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系統識別號 U0026-3001202115372900
論文名稱(中文) 論紀念性建築與空間情感表達 -- 以小林村紀念建築為例
論文名稱(英文) A Research on Memorial Architecture and Expression of Emotional Space: Take Memorial Architecture of Siaolin Village as an Example
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 109
學期 1
出版年 110
研究生(中文) 許晏寧
研究生(英文) Yen-Ning Hsu
學號 N76084171
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 99頁
口試委員 指導教授-吳光庭
口試委員-薛丞倫
口試委員-宋立文
中文關鍵字 紀念性建築  空間情緒  敘事路徑  黑暗觀光  小林村  八八風災 
英文關鍵字 memorial architectures  emotional spaces  narrative path  dark tourism  Siaolin Village  88 flood disaster 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究探討人們參訪紀念性建築之動機,並針對紀念性空間的情感表達進行分析,以災後的小林村作為操作對象,以建築設計的手法,透過空間情緒的設計引入災難發生之情境,藉此體驗當時災民之情緒感受,達到人們對心理層面的慰藉與留存過往記憶的災難紀念空間。

「紀念」一詞的發展可追溯到人類最早期活動的行為,早在人們開始為物質生活所建造的建築類型開始,紀念性建築也出現在其中,與人們物質生活所需不同在於紀念性建築的出現是為其精神層面的需求所產生的建築類型,此建築類型並非全然為房屋或是建物,亦可是一個簡單的墓碑或是雕塑像,依照紀念的對象而產生不同變化。隨著時間的推演,建築的設計亦逐步由形式主義朝向敘事性角度,以此達到人們在紀念的同時也能感受其賦予的深層寓意與情緒思想。除以紀念性建築為主體的研究,透過黑暗觀光的論點,探究人們對災難性空間所產生的吸引性心理反應,以黑暗觀光之精神層面瞭解人們對參訪災難性地區的目的與體驗感受。

台灣位處於亞熱帶地區以及歐亞大陸板塊與菲律賓海板塊交界處,除了頻繁發生的地震之外,每年六至九月更是颱風過境的季節,民眾卻缺少了可供其對颱風災害的探討與了解之處。高雄甲仙的小林村即是八八風災下最大的犧牲者,面對失去的親人與對災難的恐懼,小林村所逃出的村民仍必須盡快拾起過往生活,並投入在延續小林村的歷史與產業的發展,以小林村作為歷史紀念之對象,創造災難體驗之敘事空間路徑,使其體驗災難發生的過程,並保存當地的歷史事蹟,透過對災難的了解,亦可使人們進自我反思之精神,成為大眾了解自然反撲與歷史記憶之場所。

英文摘要 The purpose of this study was to explore the motivations for people visiting memorial architectures and to analyze the expressions of emotional spaces in Siaolin Village. Through the architectural designs and the emotional spaces in Siaolin Village, people could have the same experiences with the villagers when the flood came.

The term “memorial” could be tracked back to the earliest activities of human being. Memorial architectures was built when people started to construct buildings for living. The differences between buildings for living and memorial architectures was that memorial architectures were the pursuit of spiritual needs. According to various purposes, memorial architectures could not only be the houses, but also could be buildings, tombstones, statues, and to name a few. With time passes by, the trend of architecture had been changed from formalism to narrative perspectives. Due to the changes, people could have a deeper thinking while mourning or commemorating. Beside the research on the memorial architectures, the study also put lots of efforts on the dark tourism. Through the theories of dark tourism, this paper also discussed the attractions of catastrophic spaces in order to find out the purposes and the feelings of visiting disaster-affected areas.

