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系統識別號 U0026-2808201503243800
論文名稱(中文) 專案趕工之時間、成本與安全的權衡分析
論文名稱(英文) Time, Cost and Safety Trade-off Analysis of Project Compression
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 邱瑋民
研究生(英文) Wei-Min Chiu
學號 N66024519
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 119頁
口試委員 指導教授-潘南飛
口試委員-鄭明淵
口試委員-謝孟勳
中文關鍵字 時間-成本-安全權衡  多目標最佳化  專案趕工  模糊數學規劃  施工安全性 
英文關鍵字 Time-cost-safety Trade-off  Multi-objective Optimization  Project Crashing  Fuzzy Mathematical Programming  Construction Safety Performance 
學科別分類
中文摘要 營建工程若無法於預定期限內完工,承包商需要執行適當的趕工計畫提升施工進度。惟執行趕工計畫可能導致成本增加、品質下降、施工安全性降低等潛在問題。因此,針對營建專案之趕工計畫,如何兼顧縮短工期、運用有限經費預算,以及維持施工安全性,此為承包商必須要重視的問題。

本研究提出專案趕工之時間、成本與安全的權衡模式分析趕工問題,其可分為明確型與模糊型趕工模式,前者係以意外嚴重率與安全投資之線性迴歸式評量施工安全性,後者係以專家主觀判斷,並加入模糊理論來分析不確定的施工安全性。另外,本研究以非線性之二次曲線來分析工期與直接成本之間的關係。針對模糊型趕工模式,各作業直接成本之二次函數的係數以三角模糊數來表示,其係用來分析專案趕工期間所面臨的不確定性之趕工成本。

最後,本研究使用兩個案例分析來驗證明確型與模糊型趕工模式之可應用性,以期達到專案趕工期間之節省成本、縮短工期,以及維持施工安全的管理目標。
英文摘要 If construction projects can’t be implemented on schedule, contractors need to execute the reasonable catch-up plan so as to accelerate the construction progress. However, project crashing may result in increasing costs, reduction of quality, loss of construction safety performance, and so on. Consequently, for construction projects with catch-up plan, how to give consideration to crash duration, crash costs, budget constraints, and construction safety performance simultaneously to obtain the optimal solution for each activity, which is the problem the contractors must value.

In this research, we propose the multi-objective optimization models for time, cost and safety trade-off analysis. The proposed models can be categorized into the deterministic type and the fuzzy type. For the deterministic project crashing model, the assessments of construction safety are based on the linear regression analysis with safety investment predicting accident severity rate. On the other hand, for the fuzzy project crashing model, we use experts subjectively judgement with fuzzy theory to evaluate the construction safety performance. Also, the nonlinear quadratic functions are used to analyze the relationship between duration and direct costs. And for the fuzzy project crashing model, we use triangular fuzzy numbers to represent the coefficient of quadratic function for direct costs, which can address the uncertain project costs on project compression. Finally, two case studies are implemented to demonstrate the applications of the deterministic project crashing model and the fuzzy one respectively.
論文目次 摘要 I
Extended Abstract II
誌謝 VII
目錄 IX
表目錄 XI
圖目錄 XIII
第一章 緒論 15
1.1 研究背景與動機 15
1.2 研究目的 17
1.3 研究範圍與限制 18
1.4 研究流程 19
第二章 文獻回顧 21
2.1 時間與成本權衡分析 21
2.2 營建專案趕工計畫 24
2.3 營建施工安全 25
2.4 非線性成本函數 26
2.5 模糊數學規劃 28
第三章 研究方法之背景 31
3.1 安全投資與施工安全之迴歸模型 31
3.2 時間、成本與施工安全之趕工權衡模式 33
3.3 非線性離散型之時間與成本權衡問題 35
3.4 可能性規劃 37
第四章 模型之建立 40
4.1 確定型非趕工模式 40
4.2 確定型趕工模式 42
4.2.1 工期、成本與安全之多目標權衡模式 42
4.2.2 工期與成本之雙目標模式 45
4.2.3 成本與安全之雙目標模式 47
4.2.4 以目標規劃法分析趕工問題 50
4.2.5 以ε-限制法分析趕工問題 51
4.3 模糊型趕工模式 56
第五章 案例分析與探討 62
5.1 趕工問題─案例一 62
5.1.1 非趕工情況 66
5.1.2 明確型趕工情況 70
5.2 趕工問題─案例二 97
5.2.1 模糊型趕工情況 110
第六章 結論與建議 113
6.1 結論 113
6.2 後續研究建議 114
參考文獻 115
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