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系統識別號 U0026-2907201022032400
論文名稱(中文) 應用Open Source GIS於防災教育-以台南縣市颱洪災害為例
論文名稱(英文) Applying Open Source GIS to Disaster Prevention Education – an Example of Typhoon and Flood Disaster in Tainan
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工程科學系專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Engineering Science (on the job class)
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生(中文) 葉永信
研究生(英文) Yung-Hsin Yeh
學號 N9796107
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 78頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃悅民
口試委員-劉建宏
召集委員-楊鎮華
口試委員-陳攸華
口試委員-邱瓊慧
中文關鍵字 防災教育  地理資訊系統  開放原始碼  科技接受模式2 
英文關鍵字 Disaster Prevention Education  GIS  Open Source  Technology Acceptance Model 2 
學科別分類
中文摘要   由於颱風豪雨等自然災害每年對台灣人民的生命財產造成相當大的損失。在本研究當中試圖提出一個不同型態的防災教育系統,期望可以得到更好的學習成效,並為防災教育的領域提供些許成果,以供進一步的探討與研究。在本研究當中以Open Source GIS(OSGIS)結合Google Map做為電子地圖平台,並讓電子地圖與教材中所描述的歷史災情事件連結互動。
  而為了驗證該系統的學習成效與使用者使用意願,在實驗當中設計了教材內容相同,但沒有電子地圖功能的對照系統。以實驗組及對照組防災知識前後測的實驗方式做實驗操作前後成績的比較。並對兩組人實施以科技接受模式2為基礎所設計的系統使用意願問卷調查,最後再使用開放式問項瞭解使用者對系統使用上的感受。
在實驗的結果中顯示,兩組使用者於實驗操作的前後,防災知識測驗成績並無顯著不同;實驗組前後測的成績無顯著不同;對照組前後測的成績亦無顯著不同。而問卷的結果則顯示有四個構面顯著的不同,實驗組的使用者在娛樂性、任務關聯性(Job Relevance)、產出品質(Output Quality),以及效果驗證(Result Demonstrability)上較對照組來得好,且在95%信賴區間下達顯著。但在認知有用性(Perceived Usefulness)、認知易用性(Perceived Ease of Use)、使用態度(Attitude of Use)、使用意圖(Intention to Use),以及主觀印象(Image)等構面上則沒有顯著優於對照組。
  由實驗結果得知,使用者認為使用電子地圖很適合結合防災教育。而且依據產出品質及效果驗證,使用OSGIS所製作的系統,是被使用者所肯定的。儘管仍未能讓使用者有更高的使用意圖,但在娛樂性的問項上較對照組來得更好,顯示使用者對該系統有高度的興趣。在此研究當中使用不需要軟體費用的電子地圖平台,用以減少此類研究與應用的成本,並成功結合它於防災教育系統,讓使用者肯定它的品質以及用途。然而於學習成效上,仍需要進一步研究與改善,以期可以得到更佳的結果。
英文摘要 Natural disasters such as typhoons and torrential rains caused huge property damage to Taiwan people each year. In this study, we’re trying to build a different type of disaster prevention education system and expecting to get better learning effect from it. Besides, we also would like to provide my research result for others to do further study and research. In this study, Open Source GIS (OSGIS) is integrated to Google Map to be electronic map platform. The platform is interacted to historical disaster events in text books, too.
To verify the learning effectiveness and user will, a contrast system without electronic map function is designed in the experiment. We compared the disaster prevention knowledge grades experimental group and control group been tested before and after the experiment, let the two groups accept users’ will survey designed based on Technology Acceptance Model 2, and finally used open response questions to understand users’ feeling about how they feel while using the system.
The experimental result shows that: no obvious difference of disaster prevention knowledge test grades between experiment group and control group exists before and after the experiment; no obvious difference between grades of experimental exists before and after the experiment, and same situation happens to control group. The result of the questionnaire shows obvious difference on following four aspects: entertainment, job relevance, output quality and result demonstrability.
We know that users think electronic map is very suitable to be integrated to disaster prevention by experiment result. And, based on output quality and effectiveness verification, we know that the system built by OSGIS is approved by users. Although we still couldn’t make users will to use the system more, we still see that users are highly interested in using the system for we got better result of the answers experimental group replied to entertaining questions.
We use free electronic map platform in this experiment to reduce the cost and also integrate the platform in disaster prevention education system to make users approve its quality and function. However, if one would like to apply it on studying, he still needs to do further research and improve to the platform to get better results.
論文目次 摘要............................................ I
Abstract........................................II
誌謝........................................... IV
表目錄....................................... VIII
圖目錄......................................... IX
照片目錄........................................ X
第一章緒論...................................... 1
1-1 研究背景與動機.............................. 1
1-2 研究目的與問題.............................. 2
1-3 研究範圍與限制.............................. 4
1-4 論文概述.................................... 4
第二章文獻探討.................................. 7
2-1 防災教育相關研究............................ 7
2-1-1 防災教育的重要性.......................... 7
2-1-2 防災教育系統現況.......................... 8
2-2 地圖輔助學習相關研究....................... 11
2-2-1 地圖輔助教學的優點....................... 11
2-2-2 電子地圖輔助教學現況..................... 13
2-3 地理資訊系統相關研究....................... 14
2-4 科技接受模式2.............................. 17
第三章研究方法................................. 20
3-1 研究設計................................... 20
3-2 研究對象................................... 21
3-3 研究假說................................... 22
3-4 研究工具................................... 23
3-4-1 系統畫面及功能特色....................... 23
3-4-2 教材設計................................. 29
3-4-3 防災知識考題設計......................... 29
3-4-4 系統使用意願問卷設計..................... 31
3-5 實施程序................................... 33
3-6 資料分析方法............................... 37
第四章結果與討論............................... 38
4-1 信效度分析................................. 38
4-2 先備能力與學習成效分析..................... 41
4-2-1 先備能力................................. 41
4-2-2 學習成效分析............................. 44
4-2-3 研究假說驗證............................. 46
4-3 系統使用意願分析及討論..................... 47
4-3-1 使用意願結果分析......................... 47
4-3-2 研究假說驗證............................. 50
4-4 開放式問項結果討論......................... 50
4-4-1 實驗組意見回覆........................... 51
4-4-2 對照組意見回覆........................... 52
第五章結論與建議............................... 55
5-1 結論....................................... 55
5-2 建議....................................... 56
參考文獻....................................... 57
附錄一前測問卷及防災知識考題................... 61
附錄二後測防災知識考題......................... 65
附錄三防災教育系統使用意願問卷................. 67
附錄四實驗組開放式問項回覆意見................. 72
附錄五對照組開放式問項回覆意見................. 75
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