進階搜尋


 
系統識別號 U0026-2608201116483400
論文名稱(中文) 整合成員專業能力多樣性達到團隊雙面兼備創新之研究:以開放式創新學生競賽團隊為例
論文名稱(英文) Integrating Functional Competence Diversity toward Innovation Ambidexterity: A Study of Student Teams in Open Innovation Competition
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 企業管理學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Business Administration
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 陳美菱
研究生(英文) Mei-Ling Chen
學號 R46984116
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 83頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳淑惠
口試委員-張淑昭
口試委員-余明助
口試委員-鄭文英
中文關鍵字 開放式創新  專業能力多樣性  雙面兼備創新  整合機制 
英文關鍵字 Open Innovation  Functional Competence Diversity  Ambidexterity  Integration Mechanism 
學科別分類
中文摘要 來自於不同組織、部門與專業領域組成的開放式創新團隊擁有高度的成員專業能力多樣性,為團隊帶來豐富知識基礎以及問題分析多元觀點,促進團隊藉由改善既有的知識與技術以解決當前顧客問題,同時亦產生全新的知識與技術以滿足新興市場需求。然而,異質性高的開放式創新團隊往往面臨到了低凝聚力、高變動性以及高認知差距的合作挑戰,故本研究嘗試設計正式與非正式團隊整合機制(如共同目標與社會互動)以及正式與非正式成員整合機制(如承諾與自我效能),並檢測開放式創新學生團隊架構下之成員專業能力多樣性、整合機制與團隊雙面兼備創新之關係。
近年來,越來越多的企業、政府與學術單位相繼舉辦開放式創新競賽,透過具備豐富創造力的跨領域學生團隊,為企業與產業帶來多元創新概念與觀點。因此本研究經由立意抽樣調查186位具備開放式創新學生團隊合作經驗之受測者,了解其面臨到的合作困難與挑戰並驗證本研究架構與假說。經由方法分析與驗證後,本研究發現成員專業能力多樣性對於團隊雙面兼備創新具有影響關係,且共同目標、承諾與自我效能對成員專業能力多樣性與團隊雙面兼備創新間有中介效果。意即藉由清晰且明確的目標將可促使具備專業能力多樣性的成員們,針對創新目標各自發揮所長;亦可經由正式承諾增進成員的責任感,在努力不懈與盡力付出下促進創新成果的產生;最後可藉由非正式整合機制中的自我效能,促使成員在不確定性高的環境下克服困難,充分發揮各自的專業能力並達成團隊雙面兼備創新。
英文摘要 This study investigates the influence of integration mechanism on coordinating functional competence diversity to simultaneously pursue exploration and exploitation. Especially, open innovation teams are gathered from heterogenic professionals and work collaboratively. We design formal and informal team integration mechanisms (e.g., shared goal and social interaction), and, formal and informal member integration mechanisms (e.g., commitment and self-efficacy) and examine how they mediate the relationship between functional competence diversity and innovation ambidexterity.
Using 186 usable surveys from student teams of open innovation competition and conducting hierarctical regression analysis, the findings suggest that functional competence diversity is positively related to team innovation ambidexterity. Besides, it shows that shared goals, commitment and self-efficacy mediate the relationships between functional competence diversity and innovation ambidexterity. That is, through the clarity shared goals of the open innovation student teams, participated members can avoid possible misunderstandings in their communications in the creative process. Team will utilize their abilities and try hard to achieve ambidexterity by strongly commitment. Finally, members believe in their abilities and overcome the obstacles to achieve ambidexterity through self-efficacy. We contribute to a better understanding of how open innovation team may effectively integrate diverse functional competences to achieve ambidexterity.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 V
圖目錄 VI
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究問題與目的 4
第三節 研究流程與架構 6
第二章 文獻探討 8
第一節 開放式創新競賽 8
第二節 開放式創新團隊成員專業能力與多樣性 12
第三節 團隊雙面兼備創新 17
第四節 整合機制 23
第三章 研究設計與方法 34
第一節 研究架構與假說 34
第二節 問卷設計 36
第三節 抽樣設計 46
第四節 分析方法 49
第四章 研究結果與分析 50
第一節 樣本基本資料 50
第二節 效度與信度檢測 54
第三節 假說驗證 58
第五章 結論與建議 66
第一節 研究結論 66
第二節 管理意涵 68
第三節 研究限制與後續研究建議 69
參考文獻 71
附錄一 競賽參與成員訪談問卷 77
附錄二 正式問卷 80
參考文獻 中文參考文獻
吳明隆(2008)。結構方程模式(二版)。臺北市:五南。
英文參考文獻
1.Abernathy, W. J. & Clark, K. (1985). Mapping the winds of creative destruction. Research policy, 14, 3-22.
