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系統識別號 U0026-3008201613075600
論文名稱(中文) 身心社會機能活動教育訓練方案對社區輕度認知障礙長者之健康效益探討
論文名稱(英文) The Effects of the Bio-psycho-social Functional Activity Program for Community Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 健康照護科學研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Allied Health Sciences
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 林妍君
研究生(英文) Yen-Chun Lin
學號 TA8961039
學位類別 博士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 192頁
口試委員 指導教授-王靜枝
口試委員-陳清惠
召集委員-陳桂敏
口試委員-林桑伊
口試委員-白明奇
中文關鍵字 身心社會機能活動教育訓練方案  輕度認知障礙  失智症 
英文關鍵字 bio-psycho-social functional activity program (BPSFAP)  mild cognitive impairment (MCI)  dementia 
學科別分類
中文摘要 研究背景:輕度認知障礙是罹患失智症的危險信號,合宜的介入措施能延緩此類患者進入真正失智,其不僅對患者與家庭具多面向之健康效益,對減輕社會國家醫療成本也有貢獻。
研究目的:探討身心社會機能活動教育訓練方案對社區輕度認知障礙中老年長者之認知功能、工具性日常活動功能、老年憂鬱、社會互動及生活品質之健康效益。
研究設計:採叢聚隨機控制實驗暨長期追蹤研究法。選擇大台南地區八個社區之輕度認知障礙長者為研究參與者,並將參與之社區隨機分組為實驗組與對照組。實驗組社區研究參與者將接受六個月之身心社會機能活動教育訓練方案介入措施,為考量研究倫理,控制組社區研究參與者則在第一次施測後給予MCI之日常生活衛教單張。活動地點為社區活動中心及研究參與者家中,以小團體方式暨居家指導進行該措施之介入。措施內容融合身體、認知及社會活動。測量工具有聖路易大學心智狀態測驗、工具性日常活動量表、簡短老年憂鬱量表、社會互動量表、以及台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質量表。本研究對兩組研究參與者之三次施測時間分別為介入措施前(前測),介入措施後第六個月(後測)、及介入措施後第十二個月(追蹤後測)。統計方法以廣義估計方程式重覆測量進行分析。
研究結果:實驗組在接受身心社會機能活動教育訓練方案介入措施後,在提升整體認知功能及次範疇的立即及短期記憶及注意力均具有短期(六個月)及持續一年的效果(p=.005, p=.014 ; p=.007, p=.001 ; p=.030, p=.015);而在執行功能範疇上,後測與追蹤後測分數相較於前測均有增加,與控制組相較雖未達顯著差異,但能維持與前測相似之水準。而控制組在後測及追蹤後測相較於前測都是退步的。在增進工具性日常活動功能上亦具有短期效果;持續效果與前測相較雖亦有提升,但與控制組相較則無顯著差異(p=.051; p=.926)。而控制組在後測及追蹤後測相較於前測都是退步的。此外,在改善老年憂鬱、增加社會互動滿意度、以及提升生活品質感受上,於短期及持續效果上與控制組均無顯著差異。
結論:本研究結果顯示身心社會機能活動教育訓練方案在提升社區MCI長者整體認知功能、立即及短期記憶及注意力範疇上,具有短期及持續效果且執行功能範疇上能與前測有相似水準。另在增進工具性日常活動功能上亦具有短期效果。建議社區照護人員可將身心社會機能活動教育訓練方案推廣至社區,提供社區一新的改善認知及工具性日常活動功能之健康促進活動。此研究結果期將做為社區推動預防輕度認知障礙者進入失智症計畫之參考與提供國家醫療體系失智症防治政策制定之依據。
英文摘要 SUMMARY

