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系統識別號 U0026-2708201817395700
論文名稱(中文) 優秀足球運動員與非運動員在工作負荷容量差異之探討
論文名稱(英文) The investigation into the difference in workload capacity between elite soccer players and non-athletic controls
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 體育健康與休閒研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 林芷均
研究生(英文) Chih-Chun Lin
學號 RB6051066
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 62頁
口試委員 指導教授-王駿濠
召集委員-楊政達
口試委員-蔡佳良
中文關鍵字 系統多因子技術  事件相關電位  工作負荷容量  策略型運動員 
英文關鍵字 systems factorial technology  event-related potentials  workload capacity  strategic athletes 
學科別分類
中文摘要 研究目的:本研究從行為表現及工作負荷容量的角度來檢視策略型運動員在訊息處理上是否與非運動員有差異,同時以腦電波之事件相關電位成份波解釋其可能的神經機制。研究方法:本研究招募18至25歲的大專甲組男性足球員與無規律運動習慣的男性大學生及研究生,排除條件為體重過重 (BMI ≥ 24) 或過輕者 (BMI < 18.5),且中文版貝克憂鬱量表得分須低於16分者,最後符合上述條件之參與者為運動組27人、控制組26人。本研究使用雙重光點偵測作業測驗視覺空間注意力的能力,同步收錄行為以及腦電波資料,且以事件相關電位N1成份波探討其神經機制,並使用系統多因子技術計算容量係數以評估工作負荷容量。研究結果:本研究主要發現足球員的反應時間顯著地較控制組快 (p = .010),但在工作負荷容量的表現上兩組間並沒有顯著差異。另一方面,從腦電波的結果則發現N1振幅在兩組間沒有達顯著差異,不過足球員N1的潛時顯著地較控制組快 (p = .002)。結論:本研究結果發現優秀足球運動員在執行涵蓋視覺空間注意力之雙光點目標偵測作業時,雖然在整體的作業表現上有較快的反應時間,但卻沒有較高的工作負荷容量表現,因此本研究結果僅能推論策略型運動員可能在執行視覺空間偵測作業時,其基礎反應速度上較有優勢,但這並不能代表他們在整合不同空間訊息的能力較好。另一方面,從腦電波的結果則支持了這類型的運動員能較快處理視覺訊息,而這是解釋他們偵測視覺訊息較快的可能機制。
英文摘要 The main issue of the present study was to investigate the difference in information processing capacity between athletes practicing a strategic sport (i.e., soccer) and non-athletes by comparing behavior and workload capacity. Further, event-related potentials (ERPs) was employed to explore the potential neural mechanisms. Twenty-seven soccer players were recruited in the athletic group and 26 undergraduate and graduate students who reported no historical specialization in any sports were recruited in the control group. Behavioral and electroencephalographic (EEG) data were recorded simultaneously while participants performing a double-dot redundant-target task which allows the measure of visuo-spatial attention. Systems factorial technology (SFT) was employed to evaluate workload capacity performance. The results demonstrated that soccer players showed faster response time than the control group but no significant difference in workload capacity seen between the two groups. In terms of ERPs, results revealed a significant shorter N1 latency for the soccer players compared to the controls, while such effect was not observed for N1 amplitude. In conclusion, athletes practicing strategic sports such as soccer players may have superior processing speed. However, such cognitive superiority might not be associated with workload capacity in this case. Furthermore, the greater processing speed seen in soccer players may be explained by more rapid processing of visuo-spatial information.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 V
目錄 VII
圖目錄 IX
表目錄 X
第壹章、緒論 1
第一節、研究背景 1
第二節、研究目的 8
第三節、研究假設 8
第四節、名詞解釋 8
第五節、研究限制 10
第貳章、文獻探討 11
第一節、運動員之認知功能表現 11
第二節、策略型運動員在認知功能的表現 13
第三節、系統多因子技術與其在雙重目標偵測作業上的應用 15
第四節、運動員之認知功能與其電生理表現文獻探討 16
第五節、總結 18
第參章、研究方法 19
第一節、研究架構 19
第二節、研究對象 20
第三節、研究工具 20
第四節、研究流程 21
第五節、資料處理與分析 23
第肆章、研究結果 26
第一節、參與者基本資料 26
第二節、參與者行為表現資料 28
第三節、事件相關電位資料 34
第四節、變異數間之皮爾森積差相關分析 38
第伍章、討論 40
第一節、行為表現 41
第二節、工作負荷容量表現 45
第三節、事件相關電位 47
第陸章、結論與建議 50
第一節、結論 50
第二節、未來研究建議 50
參考文獻 52

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