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系統識別號 U0026-2608201522325600
論文名稱(中文) 印尼水產養殖湖泊保育整合評估方法之研究
論文名稱(英文) STUDY ON INTEGRATED EVALUATION METHODOLOGY FOR AQUACULTURE LAKES PRESERVATION IN INDONESIA
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 水利及海洋工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Hydraulics & Ocean Engineering
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 蔡約信
研究生(英文) Robby Yussac Tallar
學號 N88987018
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 109頁
口試委員 指導教授-孫建平
召集委員-詹錢登
口試委員-張智華
口試委員-邱郁文
口試委員-陳宣汶
中文關鍵字 養殖型湖泊  指標  美感值  德波地區  整合型評估方法 
英文關鍵字 aquaculture lakes index  aesthetic value  Depok Area  integrated evaluation methodology 
學科別分類
中文摘要 土地使用對於水質之影響較為複雜,且兩者間之關係會隨著地區而變化,需要進行更多更深入的探討分析。本研究選擇印尼德波地區作為研究區域,針對該區域內集水區與水體條件進行全面評估,於水質相關變量部分係採用主成分分析與群集分析以精簡變量數量,再基於水質特性以分類水體。本研究發展一個養殖水質指標以評估湖泊特性,並選用不同的水質參數來表示養殖型湖泊的物理、化學以及微生物特性。此外,本研究亦將湖景因子納入考慮,湖景因子可用評估湖泊美感值。美感值估算先採用錄影帶問卷與改良型視覺品質評估法以瞭解受測者感知,再藉以估算德波地區多用途湖泊的美感值。分析結果顯示錄影帶問卷可有效辨識與量測生物物理屬性認知相關的美感值。本研究建立一個概念性評估框架以應用於養殖型湖泊保育,主要藉由養殖水質指標進行湖泊特性評估,該指標可應用於發展中國家以作為一個有效與低成本之監測工具,本研究成果可供生態水資源管理研究方法於保育與評估養殖型湖泊之相關應用作為參考。
英文摘要 The relationship between land use and water quality was complex and likely to be site-specific, and more work was required to quantify this. This paper first reviewed the water quality status using three WQI methods, and analyzed by using Principle Component Analysis (PCA) and Cluster Analysis (CA) to reduce data of some water quality parameters, as well as to group the various waterbodies based on their water quality characteristics. It thus presented a comprehensive assessment of watershed and waterbody conditions in Depok Area, and their relationship with each other. An Aquaculture Water Quality Index (AWQI) was developed for use in an aquacultural context. The selected water quality parameters were representing the integration of physico-chemical and microbiological properties of aquaculture lakes. The AWQI developed in this work can be used as an effective, low-cost water quality monitoring program for developing countries. Because AWQI emphasized the simplicity and understandability as it must communicate to decision makers and the experts. Waterscape lakes also considered in this study because they played an important role in understanding aesthetic value of lakes. The current study implemented an enhanced visual quality assessment method by using a video-questionnaire to assess the aesthetic value of multi-purpose lakes in Depok Area, Indonesia, based on the perceptions of respondents. The results showed that the video-questionnaire method was quite efficient, easy to use, and understandable in identifying and measuring aesthetic value in relation to perceptions of bio-physical attributes. The final purpose was to design a conceptual framework of integrated evaluation methodology for aquaculture lakes preservation in Indonesia.
論文目次 ABSTRACT i
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iv
LIST OF TABLES vi
LIST OF FIGURES ix
LIST OF ACRONYMS x

CHAPTER 1. Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Objectives 1
1.3 Data source 2
1.4 Structure of dissertation 3
1.5 Contribution of the study 4
CHAPTER 2. Literature Reviews 5
2.1 The evolution of WQI 5
2.2 STORET index 6
2.3 An overview of West Java Water Sustainability Index (WJWSI) 8
CHAPTER 3. Materials and Methods 15
3.1 Description of study area 15
3.2 Source materials and methodology 16
3.2.1 The AHP approach 19
3.2.2 Respondents 23
3.2.3 The process of data collection 24
3.2.4 Statistical analysis 26
CHAPTER 4. Results and Discussions 27
4.1 Results and discussions from step one of the research 27
4.2 Results and discussions from step two of the research 40
4.2.1 A snapshot of aquaculture conditions in Indonesia 40
4.2.2 A comparative results of applying WQI at four aquaculture lakes 42
4.2.3 Assessment results of four aquaculture lakes 44
4.2.4 The process of the AWQI 48
4.3 Results and discussions from step three of the research 56
4.3.1 Perceptions of the direct and indirect respondents 56
4.3.2 The relationships among bio-phsical attributes 65
4.3.3 The prospects of further development of integrated lakes management and policy 68
CHAPTER 5. Summary 70
5.1 Conclusions 70
5.2 Synthesizing A Conceptual Framework of Integrated Evaluation Methodology 74
5.3 Future research 77
REFERENCES 78
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