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系統識別號 U0026-2908201216062700
論文名稱(中文) 以開放式資源平台輔助中文學習的行動探索
論文名稱(英文) Investigating an Open Educational Resources Platform for Chinese Language Learners
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 創意產業設計研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Creative Industry Design
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 王國權
研究生(英文) Brian Wang
學號 PA6997030
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 69頁
口試委員 指導教授-簡聖芬
口試委員-張登文
口試委員-鄧怡莘
中文關鍵字 開放教育資源  網路平台  中文學習  第二語言學習  行動研究 
英文關鍵字 Open educational resources  OER  web 2.0  Chinese language learning  second-language acquisition  SLA  action research 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本論文研究旨在利用開放教育資源(Open Educational Resources,簡稱OER)協助中文學習者。研究的方法主要透過行動研究(Action
Research)來探索,藉由一個開放式資源平台的「開發—使用檢討—再開發」的行動循環,在真實的場域中提供中文學習者相關學習資源,協助其進行第二語言學習(Second Language Acquisition,簡稱SLA)。

研究由文獻及相關網路平台案例之探討,歸納五項開放式資源平台在輔助第二語言學習時的要素。一、提供學習者適切的學習資源。二、使學習者能取得高品質的資料。三、創造低情緒障礙的學習環境。四、支源學習發展區理論。五、協助強化自主學習。

研究的行動部份,主要開發協助中文學習的網路平台,就五項平台要
素,分別實踐。網路平台在每一個行動循環,藉由平台使用者的回饋、平台使用量資料、問卷、焦點團體討論及訪談等訊息,進行反思檢討,再演化出新一代的平台。整個行動探索共進行了四個循環,最後統整回顧並對提出輔助中文學習的開放式資源平台的設計建議。

本論文主要貢獻,在整理歸納出開放式資源平台在輔助第二語言學習時的要素,並從行動探索,獲得平台應用在中文學習時的系統與互動設計的內容。由於本研究在行動探索時只針對個人學習進行使用檢討,未來研究若能加入學習社群的支源,可望對開放教育資源輔助第二語言學習有更全面的探討。
英文摘要 Open educational resources (OER) are digital materials with educational value that are made freely available on the Internet through an open license. Through action research, this thesis aims to support OER by developing a platform
based upon Web 2.0 principals in order to assist Chinese language learners through the topic of second-language acquisition (SLA).

This thesis reviews related literature and projects to examine what areas a Web 2.0 platform can help facilitate second-language learning through OER. From the review, 5 key elements were identified that were crucial to a platform for OER to support Chinese SLA. These key elements are: delivering appropriate resources; enabling accesses to high-quality materials; providing a low affective filter;
facilitating working within the zone of proximal development; and providing learner autonomy.

Through field studies of action research, an experimental web-based platform, implements the key elements, evolves and changes based upon data gathered from the web-server and feedback received from focus group discussions,
questionnaire and interviews. In total, four evolution cycles are conducted. In each cycle, assumptions are tested with data and feedback to identify what are key elements to assist Chinese language learners online. Reflecting upon the evolution of the platform as a whole, a final system design is proposed.

This thesis introduces a better way of organizing and categorizing language related OER as well as developing an effective means of contextualizing these resources to assist Chinese language learners. It also offers a dynamic method of delivering suitable and high quality content to wide range of Chinese language learners of varying proficiencies. Further investigations on facilitating learning communities may strengthen supports of SLA using OER.
論文目次 Acknowledgment .......................................................................................................iii
List of Figures ........................................................................................................... vii
List of Tables ...........................................................................................................viii
Chapter 1: Introduction ............................................................................................... 1
1.1 Motivation ......................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Problem Statement ............................................................................................. 1
1.3 Research Question and Objectives .................................................................... 2
1.4 Research Design ................................................................................................ 4
1.5 Research Process ............................................................................................... 4
1.6 Organization of Thesis ...................................................................................... 7
Chapter 2: Literature Review ...................................................................................... 8
2.1 Web 2.0 .............................................................................................................. 8
2.2 Open Educational Resources ........................................................................... 11
2.3 Second-Language Acquisition ........................................................................ 13
2.4 Related Projects ............................................................................................... 15
2.5 Summary .......................................................................................................... 16
Chapter 3: Field Studies ............................................................................................ 18
3.1 System Design ................................................................................................. 18
3.1.1 Key elements of an OER for SLA platform ......................................... 18
3.1.2 Implementations to support key elements ............................................ 20
3.2 Cycle 1: Sharing Resources with Tagging and Ratings .............................. 23
3.2.1 Implementation ......................................................................................... 23
3.2.2 Data gathering ........................................................................................... 25
3.2.3 Reflection .................................................................................................. 27
3.3 Cycle 2: Platform-to-User Focus and Incorporating Proficiency Tests .......... 27
3.3.1 Implementation ......................................................................................... 29
3.3.2 Data gathering ........................................................................................... 31
3.3.3 Reflection .................................................................................................. 32
3.4 Cycle 3: Guest Version .................................................................................... 33
3.4.1 Implementation ......................................................................................... 34
3.4.2 Data gathering ........................................................................................... 36
3.4.3 Reflection .................................................................................................. 37
3.5 Cycle 4: Daily Learning .................................................................................. 37
3.5.1 Implementation ......................................................................................... 38
3.5.2 Data gathering ........................................................................................... 40
3.5.3 Reflection .................................................................................................. 42
3.6 System Revisited ............................................................................................. 42
Chapter 4: Conclusion............................................................................................... 49
4.1 Contribution ..................................................................................................... 49
4.2 Future Research ............................................................................................... 50
References ................................................................................................................. 51
Appendix I: Focus Group Questionnaire .................................................................. 56
1. Questionnaire .................................................................................................. 56
2. Summary of participants ................................................................................. 57
3. Summary of quantitative data ......................................................................... 57
4. Transcript of written answers ......................................................................... 58
Appendix II: Transcript of Interviews ...................................................................... 60
1: First interview .................................................................................................... 60
2: Second interview ............................................................................................... 63
Appendix III: Web traffic and Server Data .............................................................. 66
1. Cycle 1: Sharing Resources with Tagging and Rating ................................... 66
2. Cycle 2: Platform-to User Focus and Incorporating Proficiency Tests .......... 67
3. Cycle 3: Guest Version ................................................................................... 68
4. Cycle 4: Daily Learning .................................................................................. 69
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