A Comparative Study on the Ci’s tune of Su and Xin, based on the Ci of Su Shi and Xin Qi-ji, discusses from the tune of Ci, takes the form, style and meter as the classified standard, and is supplemented with the content and structure analysis to do the comparative study, to clarify in detail the complete picture of the Ci of Su and Xin, and concretely to show their difference, inherited and innovated relationships. Besides regarding Su Shi and Xin Qi-ji as indicators, this thesis presents the staged development of the Ci’s tune and the Ci in Preceding Song and Posterior Song Dynasty.
In order to know well the differences of the Ci of Su and Xin, this thesis adopts the general and separated discussion and is divided into six chapters as following:
The first chapter describes the motivation, research methods, and then the literary review is also included.
The second chapter classifies the Ci of Su and Xin by their Ci’s tune, and does the statistics and analysis of the quantity in order to provide the objective data to establish the research foundation. By analyzing “the tune-using ranking and works’ statistics table of Su and Xin”, “the various Ci’s tune statistics table of Su and Xin”, “the five grid statistics rate table of ping-ze rhyme”, and “the same tune of Ci table of Su and Xin”, etc., the thesis shows the tune-using situation of Su and Xin and the rate of different style’ works, in so doing we can know clearly that Su Shi uses short term more often; however, Xin Qi-ji begins to write with the long term.
The third and fourth chapter, based on the tune of Ci and the works discuss respectively the similarities and different performances between Su and Xin’s Ci’s tune Also by analyzing from the four aspects of sentence structures, rhyme meter, content styles, and special forms, the two chapters explore the developing processes of the Ci via the origin of Ci’s tune. Furthermore, by the comparison of form and content, to the two chapters show the changes and innovations of Ci’s tune by Su and Xin, and clearly point out the similarities and differences between the performance of Ci’s tune of Su and Xin. It presents that Xin Qi-ji inherits and learns from Su Shi both in the same Ci’s tune and the special writing performance of the Ci’s tune by Su and Xin.
The fifth chapter discusses generally on the overall performance and contribution of Ci’s tune of Su and Xin from the aspect of common Ci’s tune, short term and long term. If examining from the influence and performance of Su and Xin on the model works, rare Ci’s tune, a small amount of works, this chapter proves that the propensity to experiment of Su and Xin's writing have a specific contribution for the conservation of the Ci’s tune. And the section-separating methodicalness broken by Su and Xin greatly affects the structure of the Ci. Besides, the research on the Ci’s tune has the added value of proofreading version and chronological sequence.
The sixth chapter is the conclusion. Through the comparative study in the Ci’s tune of Su and Xin, it proves that there are many creations, changes and breakthrough on the sentences, structures, compositions and meter of Ci’s tune created by Su and Xin. The special reduplicated words, similar word, the same head and tail of the adjacent sentence, reduplicated sentence, breaking sentence, sentence variation, collar word-using and increased rhyme phenomenon have the same or inherited situations between Su and Xin, and they also have innovations and contributions respectively on the Ci. Attempting to break through the Ci s’ surface structure and to affect the conversion of the Ci’s deep structure, breakthroughs exists in many parts, such as composition, connotation, thinking and spirit. To improve literary and artistry of the Ci and to deepen its implication structures are the pioneering and influence that are brought by Su and Xin.
In summary, this study is based on the classification and statistics of Ci’s tune, and it’s objective and stable. It also adopts the separated discussion and general discussion to show the same in the difference and the difference in the same. By observing the content, style, form and meter, the study shows concretely the inheritance and innovation which Su and Xin create for Ci’s tune. Through the comparative study on the Ci’s tune of Su and Xin, this thesis therefore proves a rich and diverse appearance on the Ci of Su and Xin.