進階搜尋


   電子論文尚未授權公開,紙本請查館藏目錄
(※如查詢不到或館藏狀況顯示「閉架不公開」,表示該本論文不在書庫,無法取用。)
系統識別號 U0026-2808201823363000
論文名稱(中文) 臺灣漁業資源保育區劃設與管理制度研究
論文名稱(英文) A Study of Planning and Management Institution of Fishery Resource Conservation Zones in Taiwan
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 海洋科技與事務研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Ocean Technology and Marine Affairs
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 吳禾翌芠
研究生(英文) Yi-Wen Wu
學號 NA6051011
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 92頁
口試委員 指導教授-張懿
口試委員-劉大綱
口試委員-藍國瑋
中文關鍵字 海洋保護區  漁業資源保育區  劃設與管理 
英文關鍵字 marine protected area  fishery resource conservation zones  planning and management 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究旨在提出適宜臺灣漁業資源保育區劃設與管理之制度,藉由文獻回顧探討菲律賓海洋保護區法制及臺灣漁業資源保育區發展現況,最後提出結論與建議,期盼有助強化我國海洋保育措施。結果摘要如下:
一、 臺灣海洋保育管理政策與實務中,劃設漁業資源保育區是最重要且有效的手段。在前置作業調查上及後續監測事項上都較為簡單、容易且迅速。在經費使用上也較為經濟實惠。如若與當地居民配合得宜將是臺灣海洋保育政策中極為有效的措施。
二、 臺灣漁業資源保育區存在著許多缺失,如劃設之初資料收集不足就貿然劃設、資訊傳達推廣不足、執法能力有限無法強力執行、監測與評估無法長期連續之問題及管理計畫不周全等,若不加以改善,保育區效益將會大大減低。
三、 欲成為具有效益之漁業資源保育區,我國漁業資源保育區應具備下列七項標準:進行持續性的監測與評估、資金的投入、公眾參與、資訊、教育及溝通的宣達、執法能力的加強及協助、基礎設施的建置與維護,最後則是適應性的管理模式。
四、 建立漁業資源保育區劃設與管理策略應規劃三階段行動方案:(1)初步行動:優先依據漁業法劃設漁業資源保育區,地方政府主導公眾參與,向中央政府爭取預算;(2)逐步加強:保育區設置完成後,成立巡守隊配合海巡署進行執法工作,成立通報平台,建立共同管理機制提升保育效益;(3)永續經營:編列常態監測預算,利用經營管理工具評鑑保育區效益,不足之處反饋修訂管理計畫,達到適應與永續管理目標。
英文摘要 In Taiwan's marine conservation management policies and practices, the designation of fishery resource conservation zones is the most important and effective means. However, there are still many shortcomings in the policies utilized. In order to create a profitable fishery resource conservation zone, the following seven criteria should be met: continuous monitoring and evaluation, funding, public participation, information, education and communication, enforcement capabilities with the establishment and maintenance of infrastructure, and the adaptive management model. A fishery resource conservation zone design and management strategy should include a three-phase action plan. The first phase, preliminary action, states that priority is given to the fishery resource conservation zone according to the Fisheries Law while local governments lead public participation and seek funding from the central government. The next phase gradually strengthens, indicates that after the establishment of the fishery resource conservation zone, the patrol team will cooperate with the patrol department to carry out law enforcement, establish a notification platform, and create a common management mechanism to enhance the benefits of conservation. The third phase, perpetual management, involves setting up a routine monitoring budget and using the management tools to evaluate the conservation area. These tools include benefits, deficiencies feedback, and a revision management plan to achieve adaptation and sustainable management goals.
