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系統識別號 U0026-2808201715000100
論文名稱(中文) 以個人特質與從眾行為探討網路霸凌旁觀者之行為傾向
論文名稱(英文) The Impact of Individual Attributes and Conformity on Bystander Behavioral Intentions for Cyberbullying
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 教育研究所
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Education
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 劉正杰
研究生(英文) Zheng-Jie Liu
學號 U36044098
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 106頁
口試委員 指導教授-董旭英
口試委員-陸偉明
口試委員-張楓明
中文關鍵字 網路霸凌  旁觀者行為傾向  同儕關係  從眾行為  認知同理心 
英文關鍵字 cyberbullying  bystander behavioral intentions  peer relationships  conformity  cognitive empathy 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究以「旁觀者」(bystander)角度切入,探討個人特質、從眾行為對網路霸凌行為之影響。綜觀過往實徵研究,網路行為受到個體人際互動關係與情感認知能力影響,社會影響亦是個體抉擇網路行為的條件之一。因此,本研究採「同儕關係」、「從眾行為」與「認知同理心」三個因素探討網路霸凌旁觀者的行為傾向,以自陳問卷調查法方式,選取台南市12所國民中學學生共884名為研究對象,採用PLS(Partial Least Squares)結構方程模型進行統計分析。主要研究結果發現國中生的負向同儕關係、高從眾傾向與低程度認知同理心與助長網路霸凌行為有關。國中生的正向同儕關係、高從眾傾向與高程度認知同理心可有效預測旁觀者之保護行為。局外者的行為與正向同儕關係與低認知同理心有關。性別在從眾行為與保護者模型上有顯著差異。本研究依據結果進行討論,提供教學實務現場與未來網路霸凌研究之建議。
英文摘要 The purpose of this study was to investigate bystander behavioral intentions when adolescents witnessed cyberbullying. Self-reported data were collected from 884 junior high school students in Taiwan. The results indicated that adolescents who had negative peer relationships, higher conformity and lower levels of cognitive empathy were more likely to join in cyberbullying as facilitator. Adolescents were more likely be a defender to help the victims with positive peer relationships, lower conformity and higher levels of cognitive empathy. Outsider was related to positive peer relationship and lower levels of cognitive empathy. In addition, girls who had higher conformity than boys would less likely to help the victims. The implications of this research on cyberbullying are discussed.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
表目錄 XI
圖目錄 XII
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 名詞釋義 4
第二章 文獻探討 7
第一節 網路霸凌與旁觀者角色之內涵 7
第二節 同儕關係對網路霸凌旁觀者行為傾向之影響 15
第三節 從眾行為對網路霸凌旁觀者行為傾向之影響 19
第四節 認知同理心對網路霸凌旁觀者行為傾向之影響 22
第五節 同儕關係、從眾行為與認知同理心對網路霸凌旁觀者行為傾向之影響 26
第三章 研究方法 29
第一節 研究分析架構 29
第二節 研究問題與假設 31
第三節 研究參與者 33
第四節 研究工具與變項測量 35
第五節 結構方程模型 51
第六節 資料處理與統計分析方法 52
第四章 研究結果 54
第一節 基本描述性統計分析 54
第二節 測量模型之信效度分析 59
第三節 結構模型之路徑分析 63
第四節 性別多群組比較 67
第五章 討論、結論與建議 68
第一節 討論 68
第二節 結論 75
第三節 建議 77
參考文獻 81
附錄一:變項指標與題目敘述之對照表 97
附錄二:國中生個人生活狀況問卷 101
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