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系統識別號 U0026-2901201317395500
論文名稱(中文) 睡眠片斷化對錯誤相關腦電波及錯誤後行為調整的影響
論文名稱(英文) Effects of Sleep Fragmentation on Error-Related Brain Potentials and Post-error Behavioral Adjustments
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 心理學系認知科學碩士班
系所名稱(英) MS in Cognitive Science
學年度 101
學期 1
出版年 102
研究生(中文) 方雅玟
研究生(英文) Ya-Wen Fang
學號 u76991081
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 60頁
口試委員 共同指導教授-蔡玲玲
召集委員-蕭富仁
指導教授-謝淑蘭
中文關鍵字 睡眠中斷  腦波覺醒  白日睏睡  錯誤監控系統 
英文關鍵字 Sleep disruption  EEG arousal  Daytime sleepiness  Error monitoring system 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究的主要目的是藉由行為與事件相關腦電波(event-related brain potential, ERP)證據如錯誤相關負波(error related negativity, ERN)和錯誤正波(error positivity, Pe)來探討睡眠片斷化對錯誤監控運作(error monitoring)的影響,包括對錯誤偵測(error detection;由ERN振幅代表)、錯誤知覺(error awareness;由Pe振幅代表)及錯誤反應後行為調整(post-error behavioral adjustments)的影響。共有14位實驗參與者,7位男性、7位女性,年齡介於20-23歲參與實驗。每位實驗參與者分別在低睡眠干擾與高睡眠干擾後進行箭頭版的旁側夾擊作業(flanker task)並同時記錄腦波訊號(electroencephalogram, EEG)。行為實驗結果發現:實驗參與者在整晚高睡眠干擾後呈現錯誤後行為調整的弱化。ERP結果顯示:高睡眠干擾後ERN振幅不受影響,而Pe振幅顯著變小。相關分析結果顯示:兩種睡眠干擾情境下睡眠第一期總量差異、腦波覺醒指數差異分別和Pe振幅差異呈負相關;而睡眠第三期總量差異則和Pe振幅差異呈正相關。綜上所述,睡眠片斷化對錯誤知覺歷程的弱化可能涉及腦波覺醒和睡眠階段的改變。未來可針對不同睡眠階段如何影響錯誤監控運作做更進一步的探討和釐清。
英文摘要 In the present study, we used the flanker task and the event-related brain potential (ERP) recording technique to explore the effect of sleep fragmentation on error monitoring, including error detection (indicated by the ERP component, error-related negativity, ERN), error awareness (reflected by the ERP component, error positivity, Pe) and post-error behavioral adjustments. A total of fourteen participants (seven women, seven men) with age ranging from 20-23 years completed the experiment. All participants performed an arrow version of flanker task and underwent electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings after a low sleep fragmentation (LSF) night and a high sleep fragmentation (HSF) night. The behavioral data show: HSF reduced post-error behavioral adjustments. The ERP data show: the amplitude of the Pe was significantly reduced following HSF night, but the ERN amplitude was not significantly changed. The amount of N1 sleep and arousal differences between the two sleep fragmentation conditions was negatively correlated with Pe amplitude differences, i.e., the more N1 sleep and arousal increased in the HSF night, the more Pe amplitude was reduced. By contrast, the amount of N3 sleep differences between the two sleep fragmentation conditions was positively correlated with Pe amplitude differences, i.e., the more N3 sleep was decreased in the HSF night, the more Pe amplitude was reduced. Taken together, these results suggest that sleep fragmentation weakened error awareness and post-error behavioral adjustments and these effects might be related to changes in sleep structure. Further researches are needed to verify which sleep stages are functionally related to error monitoring.
論文目次 中文摘要﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒i
英文摘要﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒ii
誌謝﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒iv
表目錄﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒vii
圖目錄﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒ix
第一章 緒論﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒1
事件相關腦電波與錯誤監控歷程﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒1
錯誤後行為調整﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒3
大腦活動與錯誤後行為調整﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒6
睡眠剝奪對錯誤監控歷程的影響﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒7
睡眠片斷化與相關研究﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒8
研究目的、假設與預期結果﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒11
第二章 研究方法﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒13
實驗參與者篩選﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒13
實驗參與者﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒15
實驗程序﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒16
認知作業﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒20
ERP記錄﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒23
皮質醇收集與分析﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒23
資料分析﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒23
第三章 結果﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒27
睡眠日誌﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒27
整夜睡眠紀錄﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒27
腦波覺醒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒29
自我評估﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒32
認知作業表現﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒33
ERP資料﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒39
腦波頻譜資料﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒42
相關分析﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒46
第四章 討論﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒48
睡眠片斷化實驗操弄效果的探討﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒48
睡眠片斷化對白日睏睡度與認知功能的影響﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒48
研究限制﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒51
結論﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒﹒52
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