進階搜尋


   電子論文尚未授權公開,紙本請查館藏目錄
(※如查詢不到或館藏狀況顯示「閉架不公開」,表示該本論文不在書庫,無法取用。)
系統識別號 U0026-2907202013275100
論文名稱(中文) 利用四價硫穩定劑於平板式濕式氣固分離器中收集大氣中二氧化硫
論文名稱(英文) Use sulfur(IV) stabilizing agent in parallel plate wet denuder for sampling sulfur dioxide in the ambient air
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 環境工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Environmental Engineering
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 何翊筠
研究生(英文) Yi-Yun Ho
學號 P56071044
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 138頁
口試委員 指導教授-吳義林
口試委員-賴進興
口試委員-林清和
口試委員-巫月春
中文關鍵字 四價硫穩定劑  甲醛  平板式濕式氣固分離器  空氣採樣  二氧化硫 
英文關鍵字 Sulfur(IV) stabilizing agent  Formaldehyde  Parallel plate wet denuder  Air sampling  Sulfur dioxide 
學科別分類
中文摘要 大氣中之硫(IV)和硫(VI)物種,例如二氧化硫,硫酸和硫酸鹽,皆會影響環境並造成嚴重的空氣污染,硫化物也是酸雨形成的最主要原因,酸雨對農作物、淡水系統皆會有害,且若二氧化硫,硫酸氣膠於大氣中濃度太高,嚴重的話甚至會對人類健康造成危害。而硫酸鹽也是對流層氣膠的主要成分,會影響地球的輻射量。因此,在過去的幾十年中,人們對這些硫化物種類的來源、分佈及傳輸給予了極大的科學關注。
一般大氣中之二氧化硫、硫酸和硫酸鹽採樣為利用Denuder系統或impinger系統所進行,再利用離子層析儀測量亞硫酸根和硫酸根陰離子。然而,當使用液體進行萃取和收集時,亞硫酸鹽極易被氧化成硫酸鹽一直是硫採樣方法的主要問題。亞硫酸鹽和硫酸鹽皆以硫酸鹽表示。因此若在存有硫酸氣體的環境下進行採樣,可能會對SO2產生正干擾。因此,我們使用甲醛作為四價硫穩定劑來穩定亞硫酸鹽溶液。其作用機制為利用四價硫與甲醛溶液反應形成一種相對穩定之衍生物羥基甲磺酸鹽(hydroxymethanesulfonate , HMS),此衍生物具有高度抗氧化性可使硫保持在S(IV)狀態。
在本研究中,設計了平板式濕式氣固分離器(PPWD),以改進目前的酸性氣體採樣方法缺點。平板式濕式氣固分離器由兩個玻璃板製成,這些玻璃板為吸收酸性氣體的主要吸收區域。當將TiO2 + SiO2奈米顆粒塗覆在多孔玻璃板上並且用UV光照射表面時,水膜較為均勻。吸收液沿平板表面向下流動以形成水膜,以吸收在兩個表面之間向上流動的SO2氣體。每個玻璃板長150毫米,寬75毫米,兩塊玻璃板之間的間隙為2毫米。以氣體鋼瓶產生SO2氣體,使用1.5%(v/v)甲醛溶液作為吸收液,吸收液流速為1 cc/min,採樣期間空氣流量為2-10 LPM。使用離子層析儀(IC)分析樣品並確定PPWD的SO2收集效率。
結果顯示,當SO2氣體流速為2 LPM、5 LPM和10 LPM時,氣體收集效率分別為95.4%、94.6%和94.0%。由於利用此長度之平板所得到之SO2氣體收集效率較低,因此我們設計了另一個吸收區域長度為兩倍之PPWD,其具有更好的氣體收集效率,當SO2氣體流量為2 LPM、5 LPM和10 LPM時,氣體吸收效率分別為97.4%、96.8%和95.7%。我們認為收集效率之損失歸因於吸收區表面之水膜不均勻現象的槽道現象所導致。在高濃度O3做為四價硫氧化劑的情況下,可發現衍生物HMS對O3的抗氧化力很高。當加入硫酸蒸氣進行實驗時,其SO2氣體之平均收集效率為96.1%,表示在硫酸蒸氣的存在下,並不會影響到SO2氣體之收集效率,而硫酸氣體本身之平均收集效率為70.1%,可能為吸收液之pH值較低之原因所導致,因此若於大氣中採集硫酸蒸氣,須於PPWD後接上兩管環形氣固分離器,以完整收集硫酸蒸氣。戶外採樣之結果顯示PPWD所採集到之SO2氣體平均濃度為1.84 ppbv,且收集效率平均為95.4%,仍保持於95%以上。此結果與在內部實驗測時之結果一致,表示此採樣方法適用於戶外。
