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系統識別號 U0026-3007202015184500
論文名稱(中文) 公眾海洋環境意識與海廢治理平台支持度之關聯性
論文名稱(英文) Exploring the Relationship between Marine Environmental Consciousness of the Public and the Support for Marine Debris Governance Platform
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 海洋科技與事務研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Ocean Technology and Marine Affairs
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 張歆
研究生(英文) Hsing Chang
學號 NA6071045
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 147頁
口試委員 指導教授-劉大綱
口試委員-吳偉寧
口試委員-陳璋玲
口試委員-陳平
中文關鍵字 海洋環境意識  海洋廢棄物治理平台  一次用塑膠製品  問卷調查法 
英文關鍵字 Environmental Consciousness  Marine Debris Governance Platform (MDGP)  Single Use Plastic (SUP)  Questionnaire 
學科別分類
中文摘要 海洋廢棄物為當今全球海洋普遍面臨的污染問題,世界各國紛紛採用海洋廢棄物行動方案(Marine Debris Action Plan)來應對,採用跨領域整合、公私協力的方式,凝聚利害關係人的共識與力量,以實際行動來保護海洋。2017年7月行政院環境保護署與環保公民團體共同成立「臺灣海洋廢棄物治理平台」,透過四個面向進行行動,帶動整體社會的關注與響應,以減少海洋廢棄物之產生與衝擊。由於公眾的支持及參與,攸關是否能成功實施廢棄物管理和政策目標實現,因此本研究透過調查民眾的海洋環境意識,來探討影響公眾對海廢治理平台行動方案支持及參與之因素。
本研究使用問卷調查法,並採行網路問卷,針對全臺灣民眾進行調查,共回收1295份的有效問卷。結果顯示(1)年輕族群、高學歷以及年收入越高的民眾有較高的海洋環境意識,而對海洋關注度及參與度較高之民眾其海廢感受度、海洋環境態度與海洋環境行為較優,但依賴度則不顯著;(2)民眾海洋廢棄物認知、感受度、海洋環境態度與海洋環境行為兩兩變數間呈正相關;(3)在海洋廢棄物行動方案之訊息接收程度方面,民眾普遍認知到海廢之嚴重性並且願意減少一次性塑膠製品的使用率,但普遍未聽過「海廢治理平台行動方案」此專有名詞;(4)在政策成效認同度方面,「源頭減量」之一次用塑膠製品減量或限用政策或禁止販賣含塑膠微粒化粧品等行動方案為民眾認為成效最佳的政策,其年齡、學歷、年收入較高的族群、海廢認知與感受度較佳的族群達顯著;「擴大合作參與」之定期舉辦國內外海廢經驗交流行動方案為民眾認為成效最不佳的政策,其年齡較高、年收入較高、海廢認知、感受度、海洋環境態度較佳之族群達顯著。本研究建議政府藉由環境教育或傳播媒體宣傳及傳達行動方案的各項政策,循序漸進地引領民眾有更正向的海洋環境意識,並延伸至行動參與,以利提高對政府海廢/減塑相關政策上的支持度。
英文摘要 Marine debris is a transboundary global problem. Many countries have adopted marine debris action plans to deal with this problem. It adopts cross-disciplinary integration and public-private partnership to strengthen the consensus of stakeholders. The Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) and Taiwan’s environmental NGOs worked together to establish the “Marine Debris Governance Platform” in July 2017. Acting through four aspects, the platform drives the attention and response of the whole society to reduce the generation and impact of marine debris. Public support and participation are the key to whether waste management and policy goals can be successfully implemented. Therefore, this study investigates the factors that affect the public's support and participation in the Action Plan of Marine Debris Governance by surveying the public's marine environmental consciousness.
Internet questionnaires were used in this study to explore the policy support and environmental attitude of the general public in Taiwan. By employing convenient sampling, 1295 questionnaires were recovered. The study shows that (1) People who are young, highly educated, and with higher annual incomes have higher marine environmental awareness. (2) There is a positive correlation among the variables of people's marine environmental awareness. (3) People generally recognize the seriousness of marine debris and are willing to reduce the use of Single Use Plastic. However, the public has rarely heard the platform. (4) The public consider "source reduction " are highly effective. People who are elder, highly educated, with more income and marine environmental awareness are more supportive to this policy. The routine experience exchange in "Outreach and public participation" program was considered less effective. This study recommends that government should promote action plan through education or media campaign such that public’s awareness to the marine environment can be raised to increase their participation toward environmental friendly policy.
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌 謝 vii
表目錄 x
圖目錄 xv
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究目的 3
1.3研究流程 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1海洋廢棄物現況與環境衝擊 5
2.1.1海洋廢棄物之定義與來源 5
2.1.2海洋廢棄物之影響 8
2.2國內外海洋廢棄物治理方針 10
2.2.1全球海洋廢棄物監管措施 11
2.2.2區域海洋廢棄物治理方針 17
2.2.3國內海洋廢棄物行動方案 19
2.2.4國外海洋廢棄物行動方案 21
2.2.5各國一次性塑膠製品之源頭減量規範 25
2.3海洋環境意識與民眾參與相關政策之關聯性 36
2.3.1海洋環境意識之概述 36
2.3.2民眾參與環境相關政策之影響因素 43
第三章 研究方法 48
3.1問卷設計 48
3.2問卷調查 51
3.2.1問卷樣本 51
3.2.2問卷調查流程 52
3.3資料分析方法與研究限制 52
3.3.1統計方法與資料處理 52
3.3.2研究限制 54
第四章 結果與討論 55
4.1樣本背景資料分析 55
4.2民眾海洋環境意識分析 60
4.2.1民眾海洋廢棄物認知現況 61
4.2.2民眾海洋廢棄物感受度現況 72
4.2.3民眾海洋環境態度現況 82
4.2.4民眾海洋環境行為現況 93
4.2.5海洋環境意識之四項構面間的關聯性 103
4.3海廢治理平台行動方案之民眾看法分析 106
4.3.1民眾對海廢治理平台行動方案之訊息接收程度 106
4.3.2民眾對海廢治理平台行動方案之成效認同度 107
4.4綜合討論 127
第五章 結論與建議 132
5.1 結論 132
5.2 建議 133
參考文獻 135
附錄 143
附錄一 正式問卷 143
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