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系統識別號 U0026-3001201817025600
論文名稱(中文) 獲利型共乘平台管制爭議之探討
論文名稱(英文) The Regulatory Issues of Ridesourcing
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 電信管理研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Telecommunications and Management
學年度 106
學期 1
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 黃宥筌
研究生(英文) You-Chuan Huang
學號 R96031036
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 107頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃郁雯
口試委員-蔡東峻
口試委員-葉雲卿
中文關鍵字 共享經濟  獲利型共乘平台管制  管制爭議  優步 
英文關鍵字 Sharing economy  Ride-sourcing platform  Regulatory issues  UBER 
學科別分類
中文摘要 共享經濟近年來在行動網路與智慧型裝置快速普及之下,在全球蓬勃發展並引發議題。Walsh (2011) 在《時代雜誌》將共享經濟譽為影響世界的十大理念之一,舉凡藉由交易物品、專業能力或某些人的時間之使用權,而非所有權,達成各取所需,讓閒置資源更有效率的被利用,皆可納入共享經濟的範疇。共享經濟理念的影響跨足交通、旅遊、旅館、清潔打掃等各大領域,甚至顛覆既有產業現況及商業模式,掀起各方爭論及探討。本研究即以共享經濟中的「獲利型共乘平台(Ride-sourcing Platform)」相關管制政策為研究範疇,瞭解獲利型共乘平台Uber在美國、英國、德國、法國、中國以及我國等國家的發展現況與管制政策。進而以問卷調查蒐集我國民眾對於獲利型共乘平台管制政策的看法,綜合彙整出可供我國未來規劃獲利型共乘平台管制政策的具體建議。
本研究首先從政策、法規實例及相關文獻的蒐集、回顧和探討,比較不同國家間管制政策之差異,並與我國現行管制政策做比較,得出其中的相異點。接著以問卷收集資料,了解台灣民眾對於獲利型共乘平台與相關管制政策的看法。最後,結合上述文獻分析與實務問卷,分析立論。本研究所得之初步重要結論與建議歸納如下:
1. 獲利型共乘平台普遍被歸入交通運輸業受到計程車與租賃車相關法規管制
2. 各國對獲利型共乘平台管制態度不一,壁壘分明
3. 實證顯示,我國受訪者多數傾向擁抱Uber合法上路
4. 建議我國產官學研投入更多獲利型共乘平台對城市交通運輸影響之相關研究
5. 建議產官學研針對獲利型共乘平台與員工關係進行深入研究
英文摘要 Sharing economy has risen up as a popular issue based on smart devices and mobile Internet, taken the global development by the storm and successfully fought into the fields of transportation, traveling, hospitality, cleaning and etc. This study is based on ride-sourcing platform of sharing economy, the status of development and policies in the United States, the UK, Germany, France, China and Taiwan. In questionnaire, this study has collected the Taiwanese opinions on the regulatory issues of ride-sourcing platform. Combining with all the resources mentioned above, it’s organized some constructive suggestions for future policy in Taiwan. The main conclusions of this study have summarized as the followings by combined literature reviews and questionnaires: 1. The ride-sharing platform is generally classified as transportation and regulated by the relevant regulations of taxis and rental cars. 2. Not every ride-sourcing platform has been legalized in all countries, yet it’s slowly loosen the regulations of taxi industry. 3. More than 60% of Taiwanese respondents agreed that Uber should be legalized, but it needed to be regulated and insured properly by the government. 4. Our study suggests that Taiwanese government should invest more on the research related to the impact of ride-sourcing platform in urban transportation. 5. More future research should be focused on the relationship between the ride-sourcing platforms and their employees.
論文目次 中、英文摘要 I
誌 謝 V
目 錄 VI
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 4
1.3 研究預期目標 4
第二章 共享經濟與獲利型共乘平台概述 5
2.1 共享經濟 5
2.2 獲利型共乘平台發展概況 6
2.3 計程車與獲利型共乘平台管制概況 11
第三章 研究架構與方法 22
3.1研究架構 22
3.2研究方法 23
3.3研究對象與範圍 26
3.4研究問卷設計與變數設定 27
第四章 研究結果分析 30
4.1 各國獲利型共乘平台之管制概況 30
4.2 各國獲利型共乘平台管制比較分析 66
4.3 問卷結果分析 72
4.4 小結 81
第五章 研究結論與建議 82
5.1 結論 82
5.2 研究貢獻 87
5.3 後續研究建議 87
參考文獻 90
附錄一 本研究之問卷 104

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Advocate General’s Opinion in Case C-434/15 (2017, May 11). According to Advocate General Szpunar, the Uber electronic platform, whilst innovative, falls within the field of transport: Uber can thus be required to obtain the necessary licences and authorisations under national law. Court of Justice of the European Union. Retrieved from: https://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2017-05/cp170050en.pdf
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