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論文名稱(中文) 區塊鏈架構下的建築協作模式
論文名稱(英文) A Blockchain Framework for Architectural Collaboration
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 蔡昕璇
研究生(英文) Hsin-Hsuan Tsai
學號 N76051039
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 70頁
口試委員 指導教授-鄭泰昇
口試委員-羅嘉祥
口試委員-宋立文
中文關鍵字 建築協作  建築資訊模型  區塊鏈  智能合約 
英文關鍵字 Architectural Collaboration  Blockchain  BIM  Smart Contract 
學科別分類
中文摘要 當建築設計的流程與規模逐漸擴展的今天,隨著科技越趨進步的今天,電腦輔助設計成為了主流,圖紙的式微與新科技的應用,開始出現越來越多的科技輔助建築設計,然而建築產業的三大領域 ,建築(Architecture),工程(Engineering),營造(Construction)之中,為了各專業領域間的溝通協調、資料傳遞與資訊承載的原因,同時為了整合這三大建築領域,透過建築資訊模型(Building Information Modeling)概念的建立,開展了建築設計流程的協作模式,試圖結合各領域專業者的專業知識、軟體整合與應用,能夠利用電腦模型的幫助,建立三維像度空間模型,設計、對照、協作、模擬,協同一個建築案裡面存在的各專業知識,試圖統一彼此資訊的檔案溝通格式的建立,到設計流程的責任歸屬與分工釐清,都能在一套模型檔案裡面完成,從最早期的電腦三維像度(3 Dimension, 3D)模型開始,加入了時間(4D),成本預算(5D),甚至含括後續的維護管理與保養維護,智能設備的確立,如此多樣龐雜的數據與資訊資料庫的產生與後續資訊轉移的交接,若能在各個階段完成時,透過交易進行的方法與交易記錄的確立,使得使用者更為願意提供資訊的完整性,因為這些資訊透過交易能夠換取即時的利益。
上述流程包含了多階層的來回資訊傳遞與交易執行,本研究期望透過區塊鏈(Blockachain)架構的應用,推進建築設計流程的進展與加深多方專業合作的信任,利用區塊鏈架構所延伸的智能合約(Smart Contract)來作為交易關鍵階段發生時的流程自動化執行,進行程式碼的演算法驗證,並且同時聯結第三方單位來進行資訊交換的正確性與公正性,同時確保了資訊交接的過程與價值交換的產生,透過交易的方式來提升使用者對於科技系統所帶來的便利性,如同人類從最早期的以物易物,發展至後來的貝殼、錢幣、紙鈔,到如今的信用卡支付、網路轉帳交易、手機支付,金錢的價值不再是觸手可及的實體,取而代之的是一串電腦資訊的程式代碼,與一行數字與交易記錄的產生,而我們可以藉此換來我們所需要的事物,甚至是資訊的交換,價值的交易。
本論文主要完成的部分,提出以下三點討論:
1_建築協作流程的交易節點探討
2_區塊鏈架構應用於建築協作的優勢
3_智能合約應用於建築設計交易平台

關鍵字:建築協作、建築資訊模型、區塊鏈、智能合約
英文摘要 This paper has developed a blockchain framework for architectural collaboration. The framework is composed of building information modeling (BIM) systems that adopt Etherum to develop a simulation of Smart Contract Platform e.g. payment terms, liens, confidentially, even enforcement. From data assets to graphical information, the systems create a building life-cycle passport in every design transaction, which ensures the real and right information from this platform with transaction records. The contribution of this research includes: (1) redefining architectural collaboration by providing a blockchain framework with peer-to-peer transaction networks; (2) enhancing architectural design workflow by adopting blockchain framework; (3) architectural transaction platform adopting Smart Contract that can execute automatically


Key words: Architectural Collaboration, Blockchain, BIM, Smart Contract
論文目次 目次
摘要 I
Extended Abstract II
誌謝 IV
目錄 V
圖目錄 VII
第一章:緒論 1
1.1_研究背景 2
1.2_研究動機 4
1.3_研究方法 5
第二章:建築資訊交換 8
2.1_建築資訊系統 8
2.2_建築發展關聯(Relevance) 9
2.3_建築資訊模型(BIM)發展現況 10
2.4_ 區塊鏈+ BIM(Building Information Model) 13
第三章:區塊鏈技術 16
3.1_區塊鏈定義 18
3.3_區塊鏈技術下的型態區分 22
3.4_智能合約( Smart Contract ) 26
3.5_區塊鍊網路架構的關鍵特徵 29
3.6_意識形態轉變與使用者獎勵措施 31
3.7_透過網路來達成共識 33
3.8_小結 36
第四章:區塊鏈技術應用 37
4.1_區塊鏈應用概念範例 38
4.2_ARUP區塊鏈白皮書 41
4.3_非政府組織( non-government organisations, NGOs ) 45
第五章:區塊鏈架構下的建築協作模式 46
5.1_ 區塊鏈架構設計協作 46
5-2_ 區塊鏈架構與建築協作模式 49
第六章:結論與後續發展 57
6.1_研究結論 57
6.2_ 後續發展 58
附錄 60
參考文獻 68
中文資料 68
英文資料 68
網站資料 69
參考文獻 中文資料
鄭泰昇(2016)。 BIM雲端作業之先導應用與AEC產業4.0升級策略規劃研究,內政部建築研究所
鄭泰昇(2018)。 BIM智慧元件之知識模組建構與雲端作業研究,內政部建築研究所
郭榮欽(2017)。再談COBie,營建知訊 Site: https://www.ntubim.net/bim2356027396/-cobie-20177

