
參考文獻 32
附錄 35
附錄表一 參與者基本資料 35
附錄表二 不同族群參與者基本資料表 36
附錄表三 後負重受測鞋重心位置 37
附錄資料 研究參與同意書 38



表目錄
表一、不同尺寸受測鞋重量 8
表二、不同尺寸受測鞋在不同負重程度下之重心位置(百分比) 15
表三、所有參與者穿著不同受測鞋完成各階段步法所需時間(MEAN±SD) 20
表四、二因子變異數分析結果(球技水準×重量) 21
表五、二因子變異數分析結果(性別×重量) 22
表六、心跳率改變量二因子變異數分析結果(球技水準×重量) 23
表七、心跳率改變量二因子變異數分析結果(性別×重量) 23


圖目錄
圖一、加重之銅合金金屬棒 7
圖二、實驗用受測鞋 8
圖三、金屬棒加重於後足排列方式 9
圖四、統一規格之短筒運動襪 9
圖五、客製化分段計時器(左為顯示器,右為按鈕) 10
圖六、無線心率監測記錄器(POLAR, H7)、平板電腦(IPAD AIR 2) 10
圖七、利用懸吊法找出通過重心投影之直線 11
圖八、兩吊秤平衡吊掛方式,兩白線平行且水平 11
圖九、負重鞋重量辨識測試流程圖 12
圖十、實驗二場地布置 14
圖十一、不同組別重量辨識得分圖 16
圖十二、男性各配對重量辨識測試結果 17
圖十三、女性各配對重量辨識測試結果 17
圖十四、校隊完成基本步法累積時間圖 24
圖十五、系隊完成基本步法累積時間圖 24
圖十六、男性完成基本步法累積時間圖 25
圖十七、女性完成基本步法累積時間圖 25
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