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系統識別號 U0026-2708201400303900
論文名稱(中文) 邁向創意城市的關鍵驅動力-從文化產業趨勢與政策介入分析城市經濟之成長模式
論文名稱(英文) The Critical Driving Force towards Creative City: A Study on City Development Models from Cultural Industry Trend and Policy Intervention in Taiwan
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 創意產業設計研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Creative Industry Design
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 張婷媛
研究生(英文) Ting-Yuan Chang
學號 PA8961035
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 129頁
口試委員 指導教授-孔憲法
指導教授-陸定邦
召集委員-尹啟銘
口試委員-林俊昇
口試委員-陳坤宏
中文關鍵字 文化創意產業  創意城市  文化活動  文化氛圍 
英文關鍵字 Cultural creative industry  Creative city  Cultural milieu  Policy intervention  Cultural activity 
學科別分類
中文摘要 因應世界各國文化創意產業興起,追求可創造財富、改善都會經濟、提升都會居民的生活品質目標,台灣自2002年起著手推動「文創產業發展計畫」,歷經三個國家重點發展階段:第一階段2002~2008年–「挑戰2008:國家重點發展計畫」之文化創意產業發展計畫;第二階段2009~2012年「創意台灣-文化創意產業發展方案」;以及第三階段2013~迄今的「價值產業化-文創產業價值鏈建構與創新」等重要階段;在產業方面,各大都會在文化質、量方面,都已發生差異化。與過去已開發國家所推行文創產業發展的動機雷同,台灣目的也是為著創造市內地方就業、增加文創產值、提升國民所得、並改善都會生活。
由於狹長島嶼地型與差異化產業發展計畫,造就台灣各都市在文創產業發展的不同型態。本研究以五大都市作為研究資料收集對象,分析直轄市台北市、新北市、台中市、台南市、高雄市等文創產業發展現況,發現北部區域文創產業產值在2012年已佔全台產值將近七成五,產業集中化現象相當明顯;其中,台北市在文創產業已遠遠領先其他城市,佔全台總產值的六成以上。五都中,位處最南部的高雄市,文創產業群聚(Clustering)、及人才凝聚(Agglomeration)效應,明顯落後北部城市的文創產值比重,但在人才聚集效果部份,卻因工作機會、文化活動、小型文化企業的豐富性,增加高教育居民遷入的比重,躍居為全台第三名城市。
本研究依據台灣文創產業產值、人口成長率、居民消費力、地方創意活動頻度、主要城市之政策性文化預算揖注、與文化創意經濟成長等背景資料,以追求發展國際創意城市願景為目標,分析台灣創意城市之文創產業關鍵轉型與影響因素,建構發展模式,期能提供未來追求創意城市發展之決策者或規劃者,擁有可參考的依據。由於創新城市在人才、科技、種族的包容(Florida學者所提)、創造力與產業產值(Landry學者所提)、以及就業率(Scott and Markusen等學者所提)都有相對明顯的良好表現,故可成為各發展中城市未來從事發展策略規劃時之參考。
研究發現五大城市的人才(受大學教育居民)對地方文化創意產業經濟具最大影響性,藉由政策性補助支持地方文化活動亦可吸引人才,豐富城市生活,如能吸引文化企業在地家數增多,對城市之產業經濟提昇有著正面效果。地區性文化創意活動的舉辦頻度、文化企業家數、參與文化活動人數,均明顯影響高教育人口流入;其次,地方政府之文化預算,對地方人才增加與舉辦地方文化活動頻度具顯著影響力,但對地方產業經濟的影響效果卻相對有限。
本研究藉結構方程模組(PLS-SEM)分析人才、文化創意活動、文化創意企業、人口消費力、失業率、政府及城市文化預算投入等對文化創意產業經濟之影響,經關鍵因素與回歸模式分析,了解促成文化創意產業經濟成長之結構要因,預將可供城市期待轉型發展為創意城市、驅動文化經濟活絡之參考。
英文摘要 Promoting the regional wealth, urban economy, and residential living quality, cultural creative industries policy has been performed since 2002 in Taiwan. Through three critical stages: (1) Cultural Creative Industries Development Plan during 2002 and 2008, title is "Challenge 2008: National Development Plan" cultural and creative industries development plans; (2) Cultural Creative Industries Development Action during 2009 and 2012; and (3) Value Chain Creation since 2013, policy intervention has produced the economic effects in majored cities of Taiwan. After three stages’ execution, there are significant advantages of local employed rate, production value of cultural creative industries, civic GDP and residential living being happened.
