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系統識別號 U0026-3008201115521000
論文名稱(中文) 硼同位素在台灣南部高屏溪及二仁溪流域之分布特性
論文名稱(英文) Distribution of Boron Isotope in Kao-ping and Erren River Catchment, Southern Taiwan
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 地球科學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Earth Sciences
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 劉郁青
研究生(英文) Yu-Ching Liu
學號 L96984022
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 81頁
口試委員 指導教授-游鎮烽
口試委員-楊懷仁
口試委員-何恭算
中文關鍵字 硼同位素  河水化學組成  化學風化  吸脫附作用 
英文關鍵字 Boron isotope  river  chemical weathering  adsorption 
學科別分類
中文摘要 硼同位素對於水岩反應有相當高的靈敏度,是一個良好的地化示蹤計。本研究系統性採樣高屏溪流域上游至下游之不同樣品點,並測量其主/微量元素濃度以及硼同位素,評估硼在高屏溪河水中的分布以及其地球化學特性。本實驗利用多接收器感應耦合電漿質譜儀(MC-ICP-MS,NEPTUNE),配合低背景值之硼純化技術 −“微昇華”,精確測量河水中硼同位素比值。將二仁溪河水之人為污染端源的硼同位素比值應用於高屏溪,其結果顯示硼在高屏溪河水中的分布主要是受到海水,地下水,以及人為污染的影響,而2006年高屏溪具有高硼濃度以及輕硼同位素比值之樣品點有可能是來自於荖農溪上游溫泉水之貢獻。經過理論計算後,2010高屏溪河水中硼之來源主要受到矽酸鹽風化的影響,其貢獻量約在49%到97%之間,除此之外,由高屏溪挾帶之陸源硼通量佔了世界陸源硼通量的0.015%,其中硼濃度為60ppb,而硼同位素比值為11‰. 本研究另外以鐵鉻氧磁體(FeCr2O4)為吸附材探討硼同位素在吸脫附作用下之分化行為,並且進一步計算其分化係數(~0.989)。然而,在此吸附實驗中,硼之吸附特性在三種不同pH(4,8,10)下並沒有顯著的不同。除此之外,本研究也計算出高屏溪河水之硼同位素在水岩反應中會產生最大18‰的分化,顯示水岩反應對於影響高屏溪河水中硼同位素分布是不可忽視的,特別是在颱風事件前後。本研究結果說明硼同位素對於分辨河水中不同來源的訊號具有高的靈敏度,是一個良好的示蹤劑,並可廣泛應用於各種不同的自然界樣品中。
英文摘要 Boron isotope has recently been used as a powerful geochemical tracer for constraining the water-rock interaction due to its highly mobile geochemical behavior. In this study, the B isotopic compositions and major/trace element concentration of Kao-ping and Erren (highly contaminated) seasonal river waters have been measured in order to evaluate the boron (B) distribution and its geochemical behavior in river catchment. Precise B isotope compositions were measured by MC-ICP-MS (Neptune, Thermo-Fisher Scientific) using a micro-sublimation technique for B chemical purification. With the constrain of the anthropogenic end-member from the Erren River , three pre-dominating factors control the B distribution in the Kao-ping catchment are seawater, groundwater and anthropogenic input, and the high B concentration and light δ11B values appeared in 2006 KPR can be attribute to a potential impact of geothermal fluids. The silicate weathering account for a large part of dissolved boron budget in 2010 Kao-ping basin, ranging from 49% to 97%, besides, the continental boron flux in 2010 KPR contribute about 0.015% of the global continental boron flux to the ocean with the δ11B of 11‰ and B concentration of 60 ppb. This study also proposed the B sorption experiment on FeCr2O4 nanoparticle. The deduced fractionation factor is around 0.989 with a relatively small variation between different pH (4, 8, 10). In addition, the calculated Δw-rock at the Kao-ping Basin displays a maximal variation of 18‰, highlighting the significance of the water/clay interaction for boron in Kao-ping River especially after the typhoon event.
論文目次 摘要……………………...I
Abstract……………………….II
致謝………………………………………………………...III
Table of Contents….…………………………IV
List of Tables…………………………………….VIII
List of Figures………...………………..IX

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Boron isotopes……………………………………………………..1
1.2 The importance of continental weathering on marine B budget…….3
1.3 Geochemical behavior of boron…………………..…5
1.4 Boron isotopic fractionation in river catchment……………….8
1.5 The aim of this study…………………………..11

CHAPTER 2. GEOLOGICAL SETTING AND SAMPLING STATION 12
2.1 Geological background in Kao-ping River…….……………12
2.2 Sampling and hydrological setting in Kao-ping River…….14
2.3 Geological background and sampling stations in Erren River…..16

CHAPTER 3. METHODS 18
3.1 Boron purification…………………………………………………18
3.2 Previous studies of the boron isotope analysis………………..19
3.3 Instrumental analysis………………………..22
3.3.1 MC-ICP-MS……………………………..22
3.3.2 Boron isotopic analysis…………………………………...26
3.3.3 Major element analysis……………………………...28
3.3.4 Trace element analysis…………….……………...………..30

CHAPTER 4. VARIATION OF MAJOR/TRACE ELEMENTS AND ISOTOPE
COMPOSITION IN RIVER WATER 32
4.1 Kao-ping River water..……………………………………32
4.1.1 Major and trace elements………….…………32
4.1.2 Boron concentration and isotopic compositions………….34
4.2 Erren River………………………….…..39
4.2.1 Major and trace elements……….………..39
4.2.2 Boron concentration and isotopic compositions..….39

CHAPTER 5. DIFFERENT CONTROLLING FACTORS AFFECT BORON IN KPR CATCHMENT AND THE MASS BALANCE CALCULATIO 44
5.1 possible B sources in Kao-ping River…………….44
5.1.1 Clay mineral dissolution……………….47
5.1.2 Anthropogenic sources………………..47
5.1.3 Contribution of hot spring……………...49
5.2 Mass balance calculation for the dissolved B budget in Kao-ping River…52
5.2.1 Atmospheric precipitation………………………...52
5.2.2 Anthropogenic input………………………………………53
5.2.3 Contribution of carbonate and silicate weathering…………….53
5.2.4 General approach…………………………………54
5.3 The contribution of continental boron flux in 2010 KPR………58
5.3 The adsorption process in Kao-ping River…………………58

CHPTER 6. CONCLUSION 60

REFERENCES 62

APPENDICES 72
APPENDIX 1. BORON ADSORPTION EXPERIEMNT………………...72
APPENDIX 2. Major/trace element concentration and boron isotopic composition in 2010, 2006 KPR, and 2010 KPR groundwater…………78
APPENDIX 3. Major/trace element concentration and boron isotopic composition in Erren River water……………….80
APPENDIX 4. The calculated contribution of the different sources to the boron dissolved budget at the KPR catchment......81
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