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系統識別號 U0026-2901201215295800
論文名稱(中文) 伊恩•麥克伊旺《星期六》中的主體形塑、醫療凝視與當代管理
論文名稱(英文) The Subject Formation, The Medical Gaze, and Modern Governmentality in Ian McEwan’s Saturday
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 外國語文學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Foreign Languages & Literature
學年度 100
學期 1
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 劉星宇
研究生(英文) Robert Dustin Florence
學號 K26987041
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 118頁
口試委員 指導教授-賴俊雄
口試委員-張淑麗
口試委員-廖培真
中文關鍵字 伊恩.麥克尤恩  星期六  米歇爾.傅柯  茱蒂斯.巴特勒  主體形成  醫療凝視  9-11  權力/知識  治理性  敘述者觀點 
英文關鍵字 Ian McEwan  Saturday  Michel Foucault  Judith Butler  subject formation  medical gaze  “9/11”  power/knowledge  governmentality  narrative point of view 
學科別分類
中文摘要 摘要
本論文試圖探討英國作家伊恩.麥克尤恩(Ian McEwan)《星期六》(Saturday)中,當代人類是如何被醫療論述/凝視(medical discourse/gaze)所建構以及在這樣的論述中,主體的形成(subject formation)又面臨到怎樣的限制。小說中,透過醫生主角Henry的視角,當代的狀況(the contemporary condition)呈現一種病態/不安﹔各角色的心境惶惶不安,而他們所處在的當代民族國家亦病得厭厭一息。主體在社會中的地位、專業醫療訓練下的凝視、以及當代政權力的宰制,在在促成了這病態的狀態。多數評論家指出《星期六》當中權力失衡的問題,但尚未有人為文探討在這些權利網絡中,醫學論述對當代主體的形成,究竟是扮演何種角色。本文將以米歇爾.傅柯(Michael Foucault)早期考古學作品《臨床醫學的誕生》(The Birth of the Clinic)中對醫學凝視的分析,試圖對於《星期六》這本小說作為人類回歸自由主體這樣的詮釋提出質疑。傅柯對於權力/知識之於主體形成的網絡分析提供了解讀小說中內部紛爭和全球議題(國內/國際衝突)之連結的理論背景。此外,在當代時事的框架下,茱蒂斯.巴特勒對傅柯的治理性(governmentality)的解讀更令讀者了解到醫療工作者其實是在治理性的機構下,宰制個體的嘍囉。末了,本文指向在醫療政權力的牽絆,與主體持續自由之間的矛盾,質疑國家的未來該何去何從。
英文摘要 Abstract
The purpose of this thesis is to explore how contemporary man is constructed by medical discourse (gaze) and the limits of such a subject formation in Ian McEwan’s Saturday. The contemporary condition is seen as a dis-eased state by the doctor protagonist. The characters’ states of being are not at ease and the modern nation state in which they live is also diseased. The diseased state is formed through the subject’s position in society, the effects of professional training resulting in the medical gaze, and the domination of the modern governmental power. Although critics have recognized the power imbalances in the novel, none have analyzed these power networks by focusing on medical discourse’s role in the formation of the modern subject. Using Foucault’s analysis of the medical gaze, laid out in his early archeological work The Birth of the Clinic among others, it is possible to problematize a simplistic reading of McEwan’s novel as supporting a return to the free subject. Foucault’s analysis of the various power/knowledge networks that form a subject offers a technique for discovering new connections between the domestic conflicts and the global issues that lie in the background of the novel. Foucault’s theory of governmentality, updated for the contemporary context by Judith Butler, further provides a way to understand how the medical practitioner is an official of governmentality who subjugates others. Finally, this paper questions the future of the state, pointing towards contradictions between the nexus of medical and governmental power and the continued freedom of the subject.
論文目次 Table of Contents

1. Introduction………………………………………………………1
2. Chapter One: Foucault’s Subject……………………………….19
3. Chapter Two: The Doctoral Subject’s Disease…………………34
4. Chapter Three: The Diseased Gaze and Discourse…………….56
5. Chapter Four: Governmentality of the Diseased State…………82
6. Conclusion…………………………………………………….104
7. Works Cited…………………………………………………...114
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