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系統識別號 U0026-2708201312583800
論文名稱(中文) 量子遠端控制及其應用
論文名稱(英文) Quantum Remote Control and Its Applications
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊工程學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Institute of Computer Science and Information Engineering
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生(中文) 陳昱廷
研究生(英文) Yu-Ting Chen
學號 P76001328
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 42頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃宗立
口試委員-李泉明
口試委員-蔡家緯
中文關鍵字 量子資訊  量子隱傳  量子遠端控制 
英文關鍵字 Quantum Information  Quantum Teleportation  Quantum Remote Control 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來,隨著量子電腦的發展,量子計算和量子資訊的研究逐漸受到關注。量子電腦結合了物理學和資訊科學,能夠利用量子力學上的物理現象來進行運算。在量子力學中,量子糾纏是一種很獨特的性質,它可以視為存在於許多個別粒子當中的一種連結關係。然而,它也是一種有用的資源可被用於許多處理量子訊息的工作,像是量子隱傳、量子密度編碼、量子安全通訊、量子私密分享、量子私密比較等等。
量子隱傳不但是處理量子訊息的基本方法,也能用來傳送量子態,其過程是利用分享好的糾纏、局部的操作以及傳統的通訊來完成,而不是直接將量子態傳送出去。自從Bennett 等人證明了可以透過一組EPR pair 來傳送一顆未知的量子態,量子隱傳已經在許多不同環境被實做出來。
除了傳送量子態,量子糾纏還能用來傳送量子運算,也就是說,其中一方能從遠方對另一方的光子進行一些操作,我們稱之為量子遠端控制。Huelga 等人首先提出透過雙向的量子隱傳來進行實作,之後為了減少所需要的資源以及不同的實作方式,許多量子遠端控制相關的研究相繼被提出。
本篇論文在考慮到多方控制的情境下提出一個多方量子遠端控制的協定,其可被應用在量子私密比較,此外,結合量子隱傳以及量子遠端控制的概念,提出一個量子隱傳的協定,其可用來設計受控制的量子隱傳協定。
英文摘要 In recent years, studies of quantum computation and quantum information have attracted a considerable amount of attention regarding the development of quantum computers. Quantum computers are a product of physics and computer science that can use quantum mechanics to execute operations. Entanglement is a particular feature of quantum mechanics that is considered a specific correlation between two or more individual particles. However, it is also a valuable resource that can be applied to various tasks of quantum information processing, such as quantum teleportation, quantum dense coding, quantum secure communication, quantum secret sharing, and quantum private comparison (QPC).
Quantum teleportation is not only one of the most fundamental manners of quantum information processing, but is also used to transmit a quantum state among distant parties. These processes are completed by using shared entanglement, local operations and classical communication rather than transmission to the quantum state directly. Since Bennett et al. first demonstrated the teleportation of an unknown quantum state through the entanglement of an Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen pair, teleportation has been achieved experimentally in different environments.
In addition to teleporting a quantum state, quantum entanglement can transfer a quantum operation to a distant quantum system. In other words, one party can remotely perform an operation on a particle possessed by another party, which is called quantum remote control (QRC). Huelga et al. first implemented the task through bidirectional quantum state teleportation. Several related studies have followed that have proposed reducing the required resources or different methods for implementing QRC.
In this thesis, we consider the scenario of a multi-controller and propose the multiparty QRC protocol, which can be applied in QPC. In addition, we propose a protocol combining the concept of quantum teleportation and remote control that can be applied to design a controlled quantum teleportation protocol.
論文目次 中文摘要 IV
Abstract V
誌謝 VII
Content VIII
List of Tables X
List of Figures XI
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Overview 1
1.2 Motivation and Contribution 2
1.3 Thesis Structure 3
Chapter 2 Preliminaries 4
2.1 Quantum Theory 4
2.1.1 The Postulates of Quantum Bit 4
2.1.2 The Quantum Unitary Operations 6
2.1.3 The Properties of Entangled States 7
2.2 Quantum Protocol 10
2.2.1 Quantum Teleportation 10
2.2.2 Quantum Remote Control 11
2.2.3 Quantum Private Comparison 12
2.2.4 Controlled Quantum Teleportation 13
Chapter 3 Multiparty Quantum Remote Control 14
3.1 Quantum Remote Control with Two Controllers 14
3.2 Multiparty Quantum Remote Control 19
3.3 Application: Quantum Private Comparison 20
3.3.1 Quantum Private Comparison Protocol 20
3.3.2 Security Analysis 23
Chapter 4 Quantum Teleportation with Remote Rotation 25
4.1 Quantum Teleportation with Remote Rotation 25
4.1.1 The Proposed Protocol 25
4.1.2 Comparison 27
4.2 Multi-Controller Teleportation with Remote Rotation 29
4.2.1 Two-Controller Teleportation with Remote Rotation 29
4.2.2 N-Controller Teleportation with Remote Rotation 33
4.3 Application: Controlled Quantum Teleportation Protocol 35
Chapter 5 Conclusion 37
Bibliography 38
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