Taiwan is located in the junction of Eurasian Plate and Philippine Sea Plate; therefore, earthquakes happened in Taiwan frequently. Except earthquakes, typhoons also hit Taiwan during June to September. However, people in Taiwan lacked for preventions of typhoons. In 10 August, 2009, Taiwan was hit by Typhoon Morakot which caused huge destruction in Taiwan, especially in Siaolin Village, a village in Jiasian, Kaohsiung. Facing the loss of relatives and the fear of disaster, the villagers who escaped from the flood which was cause by Typhoon Morakot still had to move on and rebuild the village. Taking Siaolin Village as the subject in remembrance of the tragedy caused by Typhoon Morakot, the rebuilt village tried to create the same scenes when the flood occurred. By doing so, it could not only let people have the same experience with the victims, but also preserve the local historical sites. Furthermore, by having a deeper understanding of the disaster, people could reflect on the ignorance of Mother Nature.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
謝誌 VII
目錄 VIII
圖目錄 X

1-0 緒論 01
1-1 研究動機 02
1-2 研究方法 02
1-2-1 綜觀黑暗觀光之定義 03
1-2-2 紀念性建築之空間架構 03
1-2-3 以災後地區作為設計操作 03
1-3 研究目標 03
1-4 研究架構 04
2-0 黑暗觀光與災後紀念性建築 05
2-1 黑暗觀光之定義 06
2-1-1 黑暗觀光之動機 08
2-1-2 黑暗觀光之於人類情緒 11
2-2 紀念性建築發展 14
2-2-1 紀念性建築類別 16
2-2-2 紀念性建築敘事形式 17
2-3 國內外紀念性建築案例 18
2-4 小結 32
3-0 小林村 33
3-1 災難發生始末 34
3-1-1 八八風災劇變 34
3-1-2 災後質疑與研討 38
3-1-3 小林村重建 41
3-2 小林記憶 45
3-2-1 地理環境 46
3-2-2 人文歷史 47
3-2-3 交通概況 48
3-3 小結 49
4-0 基地整體規劃 51
4-1 基地分布 52
4-2 基地軸線 54
4-3 設計初始 58
4-4 情緒記憶 59
5-0 設計操作與詮釋 61
5-1 設計概念 62
5-1-1 設計概念 62
5-1-2 情緒感官連結 66
5-2 設計圖面 71
5-2-1 紀念館圖面 71
6-0 結論 91
6-1 結論 92
7-0 參考文獻 95
7-1 參考文獻 96

參考文獻 外文文獻
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7.Miles, W. , 2002 , Auschwitz: Museum Interpretation and Darker Tourism, Annals of Tourism Research

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11.Preslava Ivanova & Duncan Light , 2018 , ‘It’s not that we like death or anything’: exploring the motivations and experiences of visitors to a lighter dark tourism attraction ,Journal of Heritage Tourism

12.Quentin, S. & Karen, A.F. , 2015 , Memorials As Spaces of Engagement: Design, Use and Meaning , Routledge.

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中文文獻
1.徐伯安 , 1999, 紀念性建築 -- 一個具有永恆意義的建築類型 , 建築史論文集

2.顧孟潮 , 2005 , 紀念性建築 , 中國建築學會 , 北京.
3.邱文傑 , 2006 ,縫合大地的傷口 --921地震博物館 , 美國紐約AIA建築師

4.洪維勵&周念潔, 2011 , 黑暗觀光動機之研究─以921 地震教育園區為例,島嶼觀光研究

5.潘國樑 , 2011 , 小林埋村事件之還原---衛星影像判釋 , 航測及遙測學刊.

6.李鎮洋 , 2011 ,莫拉克颱風複合型災害發生歷程的時空重建--以小林村深層崩塌為例 , 中華水土保持學報.

7.陳振川 , 2012 , 文化保存與血脈傳承:重建小林村 , 行政院莫拉克颱風災後重建推動委員會

8.簡照玲 , 2012 , The Steilneset Memorial 女巫審判案受害者紀念館 ,世界建築導報

9.何镜堂 , 2013 , 汶川大地震震中纪念馆 , UED

10.薛雅惠 , 2014 , 高雄市小林社區災後重建與旅遊發展 , 博士 , 國立臺中教育大學區域與社會發展學系

11.林潤華 , 2014 , 傷痛與觀看:淺談黑暗觀光,人社東華電子報,http://journal.ndhu.edu.tw/e_paper/e_paper_c.php?SID=62

12.于輝 , 2017 , 基於敘事學的紀念性建築空間設計研究 , 碩士, 蘇州科技大學.

13.游淑惠、賴政豪、張祐誠 , 2020 , 災難主題紀念館遊客之遊憩體驗、地方感與重遊意願—以921 地震教育園區為例, 博物館學季刊
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