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系統識別號 U0026-2707201522275000
論文名稱(中文) 探討生物藝術實踐之跨領域性:以台灣生物藝術社群為例
論文名稱(英文) Exploring the Interdisciplinarity of Bioart Practice: A Perspective from TW BioArt
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 創意產業設計研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Creative Industry Design
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 邱子峻
研究生(英文) Tzu-Chun Chiu
學號 PA6021075
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 117頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳明惠
口試委員-曾鈺涓
口試委員-林蕙玟
中文關鍵字 生物藝術  跨領域性  跨領域平台  台灣生物藝術社群 
英文關鍵字 Bioart  Interdisciplinarity  Interdisciplinary Platform  TW BioArt 
學科別分類
中文摘要 生物藝術,作為當代藝術中的新興領域,吸引了不少評論家、史學家和生物藝術本身的實踐者質疑它在藝術層面上的形式、定義與美學意涵。因生物藝術作品常透過操縱生命(如基因調控技術)或使用生物媒材(如動物組織)為表現材料與手法,因此多數的學者經常在辯論它隱含的道德議題。但除此之外,生物藝術亦可作為一聯結藝術與科學兩種文化的橋樑,它的實踐需對兩個不同領域的知識與方法論有相當程度的涉入。

本研究試圖以質性調查的方式去探討生物藝術的跨領域性。同時,此實踐通常是透過一個合作的模式與機制,所以存在相關的平台來促進其跨領域實踐的可能,研究也企圖理解跨領域平台與生物藝術實踐的關係,並以2012年成立於台灣的平台「台灣生物藝術社群」為例。

本文以個案分析及深度訪談法去探究研究現象背後的本理。研究從台灣生物藝術社群的經驗推論了跨領域性要素之間的關聯性,以及跨領域平台在這當中作為一個網絡的角色意義。
英文摘要 Bioart, as an emerging practice in contemporary art context, has drawn a substantial amount of attention from art critics, historians, and its very own practitioners to question its form, definition, and aesthetics as an art practice. Due to some bioart works manipulating living systems by using genetic engineering or employing biomaterials such as animal tissues as their expressive media, scholars have since widely discussed on its ethical issues. In addition, bioart is a practice that bridges the two cultures, art and science, and engages with knowledge and methodology of both disciplines. It is essential to explore its interdisciplinarity as a means to possibly fill the gap between the art and science.

This research aims to explore the interdisciplinarity of bioart practice through a qualitative investigation. As the interdisciplinary practice is often a collaborative process, platforms that facilitate the process exist around the world. This research also attempts to understand the relationship between the interdisciplinary platforms and the practice by taking a case study approach towards a Taiwanese bioart community, TW BioArt.

Case study and in-depth interview were conducted to generate insights to the understanding of the phenomenon. Investigation draws conclusions about the relationship of each elements of interdisciplinarity, as well as the role of the interdisciplinary platform as a network to the interdisciplinary practice from the perspective of TW BioArt.
論文目次 摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT III

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background and Motivation 1
1.2 Research Objectives 6
1.3 Research Questions 7

CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 9
2.1 Bioart: The Definition 9
2.1.1 The Beginning of the Bioart Movement 11
2.1.2 The Vitality of Bioart Media 15
2.1.3 Speculative Design and Bioart 19
2.1.4 The Ethics Behind the Aesthetics 22
2.2 Current Development of the Bioart Movement 23
2.2.1 Bioart in Europe 23
2.2.2 Bioart in the USA 27
2.2.3 Bioart in the Asia-Pacific Region 28
2.2.4 Summary 30
2.3 Interdisciplinarity: Hybridization of Knowledge and Methodology 31
2.3.1 Science as a Discipline 32
2.3.2 Arts and Humanities as a Discipline 32
2.3.3 Different Integrative Disciplinary Forms 33
2.3.4 Characteristics of Interdisciplinarity 35
2.4 The Significance of TW BioArt 38
2.5 Position of the Research 47

CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS 48
3.1 Research Strategy and Procedure 48
3.2 Research Methods 50
3.2.1 Case Study 50
3.2.2 Interview 51
3.3 Data Collection Methods 51
3.3.1 Sampling Structure 53
3.3.2 Interview Samples 54
3.4 Data Analysis Methods 60
3.4.1 Theoretical Coding 60
3.4.2 Content Analysis 62
3.5 Evaluation of Validity and Reliability 62

CHAPTER 4 DATA ANALYSIS 63
4.1 From Disciplinarity to Interdisciplinarity 63
4.1.1 Identifying the Disciplinary Nature 64
4.1.2 Confronting the Challenges 65
4.1.3 Assistance of Networks and Communities 68
4.1.4 The Interdisciplinary Process 69
4.1.5 The Purpose and Value of Interdisciplinary Engagement 72
4.1.6 Summary 75
4.2 The Role of an Interdisciplinary Platform 76
4.2.1 The Features of an Interdisciplinary Platform 76
4.2.2 Network Property of the Interdisciplinary Platform 78
4.2.3 Summary 80
4.3 The Role of TW BioArt 81
4.3.1 The Role of TW BioArt to Practitioners 82
4.3.2 The Role of TW BioArt to Participants 82
4.3.3 Summary 84

CHAPTER 5 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION 85
5.1 It Is Engagement, Not Employment 85
5.2 Thinking Within the Box 86
5.3 TW BioArt as a Network 87
5.4 Limitations 88
5.5 Conclusions and Implications for Further Research 88

REFERENCES 91

APPENDIX 97
Appendix 1 Interview Index 97
Appendix 2 Interview Transcripts 99
Appendix 2-1 Interviewee A 99
Appendix 2-2 Interviewee B 108
Appendix 3 Questionnaire Questions 116
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