Owing to adopting various cultural industries developing policy, city generally results into various cultural living pattern and creative milieu. This study analyzed the existing cultural and creative industries status (deprived from the data of five municipalities of Taipei, New Taipei, Taichung, Tainan, and Kaohsiung in Taiwan), and found in the northern region in the cultural and creative industry output value of Taiwan in 2012 had accounted for nearly 75%, industrial centralization phenomenon is fairly obvious; which Taipei in cultural and creative industries have been far ahead of other cities, accounting for over 60% of GDP station.
Moreover, locating on the most southern island, Kaohsiung City, cultural and creative industries cluster (i.e. Clustering), and talent cohesion (i.e. Agglomeration) effect, significantly behind the proportion of the northern city of cultural and creative output, but the effect of talent aggregation part, because of the work opportunities for cultural activities, small enterprises and cultural richness, has been increasing the proportion of highly educated residents immigration, and grow as the third city of Taiwan ranking.
By analyzing Taiwan's cultural and creative industry production value, population growth rate, the residential consuming ability, local creative activity frequency, cultural budget allocated by local or central public policy, and cultural creative economic growth, this study finds out the critical factors and to establish an effectively developing model of metropolitan cultural industries how to become a creative city. The purpose is to provide decision-makers a referential programming method in pursuit of creative city with the potential economic growth.
The talents, who are college-educated residents, are critical driving force for the growth rate of cultural creative economy. The local cultural budget of a city supports by metropolitan fiscal policy can create cultural elements to recruit talents. Secondly, when the number of local cultural creative firms and local cultural activities are getting increasing, this city will create more commercial chances to raise local job opportunities resulting in attracting talents and economic growth.
The statistical analysis tool, structural equation modeling (SEM) utilizes to analyze the relatively influential power between each factors. Those factors Include of cultural creative activities, cultural creative firms, the residential consuming abilities, unemployed rate, and fiscal cultural budgets of each city and so on.
論文目次 中文摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS v
LIST OF TABLES vii
LIST OF FIGURES viii
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 The Importance of Creative City Research 1
1.2 Research Issues 3
1.3 Research Contribution 7
1.4 Research Process, Dimensions and Purpose 10
CHAPTER 2. LITERATURE REVIEW 14
2.1 Definition of Creative City 14
2.2 Cultural Creative Industries Scope and Theory Development 21
2.3 The Past Academic Theory for Creative City 26
2.4 Creative Cultural Activities and City Milieu 31
2.5 Policy Intervention 32
2.6 Creative City Model Structure and Influential Factors 36
2.7 The Comparison of Creative City 41
2.8 The Past Development Models and Experiences of Creative City 44
CHAPTER 3. METHODOLOGY 47
3.1 Research Scope and Hypotheses 48
3.2 Study Dimensions of Creative City-making 50
3.3 Measurement Indicators and Statistical Analysis Tools 51
3.4 Quantitative and Quantitative Analysis on Creative City Transformation 62
CHAPTER 4. ANALYSIS 63
4.1 Cultural Creative Industries Characteristics and Development Trend in Five Municipals of Taiwan 63
4.2 The Creativity of City Constructs an Interactive Model by Critical Influential Factors 73
4.3 Structural Model 93
4.4 Discussion 99
CHAPTER 5. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION 108
5.1 Conclusion 108
5.2 Suggestion 111
REFERENCE 117
APPENDIX 123
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