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系統識別號 U0026-2708201305075300
論文名稱(中文) 國家風景區推行無縫公共運輸政策之旅運需求分析─以關子嶺風景特定區為例
論文名稱(英文) Travel Demand Analysis of Seamless Public Transport in National Scenic Area-A Case Study of Guan-Zi-Ling Designated Scenic Area
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生(中文) 楊縈縈
研究生(英文) Ying-Ying Yang
學號 P26004106
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 136頁
口試委員 指導教授-石豐宇
口試委員-李子璋
口試委員-李宇欣
口試委員-褚志鵬
中文關鍵字 國家風景區  無縫公共運輸  敘述性偏好  多項羅吉特  巢式羅吉特 
英文關鍵字 National Scenic Area  Seamless Public Transport  Stated Preference  Multinomial Logit Model (MNL)  Nested Logit Model (NL) 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來生態旅遊成為國際間觀光的發展趨勢,而交通部觀光局於2002年所提出的「生態旅遊白皮書」亦針對國家公園、森林遊樂區與國家風景區等提出相關推動策略與具體執行計畫。然而,可進行生態旅遊之國家風景區多位於偏遠郊區,加上當地大眾運輸之班次規劃並不密集導致其使用率低,且觀光局《中華民國99年國人旅遊狀況調查報告》提及民眾旅遊時主要利用的交通工具仍以自用汽車為主(65%),此種以私人運具為主的交通模式將會排放大量的二氧化碳,若能以較永續的綠色運輸(green transport)作為主要交通方式,則對當地環境有較低程度之衝擊,也才能實現生態旅遊之理念。
以往研究顯示,旅遊系統中所消耗之能源比例又以交通運輸占大多數,是故本研究目的為進行運具間整合之政策評估,以提供便捷的及門服務(door-to-door passenger journey),並藉由降低大眾運輸系統間之轉乘成本來改善服務品質,進而吸引私人運具之使用者,以達成推動永續運輸之目的。本研究選定位於西拉雅國家風景區的關子嶺風景特定區為實證地區,應用敘述性偏好法(SP)並以多項羅吉特模式(MNL)與巢式羅吉特(NL)建立旅運需求模式,以瞭解遊客和居民運具選擇的影響因子。
研究結果顯示,以遊客模式而言,針對願意轉乘大眾運輸工具之遊客,車內時間、車外時間、旅行成本、轉乘距離、職業、年齡與教育程度對接駁運具選擇有重要影響;針對不願意轉乘而傾向使用原有運具之遊客,車內時間與車外時間對於原有運具選擇有重要影響,旅行成本則否;最後,性別、所得、同行人數與旅次起點區則為遊客是否願意轉乘大眾運輸工具之重要影響因子。以居民模式而言,針對願意轉乘大眾運輸工具之居民,旅行成本、轉乘距離與教育程度對接駁運具選擇有重要影響,旅行時間則否;針對不願意轉乘而傾向使用原有運具之居民,車內時間與車外時間對於原有運具選擇有重要影響,旅行成本則否;最後,年齡與職業則為居民是否願意轉乘大眾運輸工具之重要影響因子。
英文摘要 In recent years, eco-tourism has become the intermational trend of tourism, and the Ecotourism White Paper published by Tourism Bureau R.O.C. in 2002 also proposed related strategies and specific implementation plans for national parks, forest recreation areas and national scenic areas. However, most of the attractions for ecotourism usually lie in rural areas, where the usage rate of public transport was low resulting from inefficient timetables, and 2010 Survey of Travel by R.O.C. Citizens showed the majority of tourists, 65 percent, tend to go to these destinations by car. This kind of private mode of transport contributes carbon dioxide emissions though. If we use green transport which is more sustainable, then we could minimize the impact on local environment so as to achieve the concept of ecotourism.
Previous studies showed that transportation typically accounts for the majority of energy consumption in tourism so this research aims to evaluate intermodal integration strategies which could provide door-to-door passenger journey and improve the quality of public transport service by reducing the transfer costs so as to attract users from private modes of transport and to promote sustainable transport. This research selects Guan-Zi-Ling Designated Scenic Area in National Scenic Area to be the research scope and then applies stated preference approach, multinomial logit model and nested logit model to construct the travel demand model and then to understand the factors of tourists’ and residents' mode choice.
The result shows that, in terms of tourist model, in-vehicle time, out-of-vehicle time, travel cost, transfer distance, career, age and education level are the important factors to tourists who are willing to transfer by public transport; in-vehicle time and out-of-vehicle time are important factors, but travel cost is not, to tourists who are unwilling to transfer and tend to use their existing transport; finally, gender, income, number of peers and origin are important factors of willing to transfer public transport or not to tourists. In terms of resident model, travel cost, transfer distance and education level are the important factors, but travel time is not, to residents who are willing to transfer by public transport; in-vehicle time and out-of-vehicle time are important factors, but travel cost is not, to residents who are unwilling to transfer and tend to use their existing transport; finally, age and career are important factors of willing to transfer public transport or not to residents.
論文目次 摘要.......................................................I
Abstract.................................................III
誌謝......................................................VI
目錄.....................................................VII
表目錄.....................................................IX
圖目錄....................................................XII

第一章 緒論...............................................1
第一節 研究動機與目的.......................................1
第二節 研究範圍與內容.......................................5
第三節 研究方法與流程.......................................7
第二章 文獻回顧...........................................11
第一節 旅遊交通運輸行為相關理論回顧...........................11
第二節 無縫運輸相關理論回顧.................................14
第三節 個體選擇模式相關理論回顧..............................18
第四節 實證地區現況資料蒐集.................................21
第三章 模式理論及原理......................................27
第一節 基礎模式理論與建構...................................27
第二節 敘述性偏好法........................................32
第三節 總計預測...........................................35
第四章 資料蒐集與統計......................................37
第一節 問卷設計...........................................37
第二節 資料蒐集與調查......................................43
第三節 樣本特性分析........................................45
第四節 運具偏好關聯性分析...................................56
第五章 模式建構與分析......................................61
第一節 外地遊客運具選擇模式.................................61
第二節 當地居民運具選擇模式.................................78
第三節 總計預測...........................................92
第六章 結論與建議........................................107
第一節 結論.............................................107
第二節 後續研究與建議.....................................113
參考文獻..................................................119
附錄.....................................................124
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