進階搜尋


下載電子全文  
系統識別號 U0026-2912201022212500
論文名稱(中文) 後殖民至全球化: 德賽《繼承失落的人》中列維納斯的倫理主體性
論文名稱(英文) From Postcolonialism to Globalization: The Ethical Subjectivity in Kiran Desai’s The Inheritance of Loss
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 外國語文學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Foreign Languages & Literature
學年度 99
學期 1
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 盧天惠
研究生(英文) Tien-Hwei Lu
電子信箱 labyrinth_blanc@yahoo.com
學號 K2696110
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 106頁
口試委員 指導教授-賴俊雄
口試委員-張淑麗
口試委員-林松燕
中文關鍵字 德賽  列維納斯  後殖民  全球化  倫理  責任  臉龐  居所  社群  他者  主體性 
英文關鍵字 Desai  Levinas  ethics  responsibility  postcolonialism  globalization  Other  face  dwelling  community  subjectivity 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本論文之宗旨乃試圖以列維納斯(Emmanuel Levinas)的倫理論述探討德賽(Kiran Desai)《繼承失落的人》(The Inheritance of Loss)中,人們在後殖民與全球化前後雙重衝擊下被孤立,進而失去歸屬感的主體困境。德賽在這本布克得獎作品中,描繪在不同族群、世代及性別的後殖民個體面臨外在環境劇變及內在自我認識扭曲時產生的疏離、徬徨與無奈。縱觀後現代思潮,哲學家們曾試以去中心的矛盾方式建構另類的中心,人們因而被迫赤裸地面對一種「去主體性」的主體性,而後殖民論述的主體性又須在全球化時代剝削下,面對與處理遍體麟傷的新困境,因而造成人物們形成「於自家中的陌生者」(stranger-at-home)的內在性雙重失落。本論文將以列維納斯對主體倫理優先於本體認知(超脫語言,階級,種族和時間的框架)為主,後殖民論述為輔,以臉龐、居所以社群三個觀念探《繼承失落的人》中不同倫理主體性的可能。透過主體感知的本能,作者相信列維納斯提供了我們一種去主體性的理論詮釋,可以讓我們從後殖民到全球化困境中找到一扇可能「共存」(being-with)的希望之窗。
英文摘要 In this thesis, I aim to implement Emmanuel Levinas’ ethical discourse as a means of exploring the ethical subjects and their aporias in Kiran Desai’s The Inheritance of Loss. In this Man Booker Prize winning novel, Desai illustrates the “crumbling, isolated” human condition of a postcolonial “un-belongingness” under the framework of globalization. Looking at the modern-day aporia of inheriting an identity constructed of uncertainty, melancholy, anxiety and even indifference, we see how the question of subjectivity brings forth a need of interconnection with another in order to make sense of life in the era of globalization. Due to postmodernists’ attempt to create a new center through deconstructing the notion of center itself, people are forced to take on an uncanny form of “subject-less” subjectivity. Whereas postcolonial subjects struggle to accept their new hybridity, the idea of subjectivity itself is further disfigured due to the techno-capitalistic demands of globalization. In truth, the uncanniness of being a “stranger-at-home” prevails all. In The Inheritance of Loss, the nature of subjectivity may be perceived as ethical, instead of nihilistic or ontological, overrides language, class, race, and time. Supplementing postcolonial discourses, Levinasian notions of the face, the dwelling, and community provides us with a potential “being-with” resolution that bridges over the troubled waters of globalized postcolonial subjectivity.
論文目次 1.Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………1
2.Chapter One: Levinasian Notions of Ethics and Subjectivity……………………………16
3.Chapter Two: The Face and the Ethical Subject……………………………………………27
4.Chapter Three: The Dwelling and the Ethical Subject……………………………………50
5.Chapter Four: The Community and the Ethical Subject……………………………………74
6.Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………91
7.Works Cited …………………………………………………………………………………………99
參考文獻 Afzal-Khan, Fawzia. Cultural Imperialism and the Indo-English Novel: Genre and Ideology in R. K. Narayan, Anita Desai, Kamala Markandaya, and Salman Rushdie. Philadelphia, Pa.: Pennsylvania UP, 1993.
Agamben, Giorgio. Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life. Trans. Daniel Heller-Roazen. Eds. Werner Hamacher and David E. Wellbery. Stanford: Stanford U of P, 1998.
Appadurai, Arjun. Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis, MN: U of Minnesota P, 1996.
Archibugi, Daniele and Mathias Koenig-Archibugi. “Globalization, Democracy and Cosmopolis: A Bibliographical Essay.” In Debating Cosmopolitics. Ed. Daniele Archibugi. London: Verso, 2003. 273-92.
Auerbach, Jeffery. “Imperial Boredom.” Common Knowledge 11.2 (2005): 283-305.
Badiou, Alain. Ethics: An Essay on the Understanding of Evil. Trans Peter Hallward. London: Verso, 2001.
---. Metaphysics. Trans. Jason Barker. NewYork and London:Verso, 2005.
Bauman, Zygmun. Life in Fragments: Essays in Postmodern Morality. Oxford: Blackwell, 1995.