論文目次 摘 要 I
Extended Abstract II
誌 謝 VI
目 錄 VII
表目錄 IX
圖目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的與背景 2
1.3 研究方法 3
1.4 論文架構 4
第二章 臺灣漁業資源保育區概述 6
2.1 漁業資源保育區之定義 6
2.2 臺灣海洋保護區發展現況 18
2.3 臺灣漁業資源保育區劃設優勢 24
第三章 漁業資源保育區制度建立 26
3.1 國際上漁業資源保育區劃設制度與管理評估制度 26
3.2 臺灣漁業資源保育區劃設與管理法規制度 48
3.3 小結 59
第四章 臺灣漁業資源保育區劃設與管理制度 60
4.1 選擇標準之案例分析 62
4.2 綜合其成功因素及檢驗選擇標準 67
4.3 臺灣漁業資源保育區健檢結果 72
第五章 結論與建議 80
5.1 結論 80
5.2 建議 83
參考文獻 85
參考文獻 中文文獻
中華民國綠野生態保育協會. (2017). 辦理海岸資源調查第二期計畫期末報告書. 網址https://www.cpami.gov.tw/filesys/file/chinese/dept/rp5/rp1061212-7.pdf (2018.04.01造訪)
內政部. (2013). 區域計畫之直轄市縣(市)海域管轄範圍.網址 https://www.cpami.gov.tw/filesys/file/chinese/dept/rp2/rp1051019.pdf.(2018.04.01造訪)
內政部.(2017). 整體海岸管理計畫.網址https://www.cpami.gov.tw/filesys/file/Chinese/dept/rp3/rp1060206.pdf. (2018.04.01造訪)
行政院海洋事務推動委員會. (2006). 海洋政策白皮書,行政院研究發展考核委員會,199頁.
行政院國家永續發展委員會. (2009). 永續發展政策綱領,行政院國家永續發展委員會,臺北市.
行政院國家永續發展委員會. (2017). 臺灣永續發展目標草案.
何烱榮. (2010). 漁民濫採捕 蝦猴快消失了. 聯合報.
李佩娟. (2013). 臺灣漁業保育措施轉型為海洋保護區之可行性研究. (碩士), 國立臺灣海洋大學, 基隆市.
邱文彥. (2003). 海岸管理: 理論與實務, 國立編譯館審定, 五南圖書出版公司印行.
邵廣昭. (2004). 海洋保護區在漁業資源永續利用方面的國際趨勢. 國際農業科技新知(23), 18-24.

邵廣昭. (2011). 漁業資源保育區及稀有物種之調查及規劃. (100農科-8.5.2-漁-F1(3) ). 行政院農業委員會科技部.
邵廣昭. (2012). 漁業資源保育區及稀有物種之調查及規劃. (101農科-11.2.2-漁-F1(3) ). 行政院農業委員會科技部.
邵廣昭. (2014a). 我國海洋保護區的現況與挑戰. 海洋事務與政策評論, 3(1), 107-124. doi:10.6546/mapr.2014.3(1)107
邵廣昭. (2014b). 「海洋保護區」與「生態系的漁業管理」. 發表於 第三屆海洋與臺灣研討會, 臺北.
邵廣昭, & 賴昆祺. (2011). 台灣海洋保護區的現況與挑戰. 海洋事務與政策評論(創刊號), 65-90. doi:10.6546/mapr.2011.0(0)65
施能超. (2015). 觀摩台東杉原海域富山保育區,交流保育現況及經驗分享. 彰化漁訊潮間帶雙月刊, 107.
施義哲. (2002). 我國海洋保護區政策─其必要性與加拿大海洋法相關規定之比較研究. (碩士), 國立中山大學, 高雄市.
莊慶達. (2008). 國際海洋保護區的劃設與管理. 行政院農業委員會 97 年度主要國家農業政策與發展趨勢之研究計畫報告, 70-84.
莊慶達, 李健全, 游乾賜, 黃向文, & 碧菡. (2013). 海洋事務概論: 台灣五南圖書出版股份有限公司.
陳金陵. (2006). 我國漁業資源保育區規劃與管理之研究. (碩士), 國立臺灣海洋大學, 基隆市.
黃向文, 廖君珮, 古麥福音, 宋佩軒, 許寧君, 蔡秋晨, . . . 周佳儀. (2016). 臺灣海洋保護區管理之探討-以東南亞國家為借鏡. 航運季刊, 25(1), 27-52.
劉文宏. (2011). 臺灣海洋保護區管理體制之研究. 行政院國家科學委員會補助專題之研究計畫,臺北.
歐慶賢. (2004). 現行漁業資源保育區生物多樣性之調查研究. (93農科-9.1.1-漁-F2(4) ). 行政院農業委員會科技部.
蔡文正. (2013). 保育有成 螻蛄蝦保護區再擴增. 自由時報. 網址 http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/local/paper/729634 (2018.04.01造訪)
蔡日耀. (2009). 出席大西洋鮪類資源保育委員會(ICCAT). 第16屆特別會議報告.
蔡民豪. (2013). 富山漁業資源保育區環境行動之研究. (碩士), 國立臺東大學, 台東縣.