英文摘要 Formaldehyde is used as an antioxidant to stabilize the sulfite solution in this study. In this stabilization process, sulfite reacts with formaldehyde solution to form hydroxymethanesulfonate (HMS), which is a relatively stable adduct. A parallel plate wet denuder (PPWD) was designed and developed in this study in order to improve the present standard sampling method for acidic gases. When SO2 gas flow rates were 2 L/min, 5 L/min and 10 L/min, the gas absorption efficiencies were 97.4%, 96.8% and 95.7%, respectively. The loss of the absorption efficiency is due to the channeling effect through the partially dried surfaces. In the presence of high concentration O3 as oxidant of the sulfur (IV), HMS still has high resistance to O3. When sulfuric acid vapor is added for the experiment, the average collection efficiency of SO2 gas is 96.1%, which means that in the presence of sulfuric acid vapor, it will not affect the collection efficiency of SO2 gas, and the average collection efficiency of sulfuric acid gas is 70.1%. The low collection efficiency for sulfuric acid vapor may be caused by the low pH value of the absorption liquid. The results of outdoor sampling showed that the average collection efficiency was 95.4%, which remained above 95%. This result is consistent with the results of the laboratory research, indicating that this sampling method is suitable for outdoor use.
論文目次 摘要…………………………………………………………………I
致謝………………………………………………………VII
目錄……………………………………………………………..IX
表目錄…………………………………………..XI
圖目錄…………………………………………………...XIII
第1章 前言 ……………………………………..1
1.1研究緣起 1
1.2研究目的 2
第2章 文獻回顧 3
2.1大氣中二氧化硫之簡介 3
2.1.1大氣中二氧化硫來源 3
2.1.2 二氧化硫之光化學反應 5
2.1.3 二氧化硫之氣相反應 6
2.1.4 二氧化硫之液相反應 7
2.2四價硫穩定劑作用機制與種類挑選 18
2.2.1 醇類穩定劑 18
2.2.2 酚類穩定劑 21
2.2.3 甲醛穩定劑 24
2.2.4 硫代硫酸鹽穩定劑 29
2.2.5 抗壞血酸穩定劑 32
2.2.6 使用甲醛穩定劑之原因說明 34
2.3硫酸液滴之簡介 40
2.4二氧化硫與硫酸液滴之手動採樣方法 43
2.4.1二氧化硫之採樣方法 43
2.4.2硫酸液滴之採樣方法 45
2.5平板式濕式氣固分離器採樣介紹 50
第3章 研究方法 63
3.1研究架構 63
3.2採樣方法 64
3.3分析方法 69
3.3.1離子分析儀分析原理與方法 69
3.3.2檢量線配置 71
3.3.3品保品管 71
3.4氣體製造與分析設備 73
3.4.1 零基氣體製造儀 73
3.4.2 臭氧製造儀 74
3.4.3 二氧化硫分析儀 74
3.4.4 臭氧分析儀 75
3.5實驗規劃 76
3.5.1 穩定劑濃度影響之實驗 76
3.5.2 採樣流量影響之實驗 77
3.5.3 干擾因子-臭氧確認之實驗 79
3.5.4硫酸蒸氣採樣 83
3.5.5衍生物穩定性之實驗 86
3.6野外採樣 86
3.7實驗結果計算空氣中二氧化硫濃度之換算方法 90
第4章 結果與討論 92
4.1標準品之檢量線建立結果 92
4.2穩定劑濃度影響之實驗 97
4.3採樣流量影響之實驗 101
4.4平板式濕式氣固分離器吸收區長度影響之實驗 107
4.5干擾因子-臭氧確認之實驗 115
4.6硫酸蒸氣採樣 119
4.7野外採樣 123
第5章 結論與建議 127
5.1結論 127
5.2建議 128
第6章 參考文獻 129

參考文獻 Adewuyi, Y. G., S. Y. Cho, R. P. Tsay, and G. R. Carmichael (1984). Importance of formaldehyde in cloud chemistry. Atmospheric Environment (1967), 18(11), 2413-2420.