2.Ashforth, B. E. & Mael, F. (1989). Social identity theory and the organization. Academy of management Review, 14(1), 20-39.
3.Bandura, A. & Cervone, D. (1983). Self-evaluative and self-efficacy mechanisms governing the motivational effects of goal system. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1017-1028.
4.Bandura, A. & Ozer, E. M. (1990). Mechanisms governing empowerment effects: a self-efficacy analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58(3), 472-486.
5.Bandura, A., Debowski, S. & Wood, R. E. (2001). Impact of guided exploration and
6.Bandura, A. & Locke, E. A. (2003). Negative self-efficacy and goal effects revisited. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(1), 87-99.
7.enactive exploration on self-regulatory mechanisms and information acquisition through electronic search. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(6), 1129-1141.
8.Bartunek, J. M., Fishman, P. G. & Keys, C. B. (1996). Using collaborative advocacy to foster intergroup cooperation: a joint insider-outsider investigation. Human Relations, 49(6), 701-733.
9.Benner, M. J. & Tushman, M. L. (2003). Exploitation, exploration, and process management: the productivity dilemma revisited. Academy of management Review, 28, 238-256.
10.Cavone, A. (2000). Management style in industrial R&D organizations. European Journal of Innovation Management, 3(2), 59-71.
11.Chatenier, E. D., Verstegen, J. A. A. M., Biemans, H. A. J., Mulder, M. and Omta, O. S. W. F. (2010). Identification of competencies for professionals in open innovation teams. R&D Management, 40(3), 271-283.
12.Chen, M. H., Chang, Y. C. & Hung, S. C. (2008). Social capital and creativity in R&D project teams. R&D Management, 38(1), 21-34.
13.Chesbrough, H. (2003) Open innovation: The new imperative for creating and profiting from technology.
14.Danneels, E. (2002). The dynamics of product innovation and firm competences. Strategic Management Journal, 23, 1095-1121.
15.Delamare, F. & Winterton, J. (2005). What is competence? Human Resource Development International, 8(1), 27-46.
16.Denison, D., Hart, S. and Kahn, J. (1996). From chimneys to cross-functional work teams: developing and validating a diagnostic model. Academy of management Journal, 39, 1005-1024.
17.Dodgson, M. Gann, D. & Salter, A. (2006). The role of technology in the shift towards open innovation: the case of Procter & Gamble. R&D management, 36(3), 333-346.
18.Donnellon, A. (1996). Cross-functional teams in product development: accommodating the structure to the process. Journal of Innovation management, 10, 337-392.
19.Doz, Y. L. & Hamel, G. (1998). Alliance advantage: The art of creating value through partnering. Boston MA: Harvard Business School Press.
20.Dyer, J. H. & Nobeoka, K. (2000). Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: the Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal, 21, 345-367.
21.Ebner, Winfried, Leimeister, J. M. & Krcmar, H. (2009). Community engineering for innovations: the ideas competition as a method to nature a virtual community for innovations. R&D management, 39(4), 342-356.
22.Enkel, E., Gassmann, O. & Chebrout, H. (2006). Open R&D and open innovation: exploring the phenomenon. R&D Management, 39(4), 311-316.
23.Fagerberg, J. (2004). Innovation: a guide to the literature. In: Fagerberg, J., Mowery, D.C. and Nelson, R.R.R. (eds.), the Oxford Handbook of Innovation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1-26.
