The Chinese people like to drink. We can see the wine in most situations; including worship, banquets, weddings and funerals…etc. It shows that the wine has been rooted deep into everyone's daily life, closely together with the Chinese culture. Because of political instability and frequent unrest in Wei and Jin Dynasties, people had no security of their lives. Their pessimism about life increased the demand for wine. Scholars were often involved in politics struggle, and lost their lives and families. Aspiring people despaired of the unstable political situation and unachievable ideals. Ordinary people profoundly felt powerlessness for the chaotic social order, and natural and man-made disasters. In such a hardship of the times, people who saw the ugly reality were anxious to get rid of everything. Therefore the drinking fashion prevailed over the whole area little by little. Besides, the mysterious theory was known everywhere, so intellectuals in Wei and Jin Dynasties showed particular drinking style under the influence of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu theory. These enabled the wine culture in Wei and Jin Dynasties to produce qualitative changes and characteristics of the times.
Literati in Wei and Jin Dynasties created varied literatures with emotional and sentimental writing style that lighted up the dark period. They showed their own style and described every kind of social phenomenon with literatures. Such a passionate and contradictory era with remarkable spirit style and outstanding cultural customs also created a wonderful wine culture. A large number of the wine literatures with different contents were written, including Wine Poem, Wine Ode, Wine Admonition, Wine Mandate, Wine Inscription, Wine Carol, Wine Hymn, Wine maxim, Wine Instruction, and so on, full of varied thoughts and feelings. All of them were realistic portrayals about Wei and Jin Dynasties, filled with fashion and interest about wine. It is worthy to analyze further and realize them.
This thesis discusses the meaning of wine through an overview of the wine literatures in Wei and Jin Dynasties. It also compares their similarities and differences from the descriptions of each literary form, and analyzes the writers’ intentions. And then, we may explore many aspects of the wine culture in Wei and Jin Dynasties, including the drinking gatherings of the literati, intellectuals’ drinking behavior, the dependence on wine in daily life, and the attitude toward wine. In addition, the views of Buddhism and Daoism about wine in Wei and Jin Dynasties are also discussed in the thesis to show many facets of the wine culture in the Wei and Jin Dynasties.