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系統識別號 U0026-2611201902051200
論文名稱(中文) 從行為與認知電生理角度探討不同合作程度運動員錯誤監測能力之差異
論文名稱(英文) Differences of Error Monitoring in Athletes with Different Levels of Cooperation: From Behavioral and Cognitive Electrophysiological Perspectives
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 體育健康與休閒研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies
學年度 108
學期 1
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 林若崴
研究生(英文) Ruo-Wei Lin
學號 RB6063013
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 57頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡佳良
口試委員-潘倩玉
口試委員-陳福成
口試委員-曾鈺婷
中文關鍵字 合作程度  錯誤監測  錯誤相關負波  運動員  行為 
英文關鍵字 different levels of cooperation  error monitoring  error-related negativity  athlete  behavior 
學科別分類
中文摘要 背景:錯誤監測能力與運動息息相關,雖已有研究發現開放式運動員與封閉式運動員在處理速度與執行功能之差異,但對於這兩類運動在不同合作程度下所培養出的偵測錯誤能力尚未明確。目的:本研究透過大腦事件相關電位之表現,探討不同合作程度運動員錯誤監測之表現差異。方法:66位20-30歲男性運動員依照所從事運動項目的不同進行分組:無合作組(NC)21人、低合作組(LC)24人、和高合作組(HC)21人。每位研究參與者皆施以Stroop認知測驗,同步收錄其行為(反應時間、正確率)與腦波資料(錯誤相關負波之振幅)。所得資料以混合設計重複量數變異數進行統計分析。結果:本研究發現HC組大腦皮質的錯誤相關負波振幅顯著大於NC組(p=.014)與LC組(p<.001),但NC組與LC組之間並無顯著差異。此外,這三組在反應時間和正確率上均未達組間顯著差異。結論:本研究顯示,不同合作程度運動員會表現出不同錯誤監測之大腦認知電生理表現,合作程度較高者相對於較低者展現出較佳的認知處理能力。
英文摘要 Background: The ability of error monitoring is related to sport performance. A number of studies have explored the differences of processing speed and executive function between open-skilled sports and close-skilled competitors. However, no research has conducted on the ability of error monitoring in the athletes with different levels of cooperation. Purpose: The aim of this study examined the neurocognitive performance of such a cognitive process in the different levels of athletes. Methods: Sixty-six participants were recruited and divided into three groups [i.e. no cooperation (NC, n=21), low cooperation (LC, n=24), and high cooperation (HC, n=21) groups] according to the number of teammates during a competition. All participants performed the Stroop paradigm with concomitant electrophysiological recording. Data was analyzed statistically by a mixed factorial analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: The results showed that the error-related negativity (ERN) amplitudes in HC group were only significantly larger than those in the NC group (p=.014) and LC group (p<.001). However, there were no significant differences in reaction time and accuracy between groups. Conclusions: The current data suggested that the athletes with different levels of cooperation exhibited different abilities of error monitoring in the cognitive-electrophysiological indices, with the athletes with higher levels of cooperation showing better cognitive process.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 VI
第壹章、緒論 1
第一節、研究背景 1
第二節、研究目的 4
第三節、研究假設 4
第四節、名詞操作性定義 5
第貳章、文獻回顧 6
第一節、執行功能與抑制控制 6
第二節、錯誤監測與運動中合作程度 8
第三節、錯誤相關負波(ERN)與運動中錯誤監測 10
第四節、運動與Stroop任務 11
第五節、總結 12
第叄章、研究方法 13
第一節、研究參與者 13
第二節、實驗材料 14
第三節、實驗程式及架構 15
第四節、Stroop認知測驗圖示 17
第五節、腦波資料(ERP)收集與分析 18
第六節、統計分析 20
第肆章、結果 21
第一節、合作人數與ERN振幅之關係 21
第二節、研究參與者之基本情況與行為、認知電生理表現 25
第伍章、討論 33
第一節、合作人數與錯誤監測能力之關係 33
第二節、行為與認知電生理表現 35
第三節、研究限制 39
第陸章、結論與建議 40
第一節、結論 40
第二節、未來研究建議 40
參考文獻 41

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