24.Gassmann, O., Enkel, E., & Chesbrough, H. (2010). The future of open innovation. R&D Management, 40(3), 213-221.
25.Gibson, C. B., & Birkinshaw, J. (2004). The antecedents, consequences, and mediating role of organizational ambidexterity. Acad. Management, J.47, 209-226.
26.Hafkesbrink, J., & Schroll, M. (2010). Organizational competences for open innovation in small medium sized enterprises of the digital economy. 1-24.
27.Hamel, G. (1991). Competition for competence and inter-partner learning within international strategy alliance. Strategy Management Journal, 12, 83-103.
28.Hansen, M. T. (1999). The search-transfer problem: the role of weak ties in sharing knowledge across organization subunits. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44, 82-111.
29.He, Z., & Wong, P. (2004). Exploration vs. exploitation: AN empirical test of the ambidexterity hypothesis. Organ. Sci., 15, 481-494.
30.Hoan, C., Gotteland, D. and Fornerino, M. (2009). Familiarity and competence diversity in new product development teams: Effects on new product performance. Market Lett, 20, 75-89.
31.Hoegl, M. & Parboteeah, K. P. (2006). Team goal commitment in innovation project. International Journal of Innovation Management, 10(3), 299-324.
32.Jansen, J. J. P., Van Den Bosch, A. J. & Volberda, H. W. (2006). Exploratory innovation, exploitative innovation, and performance: effects of organizational antecedents and environmental moderators. Management Science, 52(11), 1661-1674.
33.Jansen, J. J. P., Tempelaar, M. P., Van Den Bosch, A. J. & Volberda, H. W. (2009). Structural differentiation an ambidexterity: The mediating role of integration mechanisms. Organization Science, 20(4), 797-811.
34.Jehn, K. A., Northcraft, G. B. & Neale, M. A. (1999). Why differences make a difference: a field study of diversity, conflict, and performance in workgroups. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44, 741-763.
35.Kline, C. J. & Petrick, J. A. (1991). Behavioral commitment and tenure of new employees: a replication and extension. Academy of management Journal, 34(1), 194-204.
36.Kogut, B. & Zander, U. (1996). Knowledge of the firm, combinative capabilities, and replication of technology. Organizational Science, 3, 383-397.
37.Kratzer, J., Leenders, R. Th. A. J. and van Engelen, J. M. L. (2006). Team polarity and creative performance in innovation teams. Creativity and Innovation Management, 15, 96-104.
38.Kumart, R. & Kelly, L. (2005). Self-efficacy, social and cultural issues in designing online technology skills transfer programs: a Mexican context. Journal of Information Science and Technology, 2(4), 73-92.
39.Kumart, R. & Uzkurt, C. (2010). Investigating the effects of self efficacy on innovativeness and the moderating impact of cultural dimensions. Journal of International Business and Cultural Studies, 1-15.
40.Lawrence, P. R. & Lorsch, J. W. (1967). Differentiation and integration in complex organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 12, 1-47.
41.Lawson, B. Petersen, K. J., Cousins, P. D. & Handfield, R. B. (2009). Knowledge sharing in interorganizational product development teams: the effect of formal and informal socialization mechanisms. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 26, 156-172.
42.Lee, S. Park, G., Yoon, B & Park, J. (2008). Open innovation in SMEs-An intermediated network model. Research Policy, 39(2), 290-300.
43.Levinthal, D. A. & March, J. G. (1993). The myopia of learning. Strategic Management Journal, 14, 95-112.
44.Liang, T. P., Liu, C. C., Lin, T. M. & Lin, B. S. (2007). Effect of team diversity on software project performance. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 107(5), 636-653.
45.Locke, E. A., Latham, G. P. & Erez, M. (1988). The determinants of goal commitment. Academy of management Review, 13(1), 23-40.
46.Lovelace, K., Shapiro, D. L. & Weingart, L. R. (2001). Maximizing cross-functional new product teams’ innovativeness and constraint adherence: a conflict communications perspective. Academy of management Journal, 44, 779-793.
