Compared to Japan, Singapore and Hong Kong, the public housing policy and system in Taiwan are both significantly inferior to those of the advanced countries. To protect people’ right to live and living justice, a country has to intervene with the unsound expansion and deprivation of residential market. The housing policy in Taiwan lacks comprehensive policies and a strict and effective management system. Therefore, the public housing policy which has been promoted for decades leads to the development of slums and high housing price. In recent years, owing to the widening gap between the rich and the poor and cities in the northern and southern Taiwan and the lack of increase in national income, young people living in Taipei cannot afford the high cost of living. Consequently, housing issues have become a difficulty problem faced by the government.
“Affordable housing” is a residential new term created by the government in last year. It fails to manifest the government’ determination to rectify the national housing system, but reflects the government’s short-sighted means to resolve a long-term problem.
According to the review on various housing policies, such as public housing, affordable public housing, youth housing, interim housing, and military dependents’ village, promoted by the government over the years, the rise of affordable housing merely creates more chaos. The government fails to sell lands fully in compliance with the guidelines on land auctions, but forces the construction company purchasing the land to rent a specific proportion of housing to the disadvantaged groups based on additional conditions. Moreover, the government even intervenes with the sale price of houses. The government intervention itself lacks the legitimacy in commercial market, and such a small favor cannot be regarded as a benevolent policy of government.
This study inspected the legitimacy of affordable housing and the issues concerning public housing system in Taiwan based on the successful government intervention of advanced counties, and the investigated the government’s various restrictions imposed on affordable housing, such as the number of housing for sale and for rent, housing price, qualification of buyer, timing for resale, and three-level quality control, to reflect the government’s lack of ability in farsighted planning for housing system. Affordable housing may be a short-term and shortsighted manipulation again, instead of a long-term policy to protect living justice.