Alyea, H. N. and H. L. Bäckström (1929). The inhibitive action of alcohols on the oxidation of sodium sulfite. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 51(1), 90-109.
Allegrini, I., F. De Santis, V. Di Palo, A. Febo, C. Perrino, M. Possanzini, and A. Liberti (1987). Annular denuder method for sampling reactive gases and aerosols in the atmosphere. Science of the Total Environment, 67(1), 1-16.
Arnold, F., L. Pirjola, H. Aufmhoff, T. Schuck, T. Lähde, and K. Hämeri (2006). First gaseous sulfuric acid measurements in automobile exhaust: Implications for volatile nanoparticle formation. Atmospheric Environment, 40(37), 7097-7105.
Boring, C. B., S. K. Poruthoor, and P. K. Dasgupta (1999). Wet effluent parallel plate diffusion denuder coupled capillary ion chromatograph for the determination of atmospheric trace gases. Talanta, 48(3), 675-684.
Boyce, S. D. and M. R. Hoffmann (1984). Kinetics and mechanism of the formation of hydroxymethanesulfonic acid at low pH. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 88(20), 4740-4746.
Campanella, L., M. Majone, and R. Pocci (1990). Behaviour of different eluents and stabilizing agents in the determination of sulphite in water by ion-chromatography. Talanta, 37(2), 201-205.
Cavender, F. L., J. L. Williams, W. H. Steinhagen, and D. Woods (1977). Thermodynamics and toxicity of sulfuric acid mists. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A Current Issues, 2(5), 1147-1159.
Chapman, E. G., C. J. Barinaga, H. R. Udseth, and R. D. Smith (1990). Confirmation and quantitation of hydroxymethanesulfonate in precipitation by electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry. Atmospheric Environment. Part A. General Topics, 24(12), 2951-2957.
Chang, J. C. and T. G. Brna (1986). Pilot testing of sodium thiosulfate. Environmental progress, 5(4), 225-233.
Chen, M., X. Deng, and F. He (2016). Removal of SO2 from flue gas using basic aluminum sulfate solution with the byproduct oxidation inhibition by ethylene glycol. Energy & Fuels, 30(2), 1183-1191.
Chen, M., B. Xie, F. He, and X. Deng (2019). Efficient inhibition of S (IV) oxidation in a novel basic aluminum sulfate regenerative flue gas desulfurization process by ethylene glycol: kinetics and reaction mechanism. Energy & Fuels, 33(2), 1383-1391.
Chien, C. H., A. Theodore, C. Zhou, C. Y. Wu, Y. M. Hsu, and B. Birky (2017). Development of a thoracic personal sampler system for co-sampling of sulfuric acid mist and sulfur dioxide gas. Journal of occupational and environmental hygiene, 14(7), 562-571.
