系統識別號 U0026-2912201022212500
論文名稱(中文) 後殖民至全球化: 德賽《繼承失落的人》中列維納斯的倫理主體性
論文名稱(英文) From Postcolonialism to Globalization: The Ethical Subjectivity in Kiran Desai’s The Inheritance of Loss
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 外國語文學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Foreign Languages & Literature
學年度 99
學期 1
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 盧天惠
研究生(英文) Tien-Hwei Lu
電子信箱 labyrinth_blanc@yahoo.com
學號 K2696110
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 106頁
口試委員 指導教授-賴俊雄
中文關鍵字 德賽  列維納斯  後殖民  全球化  倫理  責任  臉龐  居所  社群  他者  主體性 
英文關鍵字 Desai  Levinas  ethics  responsibility  postcolonialism  globalization  Other  face  dwelling  community  subjectivity 
中文摘要 本論文之宗旨乃試圖以列維納斯(Emmanuel Levinas)的倫理論述探討德賽(Kiran Desai)《繼承失落的人》(The Inheritance of Loss)中,人們在後殖民與全球化前後雙重衝擊下被孤立,進而失去歸屬感的主體困境。德賽在這本布克得獎作品中,描繪在不同族群、世代及性別的後殖民個體面臨外在環境劇變及內在自我認識扭曲時產生的疏離、徬徨與無奈。縱觀後現代思潮,哲學家們曾試以去中心的矛盾方式建構另類的中心,人們因而被迫赤裸地面對一種「去主體性」的主體性,而後殖民論述的主體性又須在全球化時代剝削下,面對與處理遍體麟傷的新困境,因而造成人物們形成「於自家中的陌生者」(stranger-at-home)的內在性雙重失落。本論文將以列維納斯對主體倫理優先於本體認知(超脫語言,階級,種族和時間的框架)為主,後殖民論述為輔,以臉龐、居所以社群三個觀念探《繼承失落的人》中不同倫理主體性的可能。透過主體感知的本能,作者相信列維納斯提供了我們一種去主體性的理論詮釋,可以讓我們從後殖民到全球化困境中找到一扇可能「共存」(being-with)的希望之窗。
英文摘要 In this thesis, I aim to implement Emmanuel Levinas’ ethical discourse as a means of exploring the ethical subjects and their aporias in Kiran Desai’s The Inheritance of Loss. In this Man Booker Prize winning novel, Desai illustrates the “crumbling, isolated” human condition of a postcolonial “un-belongingness” under the framework of globalization. Looking at the modern-day aporia of inheriting an identity constructed of uncertainty, melancholy, anxiety and even indifference, we see how the question of subjectivity brings forth a need of interconnection with another in order to make sense of life in the era of globalization. Due to postmodernists’ attempt to create a new center through deconstructing the notion of center itself, people are forced to take on an uncanny form of “subject-less” subjectivity. Whereas postcolonial subjects struggle to accept their new hybridity, the idea of subjectivity itself is further disfigured due to the techno-capitalistic demands of globalization. In truth, the uncanniness of being a “stranger-at-home” prevails all. In The Inheritance of Loss, the nature of subjectivity may be perceived as ethical, instead of nihilistic or ontological, overrides language, class, race, and time. Supplementing postcolonial discourses, Levinasian notions of the face, the dwelling, and community provides us with a potential “being-with” resolution that bridges over the troubled waters of globalized postcolonial subjectivity.
論文目次 1.Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………1
2.Chapter One: Levinasian Notions of Ethics and Subjectivity……………………………16
3.Chapter Two: The Face and the Ethical Subject……………………………………………27
4.Chapter Three: The Dwelling and the Ethical Subject……………………………………50
5.Chapter Four: The Community and the Ethical Subject……………………………………74
7.Works Cited …………………………………………………………………………………………99
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