Background: MCI may be an early indicator of dementia. Finding an intervention to delay the onset of dementia for clients with MCI would both benefit clients and reduce the expenses of the National Health Service. Methods: A longitudinal, cluster-randomized controlled trial design was conducted. Eight groups of participants with MCI were recruited from eight communities in Tainan and randomly assigned into the experimental or control groups. The experimental group received the BPSFAP program weekly for six months. The control group received health education about living with MCI after the baseline measurements. The instruments included the Saint Louis University Mental Status Examination (SLUMS), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (GDS-SF), Social Interaction Scale (SIS), and Taiwanese brief version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF-TAIWAN). The clients were assessed before the intervention (pre-test), six months after the intervention (post-test), and one year after the intervention (follow-up test). Statistical analysis was performed using GEE. Results: The experimental group showed a significant improvement with short-term (post-test) and continuous (follow-up test) effects on global cognitive function, immediate and short-term memory, and attention domains (SLUMS) over the control group. Furthermore, the executive function domain in the post-test and follow-up test showed sustained effects compared to the pre-test. The IADL showed a significant short-term improvement over the control group. Conclusion: The findings of this study will help to develop knowledge for preventing dementia in communities and may offer good practices for dementia prevention policies in health care systems.
論文目次 目錄
中文摘要………………………………………………………………….......I
Abstract ..………………………………………………………………......III
致謝…………………………………………………………………………XI
目錄……………………………………………………………………….XIII
表目錄…………………………………………………………………….XVI
圖目錄……………………………………………………………………XVII
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………...1
第一節 研究背景與重要性……………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的………………………………………………………7
第三節 研究假設………………………………………………………8
第二章 文獻查證…………………………………………………………9
第一節 輕度認知障礙………………………………………………….9
第二節 MCI個案之日常活動功能…………………………………...21
第三節 MCI個案之憂鬱情緒………………………………………...23
第四節 MCI個案之社會互動………………………………………...25
第五節 MCI個案之生活品質………………………………………...29
第六節 身心社會機能活動教育訓練方案.……….………………….32
第七節 名詞界定………………………………………………….......49
第三章 研究方法………………………………………………………..53
第一節 研究架構…………………………………………………......53
第二節 研究設計…………………………………………………......53
第三節 研究社區、參與者及地點..………………………………....53
第四節 研究工具……………………………………………………...55
第五節 研究過程與資料收集………………………………………...61
第六節 研究介入活動措施設計過程………………………………...66
第七節 統計分析………………………………………………….......68
第八節 研究倫理……………………………………………………...71
第四章 研究結果…………………………………………………………73
第一節 基本資料分析………………………………………………...73
第二節 認知功能、工具性日常活動功能、老年憂鬱、社會互動
及生活品質之結果分析……………………………………...80
第三節 BPSFAP介入後之成效分析…………………………………82
第五章 討論…………………………………………………………….115
第一節 研究參與者基本資料………………………………………115
第二節 BPSFAP對認知功能、工具性日常活動功能、憂鬱情緒
、社會互動及生活品質之影響…………………………….116
第三節 研究限制……………………………………………………133
第六章 結論與建議……..…………………………………………….135
第一節 結論…………………………………………………………135
第二節 實務應用與建議……………………………………………136
第三節 未來研究方向…………………………………………….....138
參考文獻…………………………………………………………..……140
附錄一 基本資料表……………………………………………………….162
附錄二 聖路易大學心智狀態測驗……………………..………………...164
附錄三 工具性日常生活活動量表….……………………………………166
附錄四 老年憂鬱量表-簡短版.………………………………………..….167
附錄五 社會互動量表………………………………..…………………...168
附錄六 台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷.………………………169
附錄七「身心社會機能活動措施」(BPSFAP)教育訓練方案…………..173
附錄八 活動頻率表……………………………………………………….186
附錄九 活動執行自我檢核表……………….……………………………187
附錄十 失智症衛教單張………………………………………………….188
附錄十一 研究倫理審查通過證明……………………………………….192



表目錄
表一 類別變項之基本資料分析 (N=141)………………………………...76
表二 連續變項之基本資料分析 (N=141)………………………………...79
表三 實驗組與控制組三次施測之平均數………………………………...81
表四 實驗組與控制組前測之獨立t檢定(independent t-test)……………..81
表五 BPSFAP對整體認知功能之介入成效分析…………………………86
表六 BPSFAP對SLUMS之立即及短期記憶介入成效分析…………….90
表七 BPSFAP對SLUMS之注意力介入成效分析……………………….94
表八 BPSFAP對SLUMS之執行功能介入成效分析…………………….98
表九 BPSFAP對工具性日常活動功能之介入成效分析………………..102
表十 BPSFAP對老年憂鬱之介入成效分析……………………………..106
表十一 BPSFAP對社會互動之介入成效分析…………………………..110
表十二 BPSFAP對生活品質之介入成效分析…………………………..114






圖目錄
圖一 研究概念架構圖……………………………………………………...53
圖二 研究流程圖…………………………………………………………...62
圖三 BPSFAP介入與施測時間全程流程圖………………………………66
圖四 二組「整體認知功能」三次測量之變化……………………………85
圖五 二組「SLUMS之立即及短期記憶」三次測量之變化………………89
圖六 二組「SLUMS之注意力」三次測量之變化…………………………93
圖七 二組「SLUMS之執行功能」三次測量之變化……………………….97
圖八 二組「工具性日常活動功能」三次測量之變化…………………….101
圖九 二組「老年憂鬱」三次測量之變化………………………………..105
圖十 二組「社會互動」三次測量之變化…………………………………109
圖十一 二組「生活品質」三次測量之變化………………………………113








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