Davies, D. M. and J. P. Ivey (1987). Sulphur (IV) in rain water and Antarctic ice by ion chromatography. Analytica chimica acta, 194, 275-279.
Dasgupta, P. K., K. B. DeCesare, and M. Brummer (1982). Determination of S (IV) in particulate matter. Atmospheric Environment (1967), 16(5), 917-927.
Dasgupta, P. K. and K. B. DeCesare (1982). Stability of sulfur dioxide in formaldehyde absorber and its anomalous behavior in tetrachloromercurate (II). Atmospheric Environment (1967), 16(12), 2927-2934.
Dasgupta, P. K., K. DeCesare, and J. C. Ullrey (1980). Determination of atmospheric sulfur dioxide without tetrachloromercurate (II) and the mechanism of the Schiff reaction. Analytical Chemistry, 52(12), 1912-1922.
Dasgupta, P. K. (1982). On the ion chromatographic determination of S (IV). Atmospheric Environment (1967), 16(5), 1265-1268.
Dasgupta, P. K., L. Ni, S. K. Poruthoor, and D. C. Hindes (1997). A multiple parallel plate wetted screen diffusion denuder for high-flow air sampling applications. Analytical Chemistry, 69(24), 5018-5023.
Dhayal, Y., C. P. S. Chandel, and K. S. Gupta (2014). The influence of hydroxyl volatile organic compounds on the oxidation of aqueous sulfur dioxide by oxygen. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21(13), 7805-7817.
Dixon, R. W. and H. Aasen (1999). Measurement of hydroxymethanesulfonate in atmospheric aerosols. Atmospheric Environment, 33(13), 2023-2029.
Do, J. S. and C. P. Chen (1994). Kinetics of in situ degradation of formaldehyde with electrogenerated hydrogen peroxide. Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 33(2), 387-394.
Dong, S. and P. K. Dasgupta (1986). On the formaldehyde-bisulfite-hydroxymethanesulfonate equilibrium. Atmospheric Environment (1967), 20(8), 1635-1637.
Eisele, F. L. and D. J. Tanner (1993). Measurement of the gas phase concentration of H2SO4 and methane sulfonic acid and estimates of H2SO4 production and loss in the atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 98(D5), 9001-9010.
Eller, P. M. (1984). NIOSH manual of analytical methods (Vol. 1). US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Physical Sciences and Engineering.
ERIK, P., and V. S. ANDERSEN (1970). The formaldehyde-hydrogen sulphite system in alkaline aqueous solution. Kinetics, mechanisms, and equilibria. Acta Chem. Scand, 24(4).
Ermakov, A. N. (2002). Catalysis of HSO3–/SO32–oxidation by manganese ions. Kinetics and catalysis, 43(2), 249-260.
Fish, B. R. and J. L. Durham (1971). Diffusion coefficient of SO2 in air. Environmental Letters, 2(1), 13-21.
Fujishima, A., T. N. Rao, and D. A. Tryk (2000). Titanium dioxide photocatalysis. Journal of photochemistry and photobiology C: Photochemistry reviews, 1(1), 1-21.
Ghose, M. K. (2004). Emission factors for the quantification of dust in Indian coal mines.
Gmitro, J. I., and Vermeulen, T. (1964). Vapor‐liquid equilibria for aqueous sulfuric acid. AIChE Journal, 10(5), 740-746.
Guo, S., X. Chen, M. Tong, Z. Shen, Y. Zhou, R. Zhang, and J. Lu (2013). The kinetics of oxidation inhibition of magnesium sulfite in the wet flue gas desulphurization process. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, 35(20), 1883-1890.
Gmitro, J. I. and T. Vermeulen (1964). Vapor‐liquid equilibria for aqueous sulfuric acid. AIChE Journal, 10(5), 740-746.
Grinshpun, S. A., K. Willeke, V. Ulevicius, A. Juozaitis, S. Terzieva, J. Donnelly, and K. P. Brenner (1997). Effect of impaction, bounce and reaerosolization on the collection efficiency of impingers. Aerosol Science and Technology, 26(4), 326-342.
Hansen, L. D., B. E. Richter, D. K. Rollins, J. D. Lamb, and D. J. Eatough (1979). Determination of arsenic and sulfur species in environmental samples by ion chromatography. Analytical Chemistry, 51(6), 633-637.
Huie, R. E. and P. Neta (1985). One-electron redox reactions in aqueous solutions of sulfite with hydroquinone and other hydroxyphenols. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 89(18), 3918-3921.
Jain, A. K. (1996). Method 8a–determination of sulfuric acid vapor or mist and sulfur dioxide emissions from Kraft recovery furnaces. National Council of The Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement (Dec. 1996).
Jaworowski, R. J. and S. S. Mack (1979). Evaluation of methods for measurement of S03/H2S04 in flue gas. Journal of the air pollution control association, 29(1), 43-46.
Jones, P., and K. B. Oldham (1963). The theory of the formaldehyde clock reaction. Journal of Chemical Education, 40(7), 366.
Keuken, M. P., C. A. Schoonebeek, A. van Wensveen-Louter, and J. Slanina (1988). Simultaneous sampling of NH3, HNO3, HC1, SO2 and H2O2 in ambient air by a wet annular denuder system. Atmospheric Environment (1967), 22(11), 2541-2548.
Kok, G. L., S. N. Gitlin, and A. L. Lazrus (1986). Kinetics of the formation and decomposition of hydroxymethanesulfonate. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 91(D2), 2801-2804.
Ku, Y. P., C. Yang, G. Y. Lin, and C. J. Tsai (2010). An online parallel-plate wet denuder system for monitoring acetic acid gas. Aerosol and Air Quality Resarch, 10(5), 479-488.
Kulkarni, U. S. and S. G. Dixit (1991). Destruction of phenol from wastewater by oxidation with sulfite-oxygen. Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 30(8), 1916-1920.
Lidong, W., M. Yongliang, Z. Wendi, L. Qiangwei, Z. Yi, and Z. Zhanchao (2013). Macrokinetics of magnesium sulfite oxidation inhibited by ascorbic acid. Journal of hazardous materials, 258, 61-69.
Linek, V. and V. Vacek (1981). Chemical engineering use of catalyzed sulfite oxidation kinetics for the determination of mass transfer characteristics of gas—liquid contactors. Chemical Engineering Science, 36(11), 1747-1768.
Lim, P. K., A. Huss Jr, and C. A. Eckert (1982). Oxidation of aqueous sulfur dioxide. 3. The effects of chelating agents and phenolic antioxidants. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 86(21), 4233-4237.
Lindgren, M., A. Cedergren, and J. Lindberg (1982). Conditions for sulfite stabilization and determination by ion chromatography. Analytica Chimica Acta, 141, 279-286.
Long, B., X. F. Tan, C. R. Chang, W. X. Zhao, Z. W. Long, D. S. Ren, and W. J. Zhang (2013). Theoretical studies on gas-phase reactions of sulfuric acid catalyzed hydrolysis of formaldehyde and formaldehyde with sulfuric acid and H2SO4··· H2O complex. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 117(24), 5106-5116.
Machida, M., K. Norimoto, T. E. Watanabe, K. Hashimoto, and A. Fujishima (1999). The effect of SiO2 addition in super-hydrophilic property of TiO2 photocatalyst. Journal of Materials science, 34(11), 2569-2574.
Maddalone, R. F., S. F. Newton, R. G. Rhudy, and R. M. Statnick (1979). Laboratory and Field Evaluation of the Controlled Condensation System for S03 Measurements in Flue Gas Streams. Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association, 29(6), 626-631.
Meena, V. K., Y. Dhayal, D. S. Rathore, C. P. Singh Chandel, and K. S. Gupta (2017). Inhibition of aquated sulfur dioxide autoxidation by aliphatic, acyclic, aromatic, and heterocyclic volatile organic compounds. International Journal of Chemical Kinetics, 49(4), 221-233.
Michigami, Y. and K. Ueda (1994). Sulphite stabilizer in ion chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A, 663(2), 255-258.
Mo, J. S., Z. B. WU, C. J. CHENG, B. H. GUAN, and W. R. ZHAO (2007). Oxidation inhibition of sulfite in dual alkali flue gas desulfurization system. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 19(2), 226-231.
Moses, C. O., D. K. Nordstrom, and A. L. Mills (1984). Sampling and analysing mixtures of sulphate, sulphite, thiosulphate and polythionate. Talanta, 31(5), 331-339.
Nickling, W. G. and C. M. Neuman (2009). Aeolian sediment transport. In Geomorphology of desert environments (pp. 517-555). Springer, Dordrecht.
Richards, L. W., J. A. Anderson, D. L. Blumenthal, J. A. McDonald, G. L. Kok, and A. L. Lazrus (1983). Hydrogen peroxide and sulfur (IV) in Los Angeles cloud water. Atmospheric Environment (1967), 17(4), 911-914.
Reiner, T. and F. Arnold (1994). Laboratory investigations of gaseous sulfuric acid formation via SO3+ H2O+ M→ H2SO4+ M: Measurement of the rate constant and product identification. The Journal of chemical physics, 101(9), 7399-7407.
Rosman, K., M. Shimmo, A. Karlsson, H. C. Hansson, P. Keronen, A. Allen, and G. Hoenninger (2001). Laboratory and field investigations of a new and simple design for the parallel plate denuder. Atmospheric Environment, 35(31), 5301-5310.
Rochelle, G. T., D. R. Owens, J. C. Chang, and T. G. Bma (1986). Thiosulfate as an oxidation inhibitor in flue gas desulfurization processes: A review of R&D results. Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association, 36(10), 1138-1146.
Seinfeld, J. H. and S. N. Pandis (1998). Atmospheric chemistry and physics: from air pollution to climate change. John Wiley & Sons.
Shen, Z., X. Chen, M. Tong, S. Guo, M. Ni, and J. Lu (2013). Studies on magnesium-based wet flue gas desulfurization process with oxidation inhibition of the byproduct. Fuel, 105, 578-584.
Shen, Z. G., S. P. Guo, W. Z. Kang, K. Zeng, M. Yin, J. Y. Tian, and J. Lu (2013). The kinetics of oxidation inhibition of magnesium sulfite in the wet flue gas desulphurization process. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, 35(20), 1883-1890.
Simon, P. K., P. K. Dasgupta, and Z. Vecera (1991). Wet effluent denuder coupled liquid/ion chromatography systems. Analytical Chemistry, 63(13), 1237-1242.
Simon, P. K. and P. K. Dasgupta (1993). Wet effluent denuder coupled liquid/ion chromatography systems: annular and parallel plate denuders. Analytical Chemistry, 65(9), 1134-1139.
Simon, P. K. and P. K. Dasgupta (1995). Continuous automated measurement of gaseous nitrous and nitric acids and particulate nitrite and nitrate. Environmental science & technology, 29(6), 1534-1541.
Sipos, L. (1998). Inhibition of sulfite oxidation by phenols: Screening antioxidant behavior with a Clark oxygen sensor. Journal of chemical education, 75(12), 1603.
Takeuchi, M., J. Li, K. J. Morris, and P. K. Dasgupta (2004). Membrane-based parallel plate denuder for the collection and removal of soluble atmospheric gases. Analytical chemistry, 76(4), 1204-1210.
Thomas, R. L., V. Dharmarajan, G. L. Lundquist, and P. W. West (1976). Measurement of sulfuric acid aerosol, sulfur trioxide, and the total sulfate content of the ambient air. Analytical chemistry, 48(4), 639-642.)
Tolbert, M. A., J. Pfaff, I. Jayaweera, and M. J. Prather (1993). Uptake of formaldehyde by sulfuric acid solutions: Impact on stratospheric ozone. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 98(D2), 2957-2962.
Tsai, C. J., Lin, Y. G. and S. C. Chen (2008). A parallel plate wet denuder for acidic gas measurement. AIChE journal, 54(8), 2198-2205.
U.S. EPA, AP 42. Fifth Edition, vol. I, Chapter 13, Miscellaneous Sources. 1995.
Wang, L. D., Y. L. Ma, J. M. Hao, and Y. Zhao (2009). Mechanism and kinetics of sulfite oxidation in the presence of ethanol. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 48(9), 4307-4311.
Wang, F., H. Sun, J. Sun, X. Jia, Y. Zhang, Y. Tang, and R. Wang (2010). Mechanistic and kinetic study of CH2O+ O3 reaction. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 114(10), 3516-3522.
WANG, L., W. ZHANG, Y. MA, J. HAO, and G. YUAN (2011). Mechanism and Effect of a Phenol Inhibitor on the Oxidation Kinetics of Magnesium Sulfite. ACTA CHIMICA SINICA, 69(10), 1160-1166.
Wang, Q., Y. Liu, H. Wang, X. Weng, and Z. Wu (2015). Mercury re-emission behaviors in magnesium-based wet flue gas desulfurization process: The effects of oxidation inhibitors. Energy & Fuels, 29(4), 2610-2615.
Weidenauer, M., P. Hoffmann, and K. H. Lieser (1992). Separation and determination of S-anions in very small samples by microbore ion chromatography. Fresenius' journal of analytical chemistry, 342(4-5), 333-336.
Winkelman, J. G. M., M. Ottens, and A. A. C. M. Beenackers (2000). The kinetics of the dehydration of methylene glycol. Chemical Engineering Science, 55(11), 2065-2071.
Zhang, J., P. Zhang, F. Han, G. Chen, L. Zhang, and X. Wei (2008). Hydrogen bonding and interaction in the absorption processes of sulfur dioxide in ethylene glycol+ water binary desulfurization system. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 48(3), 1287-1291.
Zhao, Y. (2005). Effect of inhibitors on macroscopical oxidation kinetics of calcium sulfite. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 17(3), 483-487.
Ziajka, J. and W. Pasiuk-Bronikowska (2003). Autoxidation of sulphur dioxide in the presence of alcohols under conditions related to the tropospheric aqueous phase. Atmospheric Environment, 37(28), 3913-3922.
Zuo, Y. (1994). Light-induced oxidation of bisulfite-aldehyde adducts in real fog water. Naturwissenschaften, 81(11), 505-507.
Zuo, Y. and H. Chen (2003). Simultaneous determination of sulfite, sulfate, and hydroxymethanesulfonate in atmospheric waters by ion-pair HPLC technique. Talanta, 59(5), 875-881.
Zuo, Y. and J. Zhan (2005). Effects of oxalate on Fe-catalyzed photooxidation of dissolved sulfur dioxide in atmospheric water. Atmospheric Environment, 39(1), 27-37.
林冠宇、蔡春進(2005). 一個吸收氣體的平板式濕式分離器 (Doctoral dissertation)。
行政院環境保護署環境檢驗所,(2010),空氣中無機酸類之檢測方法-離子層析電導度法,NIEA A435.71C。
行政院環境保護署環境檢驗所,(2015),排放管道中硫酸液滴檢測方法,NIEA A441.12B。
行政院環境保護署環境檢驗所,(2015),排放管道氫氟酸、鹽酸、硝酸、磷酸及硫酸檢測方法-等速吸引法,NIEA A452.72B。
蔡春進(2004). 提升高科技產業酸鹼廢氣處理系統的處理效率。
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2025-08-13起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2025-08-13起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw