進階搜尋


   電子論文尚未授權公開,紙本請查館藏目錄
(※如查詢不到或館藏狀況顯示「閉架不公開」,表示該本論文不在書庫,無法取用。)
系統識別號 U0026-2708201312415200
論文名稱(中文) 整合三角級數及能量映射方法設計多重同心圓光型之光學透鏡
論文名稱(英文) Integrating Trigonometric Series and Energy Mapping Method to Design a Novel Multiple Concentric Circles Pattern Lens
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 系統及船舶機電工程學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Systems and Naval Mechatronic Engineering
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生(中文) 李日舜
研究生(英文) Jih-Shun Li
學號 p16001041
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 82頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃明志
指導教授-沈聖智
口試委員-吳美玲
口試委員-張祥傑
中文關鍵字 發光二極體  三角級數  能量映射方法  生物趨光特性 
英文關鍵字 LED  trigonometric series  LIDC mapping  phototaxis 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本論文整合三角級數及能量映射方法設計多重同心圓光型之特殊光分佈透鏡,以符合水下生物趨光特性,其中能量映射方法是利用LED光源的配光曲線與目標面所對應的配光曲線進行透鏡設計,而三角級數則用於描述目標面明暗相間所對應的配光曲線。所設計完成之光學透鏡再由TracePro軟體驗證其光學特性,最後由CNC加工完成透鏡實體。
本論文完成TypeⅠ及TypeⅡ之透鏡,TypeⅠ透鏡其光照能量由目標面中心依序往外為暗亮暗亮暗;TypeⅡ透鏡其光照能量由目標面中心依序往外為亮暗亮暗亮。由光學模擬結果顯示,本論文所設計之透鏡與理論值可達NCC 93.7%及93.8%,經CNC加工後之透鏡透過配光曲線儀之量測,其量測結果與模擬結果兩者間之NCC值為93%~97%。此設計方法被證實為可依照目標面所對應的配光曲線、透鏡尺寸、光源特性等條件建構出所需之透鏡,而且相較於傳統的設計方法,此法可有效且快速的建構所需曲面。
英文摘要 This thesis integrates Trigonometric Series and Energy Mapping Method to design a novel concentric circles pattern lenses. The lenses match the traits of phototaxis of aquatic life. The Energy Mapping Method processes by utilizing the LIDCs of light sources to fit its correlate LIDCs of target plane. The Trigonometric Series is used in describing the LIDCs of target plane which is correlated to the light pattern with bright and dark light pattern. After completing optical design, this study verifies lenses' optical characteristics by using TracePro^®, and then fabricate lenses by CNC.
This thesis finally fabricate two kinds lenses, Type Ⅰis the light pattern with center bright alternate dark pattern, and the Type Ⅱ is the light pattern with center dark alternate with bright pattern. It is observed through simulation, the NCC of the ideal LIDCs and the LIDCs of simulation are 93.7% and 93.8%. Compare with measurement of the lenses made by CNC and the simulation, NCC is about 93%~97%. It means this method of lens design can correlate conditions, corresponding LIDCs, the size of lenses, and the characteristics of light sources etc., to fabricate the lenses needed.
論文目次 目錄
致謝 I
中文摘要 II
Abstract III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與目的 1
1.2研究架構 5
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1 LED發展歷史 7
2.2 LED照明在水下及水上的應用 9
2.3 自由曲面設計方法 14
第三章 光學理論與設計 18
3.1 LED光源分析 18
3.2多重同心圓光場分佈透鏡設計方法 19
3.2.1 配光曲線能量映射方法 19
3.2.2三角級數 25
第四章 光學元件設計 30
4.1 光學元件設計流程 30
4.2非均勻分佈LIDC透鏡之設計 31
4.3非均勻分佈透鏡模擬分析 40
第五章 光學元件特性量測與結果討論 47
5.1 配光曲線量測 50
5.1.1 LED光源配光曲線量測 52
5.1.2多重同心圓光型之光學透鏡配光曲線量測 53
5.2 光型量測 62
5.3 水下光型量測 66
第六章 結論及未來展望 69
6.1 結論 69
6.2 未來展望 70
參考文獻 71
附錄A 77
附錄B 81
參考文獻 【1】 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rayleigh_scattering
【2】 李豹德、凌德寶、林德芳、閻永祥,「我國東黃海燈光為網漁業現狀及其前途的初步探討」,山東水產學會會刊,第2卷,頁36~39,1978。
【3】 M. Marchesan, M. Spoto, L. Verginella, and E. A. Ferrero, “Behavioural effects of artificial light on fish species of commercial interest,” Fisheries Research, Vol. 73, No. 1-2, pp. 171–185, 2005.
【4】 T. Shikata, T. Shima, H. Inada, I. Miura, N. Daida, K. Sadayasu, and T. Watanabe, “Role of shaded area under squid jigging boat formed by shipboard fishing light in the processes of gathering and capturing Japanese common squid,” Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, Vol. 77, No. 1, pp. 53-60, 2011.
【5】 郭浩中、賴芳儀、郭守義,Principles and Applications of Light-emitting Diode,五南出版社。
【6】 孫瑞宏,「高功率LED應用於車前燈之設計」,國立中央大學光電科學研究所碩士論文,2006。
【7】 R. Guan, D. Tian, X. Wang , “Design and Implementation of LED Daylight Lamp Lighting System,” International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology & High Density Packaging, pp.1-3, 2008.
【8】 E. M. Guttsait,“ Analysis of LED modules for local illumination,” Journal of Communications Technology and Electronics, Vol. 52, No. 12, pp. 1377-1395, 2007.
【9】 E. M. Guttsait, “Analysis of normal and anomalous features of coefficients characterizing deviations from the inverse-square law in the application of LED modules,” Journal of Communications Technology and Electronics, Vol. 54, No. 12, pp. 1417-1434, 2009.
【10】 E. M. Guttsait,”Analysis of the illuminance provided by LED modules placed at large distances from illuminated objects,” Journal of Communications Technology and Electronics, Vol. 54, No. 1, pp. 107-118, 2009.
【11】 I. Vasilescu, K. Kotay, D. Rus, M. Dunbabin, P. Corke, “Data Collection, Storage, and Retrieval with an Underwater Sensor Network,” Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Embedded networked sensor systems, pp. 154-165, 2005.
【12】 W. C. Cox, “A 1 Mbps Underwater Communication System Using a 405 nm Laser Diode and Photomultiplier Tube,” M.S. thesis, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, 2007.
【13】 J. Simpson, “A 1 Mbps Underwater Communications System using LEDs and Photodiodes with Signal Processing Capability,” Ph.D. dissertation, NC State University, 2008.
【14】 J. Rao, W. Wei, F. Wang, X. Zhang, “An underwater optical wireless communication system based on LED source, ” Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Wuhan, China, November 2-5, 2011.
【15】 W. C. Cox, J. A. Simpson, J. F. Muth, “Underwater optical communication using software defined radio over LED and laser based links,” Proceedings - IEEE Military Communications Conference MILCOM, Baltimore, MD, United states, November 7-10, 2011.
【16】 T. Okamoto, K. Takahashi, H. Ohsawa, K. I. Fukuchi, K. Hosogane, S. Kobayashi, M. Moniwa, K. Sasa, H. Yoshino, H. Ishikawa, M. Harada, K. Asajura, H. Ishii, “Application of LEDs to fishing lights for Pacific saury,” Journal of Light and Visual Environment, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 88-92, 2008.
【17】 J. S. Choi, S. K. Choi, S. J. Kim, G. S. Kil, C. Y. Choi, “ Photoreaction analysis of squids for the development of a LED-fishing lamp,” Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Maritime and Naval Science and Engineering, Brasov, Romania, September 24-26, pp. 92-95, 2009.
【18】 D. Masuda, T. Kumazawa, Y. Takeuchi, S. Kai and Y. Matsushita, “Changes in catch composition and amount of a set-net by installing a low-power underwater light at the leader-net,” Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, Vol. 78, No. 5, pp. 870-877, 2012.
【19】 H. Arakawa, S. Choi, T. Arimoto, Y. Nakamura, “Relationship Between Underwater Irradiance and Distribution of Japanese Common Squid Under Fishing Lights of a Squid Jigging Boat,” Fisheries Science, Vol. 64, No. 4, pp. 553-557, 1998.
【20】 S. C. Shen, H. J. Huang, “Design of LED fish lighting attractors using horizontal/vertical LIDC mapping method,” Optics Express, Vol. 20, No. 24, pp. 26135-26146, 2012.
【21】 http://www.cree.com/
【22】 D. E. Spencer, L. L. Montgomery, J. F. Fitzgerald, “Macrofocal conics as reflector contours,” Journal of the optical society of America, Vol. 55, No. 1, pp. 5-11, 1965.
【23】 J. S .Schruben, “Formulmion of a reflector-design problem for a lighting fixture,” Journal of the optical society of America, Vol. 62, No. 12, pp. 1498-1501, 1972.
【24】 J. S. Schruben, “Analysis of rotationally symmetric reflectors for illuminating systems,” Journal of the Optical Society of America, Vol. 64, No. 1, pp. 55-58, 1974.
【25】 A. Timinger, J. Muschaweck, H. Ries, “Designing Tailored Free-Form Surfaces for General Illumination,” Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 5186 Design of Efficient Illumination Systems, pp. 128-132, 2003.
【26】 丁毅、顧培夫, 「實現均勻照明的自由曲面反射器」,光學學報,第27卷第3期,頁540-544,2007。
【27】 丁毅、顧培夫、陸巍、鄭臻榮,「利用微分方程數值解構造自由曲面反光器」,浙江大學學報,第41卷第9期,頁1516-1518,2007。
【28】 Y. Ding, X. Liu, Z. R. Zheng, P. F. Gu, “Freeform LED lens for uniform illumination,” Optics Express, Vol. 16, No. 17, pp. 12958-12966, 2008.
【29】 Y. Ding, P. F. Gu, Z. R. “Zheng, The Freeform Reflector for Uniform Rectangular Illumination,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 46, No. 12, pp. 7771-7773, 2007.
【30】 A. Domhardt, U. Rohlfing, K. Klinger, K. Manz, D. Koob, U. Lemmer, “Optical Design of LED-based Automotive Tail Lamps,” Nonimaging Optics and Efficient Illumination Systems IV, Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 6670, pp. 66700L1-66700L10, 2007.
【31】 A. Domhardt, U. Rohlfing, S. Weingaertner, “New Design Tools for LED Headlamps,” Optical Sensors, Proceeding of SPIE, Vol. 7003, pp. 70032C1-70032C10, 2008.
【32】 N. Shatz, J. Bortz , J. Matthews, P. Kim, “Advanced optics for LED flashlights,” Nonimaging Optics and Efficient Illumination Systems V, Proceeding of SPIE, Vol. 7059, pp. 70590D1-70590D12, 2008.
【33】 F. Chen, K. Wang, Z. Liu, X. Luo, S. Liu, “Freeform Lens for Application-Specific LED Packaging,” International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology & High Density Packaging (ICEPT-HDP), pp. 443-447, 2009.
【34】 C.S. Maria, “Ray Tracing Formulas for Monoaxial Optical components,” Apply Optics, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 354-360, 1983.
【35】 L.C. Robert, P. Thomas, C. Loren, “Distributed Ray Tracing,” Computer Graphics, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 137-144, 1984.
【36】 P. Haschberger , O. Mayer , V. Tank , H. Dieti , “Ray tracing through an eccentrically rotating retroreflector used for path-length alteration in a new Michelson interferometer,” Journal of the Optical Society of America:Optics, Image Science, and Vision, Vol. 8, No. 12, pp. 1991-2000, 1991.
【37】 P. Shirley, C. Wang, K. Zimmerman, “Monte Carlo Techniques for Direct Lighting Calculations,” ACM Transactions on Graphics, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 1-36, 1996.
【38】 黃敏豪,「雙對稱曲面光學投射元件於StVZO自行車燈之研發」,碩士論文,2010。
【39】 趙致傑,「高亮度LED模組於水下光場之設計與分析」,碩士論文,2010。
【40】 D. Wood, “Optoelectronic Semiconductor Devices,” Prentice-Hall International, pp. 84-88, 1994.
【41】 K. Wang, D. Wu, Z. Qin, F. Chen, X. Luo, and S. Liu, “New reversing design method for LED uniform illumination,” Optics Express, Vol. 19, No. 14, pp. 830-840, 2011.
【42】 J. Kajiya, “The Rendering Equation,” in Proceedings Eurographics'86, pp. 143-150, 1986.
【43】 C. C. Sun, T. X. Lee, S. H. Ma, Y. L. Lee, and S. M. Huang, “Precise optical modeling for LED lighting verified by cross correlation in the midfield region, ” Optics Letters, Vol. 31, No. 14, pp. 2193–2195, 2006.
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2023-12-31起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw