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系統識別號 U0026-2807201616325800
論文名稱(中文) 透過BIM與施工模擬辨別工程危險-以巴拿馬捷運站工程為例
論文名稱(英文) Hazards Identification through BIM and Virtual Simulations - A Case Study of the Panama's MRT Station Project
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 郭什銘
研究生(英文) Axel Guzman
學號 N66037041
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 112頁
口試委員 口試委員-潘乃欣
口試委員-王裕仁
指導教授-馮重偉
中文關鍵字 none 
英文關鍵字 Safety management  risk scenarios  hazards identification  BIM  virtual simulations 
學科別分類
中文摘要 none
英文摘要 Risk management is one of the most important aspects that affects construction projects. Lack of attention in this aspect could end in the increment of the high rate of deaths in the activities performing of the construction industry. In order to deal with this aspect, hazards identification is of critical importance, since it will determine the specific measures that must be taken to ensure a safety environment.
In recent years with the inclusion of Building Information Modeling technology in the construction industry, this activity is being changing. Despite there have been a lot of studies regarding safety management for hazards identification with BIM and virtual simulations, most of them are focused on risks of the project structure itself without considering construction processes, site logistics and stakeholders experience. This is of special importance for general contractors which are responsible of the construction of the project.
This research proposes a framework to implement a system for hazards identification in construction processes, which integrates traditional safety programs and technological approaches through BIM and virtual simulations. In addition it presents processes to implement a construction-simulation oriented model to perform animations and simulate the construction processes which will help to identify hazards. Results shows a transformed BIM model into a construction-simulation oriented model and important information of hazards identified through this technological approach in addition of the traditional methods.
論文目次 TABLE OF CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I
ABSTRACT II
TABLE OF CONTENTS III
LIST OF TABLES VII
LIST OF FIGURES VIII
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Background and Overview 1
1.2 Motivation of the Research 2
1.3 Research Objectives 3
1.4 Research Procedure 4
1.5 Thesis Structure 5
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 6
2.1 Problem Statement 6
2.2 Construction Safety Management 7
2.2.1 Construction Industry in Safety Management 7
2.2.2 Responsibility in Safety Management 9
2.3 Safety Analysis 10
2.3.1 Construction Safety Analysis techniques 10
2.3.1 Job Hazard Analysis 12
2.3.2 Most Common Accidents and Causals in the Construction Industry 13
2.4 Integrating BIM with Safety Analysis 15
2.4.1 Building Information Modeling 16
2.4.1 4D Tool and Simulations for Safety Management 17
2.5 Summary of the Literature Review 19
CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES 21
3.1 Research Methodology 21
3.2 Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) 23
3.3 Level of Development (LOD) 25
3.4 4D Modeling 27
CHAPTER 4 PROPOSED FRAMEWORK 31
4.1 Research Assumptions 31
4.2 Proposed Framework for Hazards Identification 32
4.3 Traditional Hazards Identification 33
4.3.1 Job Hazard Analysis 33
4.3.2 Safety Manager’s Experience 35
4.3.3 AHP integrated in Questionnaires 35
4.3.4 Safety Plan (Logistics) 36
4.3.5 Risk Scenarios Creation 36
4.4 BIM model analysis 38
4.4.1 BIM elements breakdown 38
4.4.2 Virtual Environment Creation 40
4.4.2.1 Geolocation 41
4.4.2.2 Terrain Creation 41
4.4.2.3 Resources 42
4.4.3 Virtual Simulation Application 43
4.4.4 4D Analysis 43
4.4.5 Animations 44
4.4.6 Simulation of Risk Scenarios 46
4.5 Hazards Identification 46
CHAPTER 5 RESULTS AND VERIFICATIONS 47
5.1 Case Study Description 47
5.1.1 Project General Information 49
5.1.2 Construction Process 50
5.2 Framework application to Case Study 52
5.2.1 Traditional Hazards Identification System Application 52
5.2.1.1 Safety Program Element 52
5.2.1.2 Analytic Hierarchy Process 53
5.2.1.3 Safety Manager Experience Interview 59
5.2.1.4 Safety Plan Integration 61
5.2.2 Risk scenarios definition 62
5.2.3 BIM model analysis application 64
5.2.4 BIM elements breakdown 65
5.2.5 Virtual Environment Creation 74
5.2.6 Construction-Simulation Oriented Model Result 79
5.2.7 4D Model Results 80
5.2.8 Risk Scenarios Simulations 83
5.3 Hazards Identification Results 87
CHAPTER 6 CONCLUsIONS 95
6.1 Conclusions 95
6.2 Future Research 97
REFERENCES 99
APPENDICES 102
Appendix 1: Online questionnaire format for AHP - General Information 102
Appendix 2: Online questionnaire format for AHP – Project Information 103
Appendix 3: Online questionnaire format for AHP – General Structure 104
Appendix 4: Online questionnaire format for AHP – Scoring Instructions 105
Appendix 5: Pair-wise comparisons for Criteria 106
Appendix 6: Pair-wise comparisons for Sub-Criteria of Organization 106
Appendix 7: Pair-wise comparisons for Sub-Criteria of Site Condition 107
Appendix 8: Pair-wise comparisons for Alternatives regarding each criteria 107
Appendix 9: Online questionnaire format for AHP – Personal Information 113
Appendix 10: Online questionnaire format for AHP – Scoring Scale 114
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