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論文名稱(中文) 台南市高齡友善社區空間規劃與開發辦法之研究 -以大廈式集合住宅為例
論文名稱(英文) A Study on Space Planning and Development Measures of Age-friendly Community in Tainan City - Exemplified with Apartment-building-style Congregate Housing
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 王柚鈞
研究生(英文) Yu-Chun Wang
電子信箱 talinwang1983@gmail.com
學號 p26981219
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 87頁
口試委員 口試委員-賴光邦
口試委員-曾憲嫻
口試委員-謝俊民
指導教授-陳彥仲
中文關鍵字 高齡化  集合住宅  既有住宅改造  新建住宅社區開發 
英文關鍵字 Aging  Congregate Housing  Retrofitting Existing Housing  Development of New Housing Communities 
學科別分類
中文摘要 有鑒於國內老年人口數與平均餘命的逐年增加,加上少子化、都市化、家戶細分的現象;高齡者在居住空間上的安排與相關住宅政策、規範,近年已在中央、各地方政府相關單位進行各項研究。
爰此,本研究首先對台南市大林國宅社區(老年人口占總住戶人口25.6%)進行實地調查、空間改善建議與問卷訪談;並依據空間改善建議於高齡養生村計畫失敗地區(台南市南區喜樹、灣裡,2007年)作情境模擬與問卷。
上述過程中的空間規劃構想與意願在訪談建設實施者後,調整部份原有策略,以增加高齡友善住宅社區開發之可行性。最終研究成果顯示,現階段台南市對於市區既有大廈式國民住宅,與具發展潛力地區之公有用地,極有推廣、獎勵(再)開發高齡友善社區之機會。以上並行作業透過規劃設計手法,得以減少高齡者日常生活風險,亦可提高居住環境品質與促進社區互動;更甚者,將幾項設計要點納入都市設計審議,佐以都市計畫開發工具住宅房型規劃,以期落實高齡者適居之可能,健全整體住宅市場。
英文摘要 In view of the year-by-year increase on the elderly population and average life expectancy of Taiwan, coupled with the trend toward fewer children, phenomenon in urbanization and household subdivision, the related units of local governments and central government already undertook researches on the arrangements, related housing policies and norms between elders and residential space in recent years.

Therefore, this study first undertook status field survey and questionnaire interviews toward Da-Lin public housing in Tainan city (in Da-Lin public housing the old age population is 25.6% of total population of householders); according to a proposal of space improvement the study continued to undertake scenario simulation and questionnaire interviews in the failed area of Age-health-care village plan (Sishu and Wanli in Tainan city in 2007).

After interviews with construction practitioners, part of original strategies in the space-planning ideas and inclination of foregoing process were adjusted to increase the feasibility of developing Age-friendly Housing Community. Final study result reveals that at the present stage, with regard to Tainan City Government's dealing with existing apartment-building-style public housing and public land in the areas with potential for development, in all likelihood there are opportunities to popularize and use incentive to (re-)develop Age-friendly communities. The above-mentioned collateral work by the design technique of planning, could reduce risks of the elderly's daily livings, raises the quality of dwelling environment, and promote interactions in communities; furthermore, it is important that several design essentials be subsumed into the urban design deliberations, hence the whole housing market, harmoniously with development implements of urban planning and room type planning of housing, can be sound so as to fulfill the possibility of the elderly's habitability.
論文目次 目錄………………………………………………………I
表目錄……………………………………………………III
圖目錄……………………………………………………IV

第一章 緒論……………………………………………1
第一節 研究動機………………………………………1
第二節 研究對象與範圍………………………………5
第三節 研究方法與內容………………………………9
第四節 研究架構與流程………………………………10

第二章 相關文獻及法令政策、計畫、案例回顧……11
第一節 高齡者住宅與照顧服務相關理論及研究……11
第二節 高齡者居住抉擇因素相關研究………………13
第三節 高齡者居住安排與相關理論及研究…………17
第四節 國內外案例與國內相關法令政策、計畫……21

第三章 高齡友善社區空間規劃策略…………………36
第一節 大林國宅社區背景與居住環境現況…………36
第二節 大林國宅社區空間規劃課題…………………40
第三節 大林國宅社區空間規劃改善建議……………48

第四章 高齡友善社區空間規劃之實證應用…………52
第一節 大林國宅問卷結果……………………………52
第二節 台南市高齡養生村計畫地區問卷結果………59
第三節 建設實施者訪談結果…………………………65

第五章 結論與建議……………………………………69
第一節 結論……………………………………………69
第二節 建議……………………………………………72

參考文獻
一、中文文獻…………………………………………74
二、日文文獻…………………………………………74
三、英文文獻…………………………………………75
參考文獻 一、中文書目
1.台北市都市發展局、中華民國住宅學會,『台北市居住空間通用設計規範-總結報告』,2008。
2.台北市政府都市發展局,『台北市居住空間通用設計指南』,2009。
3.行政院衛生署國民健康局,『老人健康促進計畫 (2009 - 2012)』,2009。
4.李秀娟,『「在地老化」老人服務模式發展元素初探-以財團法人華山社會福利慈善事業基金會服務經驗為例』,政大經營管理碩士學程EMBA 論文,2006。
5.吳爾敏,『老人住宅圖譜』,《第三屆中西風水比較學術研討會:文化與空間管理的對話》,2007。
6.林中麟,『新世紀亞洲城市論壇之香港經驗』,《研討會議》,2010。
7.邱淑宜,『老建物新生命 老舊公寓脫胎換骨契機』,《臺北畫刊》,No.511,頁13-17,2010。
8.高迪理、黃聲遠,『宜蘭縣老人福利產業總體規劃:以養護機構為核心議題進行空間分析』,《計畫報告書》,1989。
9.陳麗紅、鄒克萬,『台南市住宅建設計畫之規劃』,《台南市政府》,1996。
10.陳政雄,『老人住宅整體規劃理念』,《台灣老年醫學雜誌》,民國95年第1卷第3期,頁122-138,2006。
11.陳光雄,『台灣銀髮住宅相關法規簡介』,《台灣老年醫學雜誌》,民國95年第1卷第3期,頁187-197,2006。

二、日文書目
1.川內 美彥,『從日本之無障礙空間到通用設計的進展』,《「友善臺北‧關懷弱勢」國際研討會》,2009。
2.小林 純子,『Trend and Problems of Public Toilets in Japan - From the Universal Design’s perspective』,《「友善臺北‧關懷弱勢」國際研討會》,2009。
3.小林 義和、藤野 芳夫,『日本市街地再開發事業』,《民國98年經濟部台日技術合作計畫講座》,2009。
4.エクスナレッジ編,『都市・建築・不動産企画開発マニュアル 2007 - 2008 デジタルBOOK版』

三、英文書目
1.An interview with Zev Paiss, Cofounder, Elder Cohousing Network(2006) by Nursing Homes.
2.Clark, William A.V. and Marinus C. Deurloo (2006), Aging in Place and Housing Over-Consumption. J Housing Built Environ, 21, 257-270.
3.Kim, Sung-Hyuk, Hong-Bumm Kim, and Woo-Gon Kim (2003), Impacts of Senior Citizens’ Lifestyle on Their Choices of Elder Housing.
Journal of Consumer Marketing, 20, (3), 210-226.
4.Krueger, Barbara (2006), How to Match an Older Adult with the Right Housing. Supportive Housing for an Aging Society, Winter , 73-74.
5.Lee, Euehun and Karen M. Gibler (2004), Preferences for Korean Seniors Housing. Journal of Property Investment & Finance, 22, (1), 112-135.
6.Lindstrem, Bente (1997), Housing and Service for the Elderly in Denmark. Aging International, Winter/Spring, 115-132.
7.Livette, Martin (2006), The importance of Tenure to Retirement Housing Purchasers and the Impact of Culture upon Their Attitudes to Tenure. Property Management, 24, (5), 464-478.
8.Mathur, Anil and George P. Moschis (1999), Socialization Influences on Preparation for Later Life. Journal of Marketing Practice:Applied Marketing Science, 5, (6/7/8), 163-176.
9.Pynoos, J., Rachel Caraviello, and Caroline Cicero (2009), Lifelong Housing:The Anchor in Aging-Friendly Communities. GENERATIONS - Journal of the American Society on Aging, 33, (2), 26-32.
10.Rowe, John W. and Robert L. Kahn (1997), Successful Aging.The Gerontologist, 37, (4), 433-440.
11.Sergeant, Julie F. and David J. Ekerdt (2008), Motives for Residential Mobility in Later Life: Post-Move Perspectives of Elders and Family Members. Aging and Human Development , 66, (2), 131-154.
12.Smida, Ali (2005), Competitiveness Between Public, Private and Non-Profit Organizations in the Promising Market for the Elderly in France.Foresight, 7, (5), 32-41
13.van Bilsen, Pascalle M.A., Jan P.H. Hamers, Wim Groot, and Cor Spreeuwnberg (2008), Sheltered Housing Compared to Independent Housing in the Community. Scand J Caring Sci, 22, 265-274.
14.Wells, Nancy M. and Joseph Laquatra (2010), Why Green Housing and Green Neighborhoods are Important to the Health and Well-Being of Older Adults. GENERATIONS - Journal of the American Society on Aging, 33, (4), 50-57.
15.Wilson, Gail (1993), The Challenge of an Ageing Electorate:Changes in the Formation of Social Policy in Europe? Journal of European Social Policy, 3, (2), 91-105.
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