蔡馥嚀. (2016). 望海巷潮境海灣資源保育區. 發表於 第四屆海洋與臺灣研討會, 臺北.
鄭又華. (2013). 農業環境教育-漁業資源保育區. 農政與農情, 257.
蘇茂林, & 彭利. (2011). 制度的定義及特徵. 福建黨史月刊, 2011(2B), 42-43.

英文文獻
Agardy, T., Bridgewater, P., Crosby, M. P., Day, J., Dayton, P. K., Kenchington, R., . . . Parks, J. E. (2003). Dangerous targets? Unresolved issues and ideological clashes around marine protected areas. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 13(4), 353-367.
Bishop, K., Dudley, N., Phillips, A., & S.Stolton. (2004). Speaking a common language:use and performance of the IUCN system of management categories for protected areas. IUCN, Gland,Switzerland, 134-137.
BOBLME. (2015). Report of the training workshop on MPA Management Effectiveness Assessment Tool (MEAT). 27-29 April 2015, Dhaka, Bangladesh. BOBLME-2015-Ecology-11.
Brooks, J. S., Waylen, K. A., & Borgerhoff Mulder, M. (2012). How national context, project design, and local community characteristics influence success in community-based conservation projects. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 109(52), 21265-21270. doi:10.1073/pnas.1207141110
Burke, L. M., Selig, E., & Spalding, M. (2002). Reefs at Risk in Southeast Asia: World Resources Institute.
Cabral, R., Aliño, P. M., Balingit, A. C. M., Alis, C. M., Arceo, H., & Nañola Jr, C. (2014). The Philippine marine protected area (MPA) database (Vol. 7).
Carpenter, K. E., & Springer, V. G. (2005). The center of the center of marine shore fish biodiversity: the Philippine Islands. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 72(4), 467-480. doi:10.1007/s10641-004-3154-4
CBD. (2010). Aichi Biodiversity Targets. Retrieved from https://www.cbd.int/sp/targets/ (accessed 28 March, 2018)

Chaigneau, T., & Brown, K. (2016). Challenging the win-win discourse on conservation and development: analyzing support for marine protected areas. Ecology and Society, 21(1). doi:Artn 3610.5751/Es-08204-210136
Chirico, A. A. D., McClanahan, T. R., & Eklof, J. S. (2017). Community- and government-managed marine protected areas increase fish size, biomass and potential value. PLoS One, 12(8), e0182342. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0182342
Cruz-Trinidad, A., Aliño, P. M., Geronimo, R. C., & Cabral, R. B. (2014). Linking food security with coral reefs and fisheries in the Coral Triangle. Coastal Management, 42(2), 160-182.
CTI-CFF. (2009). National Plan of Action: Philippines. Retrieved from http://www.coraltriangleinitiative.org/library/national-plan-action-philippines (accessed 28 March, 2018)
CTI-NCC, P. (2011). Marine Protected Area Management Effectiveness Assessment Tool. Retrieved from http://www.coraltriangleinitiative.org/library/toolkit-marine-protected-area-management-effectiveness-assessment-tool-february-2011
(accessed 28 March, 2018)
CTI. (2013). Benchmarking MPA performance towards promoting effective management Retrieved from http://coraltriangleinitiative.org/sites/default/files/resources/44_Benchmarking%20MPA%20performance%20towards%20promoting%20effective%20management.pdf (accessed 28 March, 2018)
Day, J., Dudley, N., Hockings, M., Holmes, G., Laffoley, D. d. A., Stolton, S., & Wells, S. M. (2012). Guidelines for applying the IUCN protected area management categories to marine protected areas: IUCN.
DENR, D.-B. (2001). DILG (Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Department of Agriculture—Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, and Department of the Interior and Local Government). Philippine coastal management guidebook series (8 volumes), 2.
Di Franco, A., Thiriet, P., Di Carlo, G., Dimitriadis, C., Francour, P., Gutierrez, N. L., . . . Guidetti, P. (2016). Five key attributes can increase marine protected areas performance for small-scale fisheries management. Sci Rep, 6, 38135. doi:10.1038/srep38135
Dudley, N. (2008). Guidelines for applying protected area management categories: IUCN.