---. Postmodern Ethics. Oxford: Blackwell, 1993.
Beauregard, Guy. “Diaspora Studies: Scattered Speculations.” International Journal of Canadian Studies 25 (2002): 197-204.
Bhabha, Homi K. The Location of Culture. New York: Routledge, 1994.
---. “From Development to Globalization: Postcolonial Studies and Globalization Theory.” In The Cambridge Companion to Postcolonial Literary Studies. Ed. Neil Lazarus. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2004. 120-38.
Brueggemann, Walter. Interpretation and Obedience: From Faithful Reading to Faithful Living. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1991.
Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990.
---. “Foucault and the Paradox of Bodily Inscriptions.” Journal of Philosophy 86.11 (1989): 257-79.
---. “Precarious Life.” Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Violence. London: Verso, 2004. 128-51.
---. “Violence, Mourning, Politics.” Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Violence. London: Verso, 2004. 20-49.
---. The Psychic Life of Power. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1997.
Chakrabarty, Dipesh. “Postcoloniality and the Artifice of History: Who Speaks for Indian’s Pasts?” In Contemporary Postcolonial Theory. Ed. Padmini Mongia. London: Arnold, 1997. 223-47.
Clifford, James. Routes: Travel and Translation in the Late Twentieth Century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1997.
Cohen, Robin. Global Diasporas: An Introduction. London: U College London P, 1997.
---. and Stephen Vertovic. Eds. Migration, Diasporas and Transnationalism. Cheltenham, UK: Elgar, 1999.
Critchley, Simon. The Ethics of Deconstruction: Derrida and Levinas. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992.
---. “Introduction to ‘Is Ontology Fundamental’?” To the Other: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas. Ed. Adriaan Peperzak. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue UP, 1993. 1-2.
---. Ethics, Politics, Subjectivity: Essays on Derrida, Levinas and Contemporary French Thought. New York: Verso, 1999.
Derrida, Jacques et al. “Hospitality, Justice, and Responsibility: A Dialogue with Jacques Derrida.” Questioning Ethics: Contemporary Debates in Philosophy. Eds. Richard Kearney and Mark Dooley. London: Routledge, 1999. 65-83.
---. Of Spirit. Trans. G. Bennington. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1989.
---. and Anne Dufourmantelle. Of Hospitality. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford UP, 1980.
---. The Truth in Painting. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1987.
---. “Violence and Metaphysics: An Essay on the Thought of Emmanuel Levinas.” Writing and Difference. Trans. Alan Bass. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1978. 79-153.
Dunn, John. “Autonomy’s Sources and the Impact of Globalization.” In Virtues of Independence and Dependence on Virtues. Eds. Ludvig Beckman and Emil Uddhammar. London: Transaction, 2003.
Ciaramelli, Fabio. “Levinas’s Ethical Discourse Between Individuation and Universality.” Rereading Levinas. Eds. Robert Bernasconi and Simon Critchley. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1991. 83-105.
Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks. New York: Grove Press, 1994.
Ferguson, Niall. Empire: The Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power. New York: Basic, 2003.
Ferguson, Russell et al. Eds. Out There: Marginalization and Contemporary Cultures. Cambridge and London: MIT P, 1990.
Fraser, Robert. Lifting the Sentence: A Poetics of Postcolonial Fiction. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2000.
Fryer, David Ross. The Intervention of the Other: Ethical Subjectivity in Levinas and Lacan. New York: Other Press, 2004.
Ganguly, Keya. States of Exception: Everyday life and Postcolonial Identity. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2001.
George, Rosemary Marangoly. The Politics of Home: Postcolonial Relocations and Twentieth-Century Fiction. Berkeley: UP of California, 1999.
Ghosh, Amitav. In an Antique Land. New York: Vintage, 1994.
Gikandi, Simon. “Globalization and the Claims of Postcoloniality.” South Atlantic Quarterly 100.3 (2001): 627-58.
Gilroy, Paul. The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1993.
Grewal, Inderpal. “Salman Rushdie: Marginality, Women, and Shame.” In Reading Rushdie: Perspectives on the Fiction of Salman Rushdie. Ed. M. D. Fletcher. Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi, 1994. 123-44.
Hall, Stuart.“When was ‘The Post-colonial’? Thinking at the Limit.” In The Post-colonial Question: Common Skies, Divided Horizons. Eds. Iain Chambers and Lidia Curti. New York: Routledge, 1996. 242-60.
Harrison, Nicholas. Postcolonial Criticism. Cambridge: Polity, 2003.
Heidegger, Martin. The Fundamental Concept of Metaphysics. Trans. William McNeill and Nicholas Walker. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1995.
---.“Building, Dwelling, Thinking.” Poetry, Language, Thought. Trans. Albert Hofstadter. New York: Harper & Row, 1971. 145-61.
Held, David. Democracy and the Global Order: From the Modern State to Cosmopolitan Governance. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1995.
Honig, Bonnie. Democracy and the Foreigner. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2001.
Krell, David Farrell. Ed. Basic Writings. San Francisco: Harper Collins Publishers, 1977.
Levinas, Emmanuel. Difficult Freedom. Trans. Sean Hand. Baltimore: John Hopkins Press, 1990.
---. Ethics and Infinity: Conversations with Philippe Nemo. Trans. Richard Cohen. Pittsburg: Duquesne UP, 1985.
---.Otherwise Than Being or Beyond Essence. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1974.
---. “Reflections on the Philosophy of Hitlerism.” Critical Inquiry 17.1 (1990): 62-71.
---. Time and the Other. Trans. Richard Cohen. Pittsburgh: Duquesne UP, 1987.
---. Totality and Infinity: An Essay on Exteriority. Trans. Alphonso Lingis. Pittsburgh: Duquesne UP, 1996.
---. The Levinas Reader. Ed. Sean Hand. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989.
Memmi, Albert. The Colonizer and The Colonized. Boston: Beacon Press, 1991.
Mishra, Pankaj. “Wounded by the West.” The New York Times. Feb. 2006. The New York Times Co., New York. 18 Feb. 2010 .
Nancy, Jean-Luc. The Inoperative Community. Ed. Peter Connor. Trans. Peter Connor, Lisa Garbus, Michael Holland, and Simon Sawhney. Minneapolis and Oxford: U of Minnesota P, 1991.
---. “La Comparution/The Compearance: From the Existence of ‘Communism’ to the Community of ‘Existence’.” Political Theory 20.3 (1992): 371-98.
---. Being Singular Plural. Trans. Robert Richardson and Anne O’Byrne. Stanford: Stanford UP, 2000.
Needham, Anuradha Dingwaney. “The Politics of Post-Colonial Identity in Salman Rushdie.” In Reading Rushdie: Perspectives on the Fiction of Salman Rushdie. Ed. M. D. Fletcher. Atlanta: Rodopi, 1994. 145-58.
Niranjana, Tejaswini. Siting Translation: History, Post-structuralism and the Colonial Context. Berkeley: U of California P, 1992.
Orwell, George. Animal Farm. Trans. Jean Armstrong. Hampshire: Macmillan, 1895.
Rapaport, Herman. Later Derrida: Reading the Recent Work. New York: Routledge, 2003.
Reiss, Timothy J. Against Autonomy: Global Dialectics of Cultural Exchange. Stanford, CA: Stanford UP, 2002.
Ribbons, Jill. Altered Reading: Levinas and Literature. London: Chicago UP, 1999.
Rushdie, Salman. The Satanic Verses. Dover, DE: The Consortium, 1992.
---. Shame. London: Vintage, 1995.
San Juan, Jr. E. Beyond Postcolonial Theory. New York: St. Martin’s, 1998.
Scott, David. Refashioning Futures: Criticism after Postcoloniality. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1999.
Sen, Amartya. “The Violence of Illusion.” Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny. New York: W.W. Norton, 2006. 1-17.
Seth, Sanjay. “A ‘Postcolonial World’?” In Contending Images of World Politics. Eds. Greg Fry and Jacinta O’Hagan. London and New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000. 214-26.
Singh, Jai Arjun. “Kiran Desai Interview.” Jabberwock. Jan. 2006. 18 Feb. 2010 < http://jaiarjun.blogspot.com/2006/01/kiran-desai-interview_20.html>.
Slemon, Stephen. “The Scramble for Postcolonialism.” In De-scribing Empire: Post-colonialism and Textuality. Eds. Chris Tiffin and Alan Lawson. London: Routledge, 1994. 15-32.
Smith, Michael B. Toward the Ouside: Concepts and Themes in Emmanuel Levinas. Pittsburgh: Duquesne UP, 2005.
Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. A Critique of Postcolonial Reason: Toward a History of the Vanishing Present. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1999.
---. “Can the Subaltern Speak?” Colonial Discourse and Postcolonial Theory: A Reader. Eds. Patrick Williams and Laura Chrisman. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993. 196-220.
---. “Cultural Talks in the Hot Peace: Revisiting the ‘Global Village’.” Cosmopolitics: Thinking and Feeling Beyond the Nation. Eds. Pheng Cheah and Bruce Robbins. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1998. 329-50.
Srivastava, Sanjay. Constructing Post-colonial India: National Character and the Doon School. London and New York: Routledge, 1998.
Thiele, Leslie Paul. Timely Meditations: Martin Heidegger and Postmodern Politics. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1995.
Tomlinson, John. Globalization and Culture. Chicago: U of Chicago P. 1999.
Urry, John. Sociology Beyond Societies: Mobilities for the Twenty-first Century. London: Routledge, 2000.
Viswanathan, Gauri. “Beyond Orientalism: Syncretism and the Politics of Knowledge.” Stanford Humanities Review 5.1 (1995): 19-32.
Westerhoff, Caroline. Good Fences: The Boundaries of Hospitality. Boston: Cowley Press, 1999.
Whitford, Margaret. “Questions to Emmanuel Levinas on the Divinity of Love.” Re-Reading Levinas. Eds. Robert Bernasconi and Simon Critchley. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana UP, 1991.
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2011-02-16起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2011-02-16起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw