The Study of the Vision of Domination in the Three Kingdoms
Advisor: Professor Yi-Yuan Chen
Department of Chinese Literature, College Liberal Arts
The historical discussions in The Romance of Three Kingdoms have mainly focused on its loyalty or character image, and there has been less discussion on the dominance technique with Legalist thought. This article attempts to find out the differences by comparing the history and the stories of the Three Kingdoms in different eras, and further to see the author's imagination of the relationship, domination and response between the superior and the inferior in the stories of the Three Kingdoms. And at the same time, it explores LuoGuanzhong's imagination of the leaderships and his acceptance of legalist thought. Between the plot development of "The Romance of Three Kingdoms" and the relationship between the characters, the self he wants to express, and possible is what he might think about on his time.
The first chapter of this article discusses the different editions of The Romance of Three Kingdoms, then it explore the relevant works and research status of the predecessors, and explain the research methods, steps and concepts of the characters in the novel. The second chapter begins to discuss the content of domination. A more detailed analysis and classification of the leaderships, and give typical examples for different situations.
The chapter of three, four, and five are for the emperor, princes, and subjects. These three types of characters use the dominance technique, the response, or the situation where the two intersect. Although many of these characters are relatively minor characters in the novel, they can also be compared with stories in history and other periods. This shows that LuoGuanzhong's rewriting or imagination of these characters. From here it get the differences that hope to get in this article, then in the form of a summary after each chapter for a personage of different identities.
The chapter of six unify the issues discussed the preceding statement. It discusses LuoGuanzhong's imagination of domination, and the impact these imaginations have on the character in the writing process. Finally, the academic circles discuss some of the controversial issues in LuoGuanzhong.
lastly, the seventh chapter is the conclusion of the summary of the collection chapters. An attempt was made to see the influence of the imagination of domination and the acceptance of the Legalist thought on LuoGuanzhong's creation of The Romance of the Three Kingdoms.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The bottom story of this article is centered on Edition of Jiajing. On the dominance technique, it main reference to Han Fei as the representative of the chinese legal thinker's works. In the research method, it will be borrowed the concept of "narratology" and the "deductive method" to discuss the position of the narrator in "The Romance of the Three Kingdoms" and the creator of LuoGuanzhong’s narrator's position. In terms of steps, this article will first explore the dominance technique or response of various characters in The Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Then it compared Han Fei's thoughts, and compare historical materials and works before The Romance of the Three Kingdoms, such as the History of the Three Kingdoms and the popular stories of History of the Three Kingdoms. See the change of the novel's way of governing the characters in these historical materials and works, and finally deduced the novel author's thoughts, understanding, acceptance and imagination of dominance technique.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
By exploring the dominance technique, that is, from the concept of the legalist "method" and discussing many different characters in the popular stories of History of the Three Kingdoms and the characters use or response under dominance technique. Further combining LuoGuanzhong's narrator perspective and identity in the novel, and pushing back to his idea of creative " the popular stories of History of the Three Kingdoms" is the exposition that this article attempts to complete.
However, the lifetime of LuoGuanzhong is not yet able to determine, the present thesis cannot take a certain era as a specific object, to discuss whether LuoGuanzhong in the novel's character form, contrast or project on some real historical figures, but the development of the story system of The Romance of the Three Kingdoms, it determined to have affected the entire Chinese cultural circle and the countries or area in this circle which be affected, Including many thoughts, ideas, beliefs and lives. In this regard, LuoGuanzhong's plot in the novel and the form of characters, and imagination of dominance technique and Legalist thought, it is deeply imprinted in the later generations. The story system of The Romance of the Three Kingdoms has affected people's hearts. From LuoGuanzhong's own interpretation and imagination, it became part of the real culture being pursued.