Edgar, G. J., Stuart-Smith, R. D., Willis, T. J., Kininmonth, S., Baker, S. C., Banks, S., . . . Thomson, R. J. (2014). Global conservation outcomes depend on marine protected areas with five key features. Nature, 506(7487), 216-220. doi:10.1038/nature13022
FAO. (2011). About MPAs. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/topic/4400/en (accessed 28 March, 2018)
FAO. (2014). FAO Yearbook-Fisheries and Aquaculture Statistics, 2012,FAO, Rome. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3740t.pdf
(accessed 28 March, 2018)
FAO. (2016). (pp. 200). Rome.
Guidetti, P., & Claudet, J. (2010). Comanagement practices enhance fisheries in marine protected areas. Conserv Biol, 24(1), 312-318. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01358.x
Hocking, M., Stolton, S., & Dudley, N. (2000). Evaluating Effectiveness: A framework for Assessing the Management of Protected Areas. IUCN (WCPA), Gland.
Hockings, M., Dudley, N., MacKinnon, K., Whitten, T., & Leverington, F. (2003). Reporting progress in protected areas: A site-level management effectiveness tracking tool. World Bank/WWF Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable.

IUCN. (1976). An International Conference on Marine Parks and Reserves: Papers and Proceedings. Tokyo, Japan, 12–14,1975. IUCN Publications. New Series 37 IUCN: Morges, Switzerland; 15–59.
IUCN. (1988). 17th Session of the General Assembly of IUCN and 17th UICN Technical Meeting: San José, Costa Rica, 1-10 February 1988 : Proceedings: IUCN.
IUCN. (1994). Guidelines for Protected Area Management Categories. IUCN, Switzerland.261 pp.
IUCN. (2014). A strategy of innovative approaches and recommendations to enhance implementation of marine conservation in the next decade. Retrieved from http://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/promise_of_sydney_theme_marine.pdf (accessed 28 March, 2018)
Klein, C. J., Chan, A., Kircher, L., Cundiff, A. J., Gardner, N., Hrovat, Y., . . . Airame, S. (2008). Striking a balance between biodiversity conservation and socioeconomic viability in the design of marine protected areas. Conserv Biol, 22(3), 691-700. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.00896.x
Miclat, E., & Ingles, J. (2004). Standardized terms and definitions for use in marine protected area management in the Philippines. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the Workshop Toward the Formulation of the Philippine Marine Sanctuary Strategy.
North, D. (1990). Institutions,Institutional Change and Economic Performance: Cambridge Univ Pr.
Pajaro, M., Olano, F., & San Juan, B. (1999). Documentation and review of marine protected areas in the Philippines: A preliminary report. Haribon Foundation for the Conservation of Natural Resources. Metro Manila, Philippines.
Philippine MPA Database. (2018). Retrieved from https://database.mpasupportnetwork.org/mpa/lmpa/241/
(accessed 28 March, 2018)
Philippines, R. o. t. (1992). Republic Act No. 7586. Retrieved from https://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1992/ra_7586_1992.html
(accessed 28 March, 2018)
Roberts, C. M., McClean, C. J., Veron, J. E., Hawkins, J. P., Allen, G. R., McAllister, D. E., . . . Werner, T. B. (2002). Marine biodiversity hotspots and conservation priorities for tropical reefs. Science, 295(5558), 1280-1284. doi:10.1126/science.1067728
Spalding, M., Ravilious, C., & Green, E. P. (2001). World atlas of coral reefs: Univ of California Press.
Stolton, S., Hockings, M., Dudley, N., MacKinnon, K., Whitten, T., & Leverington, F. (2007). Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT). Protected Area Management Effectiveness Assessments in Europe, 15.
UNEP-WCMC, I. a. (2018). The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA),UNEPWCMC. Retrieved from https://www.protectedplanet.net/country/TW (accessed 28 March, 2018)
WEEKS, R., RUSS, G. R., ALCALA, A. C., & WHITE, A. T. (2010). Effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas in the Philippines for Biodiversity Conservation. Conservation Biology, 24(2), 531-540. doi:doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01340.x
White, A. T., Aliño, P. M., & Meneses, A. B. T. (2006). Creating and managing marine protected areas in the Philippines.
Worm, B., Hilborn, R., Baum, J. K., Branch, T. A., Collie, J. S., Costello, C., . . . Jennings, S. (2009). Rebuilding global fisheries. Science, 325(5940), 578-585.
Zacharias, M. (2014). Marine policy: an introduction to governance and international law of the oceans: Routledge.
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2020-08-01起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2020-08-01起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw