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系統識別號 U0026-2907201609045700
論文名稱(中文) 個人與團隊創意之跨層級研究
論文名稱(英文) Individual and Team Creativity: A Cross-Level Study
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 經營管理碩士學位學程(AMBA)
系所名稱(英) Advanced Master of Business Administration (AMBA)
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 李育璇
研究生(英文) Yu-Hsuan Lee
學號 RD6031010
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 83頁
口試委員 口試委員-李振宇
口試委員-簡俊成
口試委員-楊曉瑩
指導教授-史習安
中文關鍵字 主動性人格  外向性人格  高績效工作系統  自我效能  創意執行  轉換型領導  創新氛圍  團隊創意 
英文關鍵字 Personality  HPWS  Self-efficacy  Creativity  Climate for Innovation 
學科別分類
中文摘要 在產業環境快速變動的情況下,創意成為企業獲得競爭力的方式,如何透過挑選合適的人才或營造合適的團隊氛圍才能夠提升創意執行能力是本研究所欲探討。以個人層級中之主動性人格特質、外向性人格特質及員工主觀認知之高績效工作系統是否能夠透過自我效能增加個人創意執行;再來探討團隊層級中之轉換型領導是否能夠透過創新氛圍增加團隊創意;最後探討團隊層級中之創新氛圍是否能夠跨層級調節自我效能與創意執行之間的關係。

本研究以台灣企業為主,由團隊成員填答,有效回收率為62%,以層級迴歸及階層線性模式驗證研究假說,結果如下:
一、 個人層級之主動性人格特質、外向性人格特質及高績效工作系統皆能正向影響自我效能。
二、 個人層級之自我效能可對創意執行產生正向影響。
三、 團隊層級之轉換型領導可對創新氛圍產生正向影響。
四、 團隊層級之創新氛圍可對團隊創意產生正向影響。
五、 創新氛圍跨層級調節自我效能與創意執行之效果不成立。

本研究貢獻在於分別探討個人層級及團隊層級之創意與創意執行,多數研究聚焦於企業認定之高績效工作系統,本研究檢驗個人主觀認知之高績效工作系統、主動性與外向性人格對自我效能的直接效果與透過自我效能對個人創意執行產生的影響;另外,透過團隊層級研究發現創新氛圍雖無法跨層級調節自我效能與創意執行之間關係,但卻能夠跨層級對個人創意執行產生影響,希望藉此研究能為實務界在招募或經營團隊時帶來實施創意執行的策略。

英文摘要 Creativity has been suggested to be a key factor increasing firm competitiveness nowadays. To understand how selecting or promoting proper employees and managing teams by the influence of climate for innovation to increase the ability of creativity implementation are the purposes of this study.

By examining variables from both individual and team level, data collected from multiple companies in Taiwan shows that individual level’s variables such as proactive personality, extraversion personality and experienced high performance work system were positively related to self-efficacy. Self-efficacy was also positively related to creativity implementation. For team level, transformational leadership was positively related to climate for innovation, and climate for innovation was positively related to team creativity.

However, the cross-level moderating effect of climate for innovation to the relationship between self-efficacy and creativity implementation was not supported. Nevertheless, the cross-level direct effect of climate for innovation to creativity implementation was significant. The results offer insights for firms on how to make proper strategies for creativity generation and implementation by selecting and management in each industry.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究流程與章節架構 4
第二章 文獻回顧 6
第一節 人格特質與自我效能 6
第二節 高績效工作系統與自我效能 12
第三節 自我效能與創意執行 15
第四節 轉換型領導、創新氛圍與團隊創意 17
第五節 創新氛圍調節效果 22
第三章 研究方法 24
第一節 研究架構 24
第二節 研究假設 25
第三節 研究變數 26
第四節 問卷設計 28
第五節 抽樣方法 34
第六節 資料分析方法 35
第四章 實證分析結果 37
第一節 樣本資料分析 37
第二節 信度分析 40
第三節 建構效度分析 46
第四節 驗證性因素分析 49
第五節 相關係數分析 50
第六節 層級迴歸分析 52
第七節 階層線性模式 57
第五章 結論與建議 61
第一節 研究假設結果整理 61
第二節 研究結論 62
第三節 研究貢獻與限制 64
第四節 研究建議 66
參考文獻 69
附錄一 79

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