系統識別號 U0026-3007202017101600
論文名稱(中文) 人格特質與危險駕駛行為之關連性研究
論文名稱(英文) The Relationship between Personality and Risky Driving Behavior
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 交通管理科學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Transportation & Communication Management Science(on the job class)
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 陳峯鳴
研究生(英文) Feng-Min Chen
學號 R57071104
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 115頁
口試委員 口試委員-廖彩雲
中文關鍵字 人格特質  態度  風險感知  危險駕駛行為  結構方程模式 
英文關鍵字 Personality  Attitudes  Risk perception  Risky driving behavior  SEM 
中文摘要 根據內政部警政署交通事故統計資料顯示,駕駛人過失因素是肇事之主因,其比例約佔總件數平均 95% 為較高,足見駕駛人於交通事故中為主關鍵因素。危險性駕駛行為是駕駛人在面臨交通情境下所衍生出之外顯行為,其決策過程為駕駛人先受到外在刺激,再透過內心的處理過程產生決策行為,進而達到控制車輛運作之目的。
本研究以探討人格特質、交通安全態度與風險感知對於危險駕駛行為之影響,透過文獻回顧的方式找出影響駕駛人危險駕駛行為之相關因子,並建構出與危險駕駛行為相關之因果模式,最後則透過結構方程模式,驗證本研究建構之模式,藉此探究駕駛人之人格特質、交通安全態度及風險感知等因素與危險駕駛行為間的因果關係。透過網路問卷調查型式,蒐集有效樣本共計 1,080 份,分析結果顯示,人格特質對於危險駕駛行為有直接影響關係,亦會藉由交通安全態度與風險感知等因素對於危險駕駛行為產生間接影響關係。希冀本研究成果與建議對策能供實務上參考,共同攜手以改善交通環境與提高用路人行車安全為永續目標。
英文摘要 According to the traffic accident statistics of the National Police Agency of the Ministry of the Interior (NPA), the driver’s fault is the main cause of the accident, and it accounts for more than 95% of the total number of cases. Driving behavior is influenced by personality traits, which leads to deviant driving, and then affects driving safety. This study explores the impact of personality traits, risk perception and attitude towards traffic safety on risky driving behavior, finds impact factors that affect drivers’ risky driving behavior through literature review, and constructs a causal model of risky driving. Finally, the structural equation model (SEM) is used to verify the model constructed in this study, in order to explore the causal relationship between the driver's personality traits, attitude towards traffic safety and risk perception and risky driving behavior. Through online questionnaire surveys, a total of 1,080 effective samples were collected. The analysis results show that personality traits have a direct impact on risky driving behavior, and attitude towards traffic safety and risk perception also affect risky driving behavior indirectly.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1.1. 研究背景與動機 1
1.2. 研究目的 3
1.3. 研究範圍及對象 4
1.4. 研究方法概述 4
1.5. 研究流程 5
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1. 人格特質 7
2.1.1 人格特質論之背景研究 7
2.1.2 人格特質之定義 9
2.1.3 人格特質理論之概述 10
2.1.4 五大人格特質 11
2.2. 交通安全態度 13
2.2.1 態度之定義 13
2.2.2 駕駛態度之相關文獻 13
2.3. 風險感知 17
2.3.1 風險感知之定義 17
2.3.2 風險感知之相關文獻 19
2.4. 危險駕駛行為 20
2.4.1 駕駛行為系統 20
2.4.2 駕駛行為影響因素 23
2.4.3 危險駕駛行為 24
2.4.4 駕駛行為之相關文獻與量表 25
2.5. 小結 28
第三章 研究方法 31
3.1 研究架構與假設 31
3.1.1 研究架構 31
3.1.2 研究假設 32
3.2 研究構面之衡量問項 34
3.2.1 人格特質之衡量問項 34
3.2.2 交通安全態度之衡量問項 35
3.2.3 風險感知之衡量問項 37
3.2.4 危險駕駛行為之衡量問項 38
3.3 研究問卷設計與範疇 40
3.3.1 問卷架構設計 40
3.3.2 問卷抽樣對象 40
3.3.3 問卷抽樣方式及數量 40
3.4 研究方法 42
3.4.1 敘述性統計分析 42
3.4.2 信效度分析 42
3.4.3 驗證型因素分析 (Confirmatory Factor Analysis, CFA) 47
3.4.4 結構方程模式(Structural Equation Modeling, SEM) 48
3.5 小結 57
第四章 問卷蒐集與分析結果 59
4.1. 基本敘述統計分析 59
4.2. 各構面問項敘述統計分析 64
4.3. 探索性因素分析 73
4.4. 各構面之信度分析 78
4.5. 不同族群對於各構面之差異性分析 79
4.6. 不同族群對於各構面之變異數分析 82
4.7. 相關分析 86
4.8. 結構方程模式 89
4.8.1 驗證型因素分析 89
4.8.2 路徑分析 91
4.9. 小結 95
第五章 結論與建議 98
5.1 結論 98
5.2 建議 99
5.3 後續研究建議 101
參考文獻 102
附錄 110
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