英文資料
Arup Group Limited. (2017). Emerging Technology Timeline. Arup Group Limited. United Kingdom, London, W1T 4BQ: Author.
Arup Group Limited. (2019). BLOCKCHAIN AND THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT. United Kingdom, London, W1T 4BQ: Author.
Atsushi, S., Ikuo, M., Go, H., Satoshi, H., Masafumi, K., Shingo, I., Yuki, K. (2016). JPX WORKING PAPER_Applicability of Distributed Ledger Technologyto Capital Market Infrastructure. Japan Exchange Group.
Adam, F., Tsai, H., Jeng, T. (2019). A BLOCKCHAIN APPROACH TO SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN A BIM-ENABLED ENVIRONMENT. CAADRIA 2019.
Christopher, K., Matthias, G., Mark, B. (2017). Block Technology: How the Inventions Behind Bitcoin are Enabling a Network of Trust for the Built Environment. Arup Group Limited[ARUP].
Claudio, L. (2018). DLT/Blockchain Architectures and Reference Frameworks: A System-of-System Model. Blockchain Engineering Council[BEC].
Cloud Standards Customer Council. (2017). Cloud Customer Architecture for Blockchain white paper. Author
Dodgson, K., Baynham-Herd, Z., Symons, K. (2018). Blockchain and global challenges: A Roadmap for NGOs. Edinburgh Futures Institute Paper.
Esther, M., Johannes, G., Kerstin, R., Scott, K., Lawrence, O., Christof W. (2018). Designing microgrid energy markets: A case study: The Brooklyn Microgrid
Mathews, M., Robles, D., Bowe, B. (2017). BIM+Blockchain: A Solution to the Trust Problem in Collaboration?. CITA BIM Gathering. Dublin Institute of Technology.
Matthew, H. & ED, V. (2016). Adviser Distributed Ledger Technology: beyond block chain. Government Office for Science.
Nom, V. P. (2016). Can the blockchain help accelerate the energy transition in France and in Europe.
Preidel, C., Borrmann, A., Oberender, C., & Tretheway, M. (2017). Seamless integration of common data environment access into BIM authoring applications: The BIM integration framework.
Satoshi, N. (2007). Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System.
Steve, Z. (2018). Crypto Simplified: Explaning Permissioned Blockchains.
Sanjay, P., Sumabala, N., Paul, B., Veena, P. (2015). ADEPT: An IoT Practitioner Perspective. International Business Machines Corporation[IBM].
Sergio, N. Z. (2018). Collaborative housing and blockchain. De Gruyter. Administration, vol. 66, 59–82. doi: 10.2478/admin-2018-0018.
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網站資料
AUTODESK. CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE. Autodesk BIM 360. Site: https://www.autodesk.com/bim-360/
Alex, T. (2016). The Internet of things needs a ledger of things. Site: https://www.forbes.com/sites/alextapscott/2016/08/08/the-internet-of-things-needs-a-ledger-of-things/#613e875840d1
Dave, H. (2017). The Impact of Blockchain Technology on the Construction Industry. Site: https://medium.com/the-basics-of-blockchain/the-impact-of-blockchain-technology-on-the-construction-industry-85ab78c4aba6
European Union[EU]. (2016). European within Horizon 2020, 2016. Site: https://www.bamb2020.eu
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HASIB, A. (2018). Consensus Algorithms: The Root Of The Blockchain Technology. Site: https://101blockchains.com/consensus-algorithms-blockchain/#prettyPhoto
Josh, N. (2017). Blockchain Project EcosystemMarket Map and Musings on the State of the Ecosystem. Site: https://medium.com/@josh_nussbaum/blockchain-project-ecosystem-8940ababaf27
Matthew, L. & Bill, B. (2015). Blockchain Enabled Co-Housing. Site: https://medium.com/@MatthewLohry/blockchain-enabled-co-housing-de48e4f2b441
Marty, R. (2014). What Is BIM Level 3?. Site: https://blogs.3ds.com/perspectives/what-is-bim-level-3/
Monegraph. (2017). Monegraph is a creative blockchain studio. Site: https://monegraph.com/#Case-
Stan, H. (2015). IBM Reveals Proof of Concept for Blockchain-Powered Internet of Things. Site: https://www.coindesk.com/ibm-reveals-proof-concept-blockchain-powered-internet-things
Ujo. (2015). LIBERATING MUSIC - Connecting artists and fans directly using Ethereum. Site: https://www.ujomusic.com/
Vignesh, B. (2017). BIM Maturity Level. Site: https://thebimhub.com/2017/07/14/bim-maturity-level/#.XRNOpOszapq
Vitalik, B. (2015). Blockchains & Distributed Ledger Technologies. Site: https://blockchainhub.net/blockchains-and-distributed-ledger-technologies-in-general/
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