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系統識別號 U0026-2906201100180700
論文名稱(中文) 網球運動對老年人跌倒預防的效益:從Simon Task之大腦相關事件誘發電位來探討
論文名稱(英文) Soft Tennis on the Benefits of Fall Prevention with Older Adults: Approach to the Brain Event-Related Potentials from the Simon Task
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 體育健康與休閒研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 陳振裕
研究生(英文) Chen-Yu Chen
電子信箱 dearlo@hotmail.com
學號 RB697103
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 89頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡佳良
口試委員-潘倩玉
口試委員-張育愷
中文關鍵字 Simon task  身體活動量  軟網運動  跌倒  事件相關電位  老年人 
英文關鍵字 Simon task  physical activity  soft-tennis  fall  event-related potentials 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究目的是使用視覺空間注意力作業:Simon task來比較規律從事軟網運動的高身體活動量老年人和坐式生活的低身體活動量老年人於認知行為與認知電生理表現的差異,進一步探討跌倒預防的效益。首先,使用七日身體活動回憶量表 (Seven-Day Physical Activity Recall;7-d PAR) 將老年人依身體活動量高低分類為運動組 (達高身體活動量且規律性參與軟式網球運動)與控制組(達低身體活動量且沒有參與任何規律性運動),再以簡式智能評估測驗(MMSE,Mini-Mental Status Examination)篩選總分超過24分以上無認知功能受損的老年人(平均年齡66.25±5.16歲) 各20位。接著,個別施予Simon task測驗,並同步收錄大腦事件相關電位。研究結果發現:在行為表現方面,運動組比控制組有較佳的反應時間(F1,38=33.37,p<.01,partial η2=0.47),但反應正確率並無顯著差異;而在認知電生理方面,運動組的N1 (F1,38=11.54,p<.01,partial η2=0.233)、N2 (F1,38=29.58,p<.01,partial η2=0.438)與P3 (F1,38=36.70,p<.01,partial η2=0.491) 潛時比控制組短,P1則未達顯著差異。而各成分波振幅,兩組皆無顯著差異;情境只有P3振幅顯著(F1,38=5.17,p<.05,partial η2=0.12)。本研究發現運動組比控制組的執行控制表現佳,偵測與處理反應衝突表現較有效率,並且刺激分類與刺激評估能力亦比較迅速。另外,結合行為與神經電生理的表現,探討對姿勢控制的影響,可推論規律從事軟網運動對跌倒預防具有正面的效益。因此,規律從事軟網運動的高身體活動量老年人似乎可以改善中樞神經的功能,提高認知行為表現,以降低跌倒的風險。
英文摘要 The aim of the present study was to compare the behavioral and electrophysiological performances between older adults with different levels of physical activity (PA) by using the Simon task. Further, to deliberate the benefits of fall prevention. Firstly, twenty older adults who regularly engage soft-tennis (high PA group) recruited from two exercise clubs and twenty age- and sex-matched older adults with sedentary lifestyle (low PA group) recruited from two communities participated in the experiment. Levels of physical activity were measured using seven-day physical activity recall questionnaire and the cognitive functions were assessed using Mini-Mental State Examination. All subjects with normal cognitive functions and normal or corrected-to-normal vision acuity performed the Simon task and recorded reaction time (RT), accuracy and the event-related potentials (ERPs) simultaneously. Results pointed to no significant differences of accuracy, high PA group had better RT than low PA group (F1,38=33.37,p<.01,partial η2=0.47). N1 (F1,38=11.54,p<.01,partial η2=0.233), N2 (F1,38=29.58,p<.01,partial η2=0.438), P3 (F1,38=36.70,p<.01,partial η2=0.491) had smaller latency observed high PA group than low PA group, but P1 had no significant differences. Amplitudes had no notable differences between groups. Larger P3 amplitude had notable differences between conditions (F1,38=5.17,p<.05,partial η2=0.12). These findings showed high PA group had better executive control functions, detecting and response conflict processing more efficiency. Discrimination and evaluation of stimulus was more rapidly. In addition, the performances of behavior and electrophysiology had impacted on postural control. Therefore, we could inference the benefits of fall prevention was regularly engaging soft-tennis. Accordingly, the older adults who regularly engage soft-tennis can improve CNS function and promote cognition behavior for reducing risks of falling.
論文目次 目錄
中文摘要………………………………………………………………………I
英文摘要………………………………………………………………………II
致謝……………………………………………………………………………IV
目錄……………………………………………………………………………V
表目錄…………………………………………………………………………VIII
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………………IX
第壹章 續論…………………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究背景與動機……………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的……………………………………………………………5
第三節 研究假設……………………………………………………………6
第四節 研究範圍與限制……………………………………………………6
第五節 名詞解釋……………………………………………………………6
第貳章 文獻探討……………………………………………………………9
第一節 老化的介紹…………………………………………………………9
第二節 姿勢控制與認知老化………………………………………………11
第三節 老化與認知表現……………………………………………………14
第四節 運動對認知的影響…………………………………………………16
第五節 網球運動與視覺空間注意力………………………………………19
第六節 跌倒與ERP成分波…………………………………………………21
第七節 Simon task的應用…………………………………………………23
第八節 簡式智能量表與身體活動回憶量表介紹…………………………25
第九節 總結…………………………………………………………………26
第参章 研究方法與步驟……………………………………………………27
第一節 研究架構……………………………………………………………27
第二節 研究對象……………………………………………………………29
第三節 研究工具……………………………………………………………29
第四節 實驗流程……………………………………………………………32
4-1 研究參與者篩選………………………………………………………32
4-2 施測順序………………………………………………………………32
4-3 實驗情境介紹…………………………………………………………32
4-4 視覺空間注意力實驗設計……………………………………………33
4-5 腦波資料收集…………………………………………………………37
第五節 資料處理與分析……………………………………………………37
第肆章 研究結果……………………………………………………………39
第一節 研究參與者基本資料………………………………………………39
第二節 研究參與者之行為表現資料………………………………………41
第三節 事件相關電位表現…………………………………………………43
第伍章 討論…………………………………………………………………53
第一節 研究參與者基本資料………………………………………………53
第二節 研究參與者之行為表現探討………………………………………53
第三節 事件相關電位………………………………………………………56
第陸章 結論與建議…………………………………………………………66
第一節 結論…………………………………………………………………66
第二節 未來建議……………………………………………………………66
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………67
附錄一 研究參與者基本資料表……………………………………………85
附錄二 研究參與者同意書…………………………………………………86
附錄三 簡式智能量表………………………………………………………87
附錄四 七日身體活動回憶調查表…………………………………………88
參考文獻 中文部份:
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3.郭乃文、劉秀枝、王珮芳、廖光淦、甄瑞興、林恭平、陳祖裕、徐道昌(1988)。「簡短式智能評估」之中文施測與常模建立。復健醫學雜誌,16,52-59。
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