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系統識別號 U0026-2708201513320600
論文名稱(中文) 情緒詞之概念與語意探討
論文名稱(英文) An investigation on the concepts and semantic properties of emotion words
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 心理學系認知科學碩士班
系所名稱(英) MS in Cognitive Science
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 蔡岳霖
研究生(英文) Yueh-Lin Tsai
學號 U76024062
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 93頁
口試委員 召集委員-陳學志
口試委員-陳欣進
口試委員-陳紹慶
指導教授-胡中凡
中文關鍵字 語意表徵結構  語意特徵類別  情緒詞  自組織網路映射圖 
英文關鍵字 semantic representation  semantic property  emotion words  Self-Organizing Maps model 
學科別分類
中文摘要 人類的內在知識結構的樣貌一直是心理學研究者亟欲探討的議題之一,其中,相較於未使用文字進行儲存與提取的概念,語意表徵指的是牽涉到文字的知識表徵,但直至目前為止,對於語意表徵的訊息來源與內容仍沒有共同的看法。在理論的比較上,刺激字詞類型之間的差異可能使得研究所支持的理論有所不同,在此部分中,已有研究針對具體詞和抽象詞進行詳盡的探討,並且試圖做出解釋,但截至目前為止尚未有研究針對情緒詞的語意表徵結構做出探討,因此,本研究欲探討情緒詞語意的特殊性,並且建構情緒詞語意表徵理論的模型,依此對不同取向的語意表徵理論進行比較。
為了解情緒詞概念的語意特性,本研究一先針對具體詞、抽象詞、以及情緒詞進行語意特徵內容之比較,結果發現情緒詞的語意特徵主要著重於情境特徵與內在感受特徵上,並在整合不同類型的資料後確認情緒感受訊息應與內在感受特徵有關。以此結果為基礎,研究二則以促發作業為例,探討以語料庫分析所取得的語意表徵訊息是否能對不同類型字詞刺激的反應時間做有效預測,以及其提供的語意訊息屬性為何。結果顯示在一般詞上此種語意表徵訊息有顯著之預測力,然而在情緒詞刺激材料上並不顯著,後續分析亦發現語料庫分析得出的語意表徵可能與情境訊息較有關。合併研究一與研究二之結果,發現單以研究二所使用之語意表徵資料可能缺少內在感受訊息,因此研究三納入情緒感受的相關訊息資料,並以自組織映射網路模擬整合性語意表徵理論所建構出的情緒詞語意表徵結構,並發現結果呈有效預測促發作業之效果。
本研究之貢獻在於實際建構中文情緒詞的語意表徵模型,並透過不同類型之資料將不同語意表徵訊息之屬性作一分離,研究支持整合性的語意表徵理論,使研究者對情緒詞在語意訊息上的特殊性、以及情緒詞語意表徵的可能結構有更深入之了解,也提供類神經網路模型在語意表徵模擬上的重要性。在研究三自組織映射圖模擬的結果中亦發現情緒詞語意表徵和先前研究提出的情緒結構之間的差異性。本研究最後針對結果、廣泛的語意表徵系統可能的架構、甚至在作業特殊性等相關議題上進行討論,亦提供未來研究方向與建議。
英文摘要 Up to now, there are still debates about the contents and the bases of human semantic processing. An important issue is concerned whether different kinds of stimuli have different properties in their semantic representations. However, although evidences have showed differences between emotion words, as one type of abstract words, and general abstracted words exist, still fewer researches ever tried to explore the distinct semantic representational components of emotion words. Hence, the goal of the present study is to further examine related accounts focusing on the semantic representations of emotion words. The study results illustrate the unique patterns of semantic properties of emotion words compared to other types of words. Moreover, while arranging the semantic properties of emotion words upon a neutrally inspired Self-Organizing Maps model, the semantic distances calculated in the, computational model could persuasively predict the result of priming task. According to the results of the present study, the author of the present thesis proposed an integrated two-system hypothesis speculating the semantic representations and processing of emotion words.
論文目次 第一章、緒論 1
第二章、文獻回顧 3
第一節、語意表徵 3
第二節、概念類型差異之相關研究 11
第三節、情緒概念與情緒詞 12
第四節、類神經網路 17
第五節、研究問題與各研究介紹 22
第三章、情緒詞特殊性之研究探討(研究一) 23
研究一-a:54個具體詞、抽象詞、及情緒詞之向度資料評定 24
第一節、研究目的、推論、與假設 24
第二節、研究方法 24
第三節、結果與討論 26
研究一-b:以特徵產生作業比較不同字詞語意特徵內容差異 28
第一節、實驗目的、推論、與假設 28
第二節、研究方法 28
第三節、結果與討論 31
研究一-c:整合中文情緒詞相似性評定、語意特質類別、以及向度式資料庫資料 35
第一節、實驗目的、推論、與假設 35
第二節、研究方法 36
第三節、結果與討論 37
研究一小結 38
第四章、情緒詞語意概念建構之研究(研究二、研究三) 40
研究二:以語料分析方式進行情緒詞之語意表徵建構 40
研究二-a:促發作業 41
第一節、實驗目的、推論、與假設 41
第二節、研究方法 42
第三節、結果與討論 44
研究二-b:以語料分析方式對情緒詞語意表徵進行建構 47
第一節、實驗目的、推論、與假設 47
第二節、研究方法 47
第三節、結果與討論 48
研究二-c:探討中文情緒詞下特質類別比例與語意概念表徵關聯 52
第一節、實驗目的、推論、與假設 52
第二節、研究方法 52
第三節、結果與討論 53
研究三:以自組織映射圖網路對情緒詞語意表徵進行建構 54
第一節、實驗目的、推論、與假設 54
第二節、研究方法 54
第三節、結果與討論 57
第五章、綜合討論 62
第一節、結果討論 62
第二節、結論 68
第三節、未來研究方向建議 69
參考文獻 70
附錄一、研究一使用之刺激材料 76
附錄二、Wu與Barsalou (2009)之語意特質基模架構 77
附錄三、中文字詞語意概念作業問卷 81
附錄四、Landis & Koch (1977)之Kappa值一致性解釋表 85
附錄五、31個中文情緒詞之相似性矩陣資料 86
附錄六、研究二使用之字詞列表 87
附錄七、促發作業之三因子變異數分析摘要表 90
附錄八、情緒標準刺激與反應常模授權合約 91
附錄九、平衡語料庫授權使用協議書 93
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卓淑玲、陳學志、鄭昭明 (2013)。台灣地區華人情緒與相關心理生理資料庫—中文情緒詞常模研究。中華心理學刊,55,頁 493-525。
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