47.Lubatkin, M. H., Simsek, Z., Ling, Y., & Veiga, J. F. (2006). Ambidexterity and performance in small-to medium-sized firms: The pivotal role of TMT behavioral integration. J. Management, 32(5), 1-27.
48.March, J. G. (1991). Exploration and exploitation in organizational learning. Organizational Science, 2, 71-81.
49.Mathieu, J., Maynard, M. T., Rapp, T. & Gilson, L. (2008). Team effectiveness 1997-2007: a review of recent advancements and a glimpse into the future. Journal of Management, 34, 410-476.
50.McDonough, E. F. (2000). Investigation of factors contributing to the success of cross-functional teams. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 7(2), 91-118.
51.Mumford, M. D. (2000). Social innovation: ten cases from Benjamin Franklin. Creativity Research Journal, 14, 253-266.
52.Murder, M. (2007). Competence: the essence and use of the concept in ICVT. European Journal of Vocational Training, 40, 5-22.
53.Nahapiet, J. E. & Goshal, S. (1998). Social capital, intellectual capital, organizational advantage. Academy of management Review, 23, 242-266.
54.Nelson, R. E. (1989). The strength of strong tie social network and intergroup conflict in organizations. Academy of management Journal, 32, 377-401.
55.Pandey, S. & Sharma, R. R. K. (2008). Organizational factors for exploration and exploitation.
56.Pelled, L. H., Eisenhardt, K. M. & Xin, K. R. (1999). Exploring the black box: an analysis of work group diversity, conflicts and performance. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44, 1-28.
57.Pinto, J. K. & Prescott, J. E. (1988). Variations critical success factors over the stages in the project life cycle. Journal of management. 4, 5-18.
58.Quigley, N. R., Tesluk, P. E., Locke, E. A. & Bartol, K. M. (2007). A multilevel investigation knowledge sharing and performance. Organizational Science, 18(1), 71-88.
59.Raisch, S., Birkinshaw, J., Probst, G. & Tushman, M. L. (2009). Organizational ambidexiterity: Balancing exploitation and exploration for sustained performance. Organizational Science, 20(4), 685-695.
60.Reginato, J. M. (2009). Evaluating project robustness through the lens of the business model. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, 6(2), 155-167.
61.Ritter, T. & Genmuenden, H. G. (2002). The impact of a company’s business strategy on its technological competence, network competence and innovation success. Journal of Business Research, 57, 548-556.
62.Rothaermel, F. T. & Alexandre, M. T. (2009). Ambidexterity in technology sourcing: the moderating role of absorptive capacity. Organizational Science, 20(4), 759-780.
63.Schippers, M. C., Den Hartog, D. N., Koopman, P. L. & Wienk, J. A. (2003). Diversity and team outcomes: the moderating effects of outcome interdependence and group longevity and the mediating effect of reflexivity. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, 779-802.
64.Sicotte, H., & Langley, A. (2000). Integration mechanisms and R&D project performance. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 17, 1-37.
65.Smith, K. G., Collins, C. J. and Clark, K. D. (2005). Existing knowledge, Knowledge creating capability, and the rate of new product introduction in high technology firms. Academy of management Journal, 48, 346-357.
66.Souder, W. E. (1981). Disharmony between R&D and marketing. Industrial Marketing Management, 10, 67-73.
67.Souder, W. E., Sherman, J. D., & Davies-Cooper, R. (1998). Environmental uncertainty, organizational integration, and new product development effectiveness: a test of contingency theory. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 15(6), 520-533.
68.Thompson, L. (2003). Improving the creativity of organizational work group, Academy of management Executive, 17, 96-111.
69.Tidd, J., Bessant, J. and Pavitt, K. (2001). Managing innovation: Integrating technological, Market and Organizational Change, 2nd edn. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.
70.Woodman, R. W., Sawyer, J. E. & Griffin, R. W. (1993). Toward a theory organizational creativity. Academy of management Review, 16, 2SS-4SS.
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2017-01-09起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2017-01-09起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw