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系統識別號 U0026-2607201614135700
論文名稱(中文) 結合電腦通訊與控制技術於配電變電站之監控應用
論文名稱(英文) Applications of Advanced Computer Communication and Control Technology for Modern Substations
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 電機工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Electrical Engineering
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 曾慶權
研究生(英文) Ching-Chuan Tseng
學號 N28971227
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 97頁
口試委員 口試委員-鄭旭志
口試委員-郭文中
口試委員-蔡政穆
口試委員-劉承宗
口試委員-黃昌圳
口試委員-王耀諄
口試委員-楊竹興
口試委員-李建興
指導教授-郭致宏
指導教授-王 醴
中文關鍵字 交錯碼多重擷取  分碼多重擷取  光交錯碼多重擷取  光分碼多重擷取正交分頻多重擷取  相位偏移調變  正交相移調變  正交振幅調變  位元錯誤率  紅外線  多重折疊渦輪  不等保護  系統監控和資料擷取  水下聲波通訊  潮汐發電系統  光伏發電系統  風力發電系統  微渦輪發電系統 
英文關鍵字 Interleave division multiple access  code division multiple access  orthogonal frequency division multiplexing  binary phase shift keying  quadrature phase shift keying  quadrature amplitude modulation  bit error rate  infrared  supervisory control and data acquisition  underwater acoustic communication  tidal power generation system  photo-voltaic power generation system  wind power generation system  micro-turbine power generation system  multi-fold turbo  unequal error protection 
學科別分類
中文摘要 在電力發展趨勢,尤其在配電變電站自動化、供電與分散式電源的管理,所以本論文特別探討運用交錯碼多重擷取/分碼多重擷取、光交錯碼多重擷取/光分碼多重擷取、分碼多重擷取/正交分頻多重擷取及交錯碼多重擷取/正交分頻多重擷取等通訊資料處理與監控方式分別運用在電力線/光纖/無線等網路上傳送資料與讀或擷取訊息,並結合電腦與通訊系統作為分析與判定及後續動作,因為使用智慧電網來作監控各項電力設備與改善分散式電源分配,也整合發電廠與分散發電等系統運用在配電變電站系統上作為改善供電管理與分配、進行資料傳送或讀或擷取訊息,以達監控各項電力設備目的。利用電腦將類比資料轉變數位資料加入至混合通訊系統,透過電力線/光纖/無線等上傳送資料與讀或擷取訊息,經由訊息判讀與分析後當作監控電力系統的各項電力設備與分散式電源管理。目前配電變電站系統以運用電腦與混合通訊系統相互結合作為讀或擷取各項電力設備資料來進行監控各項電力設備,並用智慧電網達到配電系統自動化地步。
大都會、一般城市均普遍使用光纖與無線通訊網路,由其光纖在通訊傳輸技術上
,提供交錯碼多重擷取/分碼多重擷取、光交錯碼多重擷取/光分碼多重擷取等通訊系統,並提供傳輸位元率大於14 Tb/s、位元錯誤率小於10-9、傳輸距離大於160公里
、在訊號彼此間干擾少、訊號衰比較少、建造成本逐漸少、具高速傳輸及較大容量等優點,可作為配電變電站系統作為讀或擷取或傳送各項電力設備資料的通訊網路,而在無線通訊技術上,提供建造成本低及安裝簡易等優點適合智慧電網的環境下運作,也可適合作配電變電站系統來監控電力設備的通訊網路。所以電力線的通訊網路結合無線及光纖的通訊網路,所形成一個智慧電網的系統監控和資料擷取系統。
使用展頻調變加入編碼(如哈達碼、黃金碼、m-順序碼及卡沙米碼等),在電力線/光纖/無線上傳輸資料(如紅外線影像、聲音與視訊號等),經過加密後傳輸,在接收端用解調變後可與各項電力設備預設值作相減|量測值-預設值|的值,若所得到值在容許範圍內,則將量測值存入,當作監控電力系統及讀或擷取各項電力設備資料的資料庫,確保系統的安全、可靠性及供電品質等要求。本論文已用相位偏移調變,正交相移調變,16/64正交振幅調變等通訊系統同時加入哈達碼運用在電力線通訊傳輸與應用,即監視與控制配電變電站系統所管轄的各項電力設備安全及穩定性。
利用展頻調變/解調變與結合正交碼分別運用在電力線通訊系統、水下聲波通訊系統、光纖通訊系統及無線通訊系統。正如每個訊號均對應的各項電力設備(如斷路器、過電流器、過電壓器等),同時電力線通訊傳送每個電力設備的資料,因為使用正交碼關係會減少訊號彼此間干擾。提升資料傳送速度與讀或擷取資料的正確性,並且建立資料庫,也協助配電變電站系統的分析與判斷,經由訊息判讀與分析作後續開啟/關閉電力設備依據,也提供即時顯示各項電力設備狀態。已分別使用電力線通訊系統,載頻為100kHz用256個電力設備及在水下聲波通訊系統,載頻60 kHz使用64個電力設備均在配電變電站系統中,操作在電力線雜訊為14dB環境下,用相同參數
IV
操作與模擬,經系統模擬後分別在電力線通訊系統所獲得位元錯誤率為10-5及在水下聲波通訊系統也獲得位元錯誤率為10-4。
最後本論文提出用混合通訊系統(交錯碼多重擷取/分碼多重擷取、光交錯碼多重擷取/光分碼多重擷取),並結合無線及光纖網路的通訊系統(分碼多重擷取/正交分頻多重擷取及交錯碼多重擷取/正交分頻多重擷取)等,並應用渦輪碼、多重折疊渦輪、不等保護、小波轉換及系統模型等輔助工具作為系統判定與資料分析,也分別運用在系統監控和資料擷取功能系統、水下聲波通訊系統、電力系統及分散式發電系統如光伏發電系統、潮汐發電系統、風力發電系統及微渦輪發電系統。
英文摘要 There is wide global interest in power system automation and energy management applications. This dissertation proposes a novel approach for the monitoring and control of distribution system substations that uses advanced computer communication schemes and control technologies. The proposed monitoring and control schemes make use of a hybrid of interleave division multiple access (IDMA)/code division multiple access (CDMA) system, optical IDMA/optical CDMA system, CDMA/orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system, and IDMA/OFDM system transmission technologies over power-line/ optical-fiber/wireless networks. These technologies are available for smart grid integration of the electric utility power infrastructure.
The rapid growth in optical-fiber/wireless communication allows standardized technologies to be used for wide area, metropolitan area, and local area networks. Moreover, optical fiber and wireless technologies not only offers significant benefits between IDMA/CDMA and OIDMA/OCDMA systems, such as rapid deployment, baud rate of greater than 14 Tb/s, wide bandwidth, lower bit error rate (BER) (less than 10-9), longer transmission distance (greater than 160 km), reduced interference and lower signal attenuation, lower installation cost, higher mobility, larger remote location coverage, and faster installation, but is also more suitable for remote end applications in a smart grid environments.
With spreading spectrum modulation and demodulation combining encoding (e.g., Walsh-Hadamard codes, Gold codes, m-sequences codes, and Kasami codes, etc.), it is used to transmit data, infrared (IR) images, voice, and video over power-line/optical-fiber/wireless networks to control, monitor, and secure supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems. Distribution substation systems use four techniques, namely binary phase shift keying (BPSK), quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK), 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM), and 64-QAM code division multiple access (CDMA) combined with Hadamard code.
VI
With spreading spectrum modulation and demodulation in power line communication (PLC)/underwater PLC systems, optical fiber systems, and wireless systems, the proposed approach can achieve reliable highspeed information transmission through power lines. Signals corresponding to different equipment (e.g., circuit breaker relays, over-current relays, over-voltage relays) are orthogonal to each other, and thus interference is effectively reduced. The proposed approach has the advantages of high speed detection, two-way communication, reading and backup of data, control and turnoff functions, and display of real-time system information. When 100 kHz and 60 kHz are used as carrier frequencies for a PLC system with 256 relays under power line noise of below 14 dB and an underwater acoustic communication (UAC) system with 64 sensors under power line noise of below 14 dB, respectively, the simulation results show that the values of BER are less than 10-5 and 10-4, respectively.
Finally, this dissertation proposes a novel approach for the monitoring and control of distribution system substations using hybrid mixing different communication systems combined with CDMA/OFDM and IDMA/OFDM systems of wireless. Turbo code, the multi-fold turbo (MFT) scheme, unequal error protection (UEP), and system model can be applied to SCADA systems, power systems, UAC systems, and distributed power generation systems (DPGS), such as photovoltaic power generation systems, wind power generation systems, micro-turbine power generation systems, and tidal power generation systems.
論文目次 中文摘要................................................................................................................................III
Abstract ................................................................................................................................V
致謝 (Acknowledgments) ..................................................................................................................VII
List of Tables...........................................................................................................................XI
Figures Legend...........................................................................................................................XII
List of Abbreviations and Acronyms ......................................................................................................XVI
Chapter 1 Introduction ................................................................................................................. 1
1.1. Brief History of Power-Line Communication System .................................................................................. 1
1.2. Brief of CDMA Technologies for PLC and UPLC Systems ............................................................................... 4
1.2.1. Commercial Development .......................................................................................................... 4
1.2.2. Brief Working of CDMA............................................................................................................ 5
1.2.3 System model for PLC/UPLC systems ................................................................................................ 8
1.2.4 Framework of Distribution Substation for PLC/UPLC systems ........................................................................ 8
1.2.5 One Phase/Multi phase Construction of SCADA System ................................................................................9
1.3. Contributions of the dissertation ................................................................................................. 11
1.4. Organization of the dissertation .................................................................................................. 14
Chapter 2 System models for the UAC, PLC/UPLC systems................................................................................... 15
2.1. Distribution substation using CDMA scheme.......................................................................................... 16
2.1.1. Framework of a Distribution Substation .......................................................................................... 16
2.1.2. Operation of the Distribution Substation .........................................................................................18
2.1.3. Framework of the PLC Circuit......................................................................................................19
2.2. System Model .......................................................................................................................22
2.3. Results and Discussion..............................................................................................................25
Chapter 3 Monitoring and Control of Underwater Power Generators Using UPLC Combining UAC in Underwater Environments for Smart Grid ..... 31
3.1. Distribution Substation Using CDMA/IDMA Systems ................................................................................... 32
3.1.1. Framework of a distribution substation for UPC system............................................................................ 33
3.1.2. Distribution Substations infrastructure of SCADA system and operation............................................................ 35
3.1.3. Framework of the SCADA system.................................................................................................... 36
3.2. Results and Discussion............................................................................................................. 37
Chapter 4 Applications of One Phase of the SCADA System..................................................................................42
4.1. Introduction .......................................................................................................................42
4.2. Framework of the SCADA System.......................................................................................................44
4.3. Results and Discussion............................................................................................................. 52
Chapter 5 Applications and Development of the Multi-phase SCADA System.................................................................. 54
5.1. Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 54
5.2. Integration of SCADA System and Smart Grid......................................................................................... 56
5.2.1. SCADA Systems ....................................................................................................................56
5.2.2. Smart Grid....................................................................................................................... 58
5.2.3. Smart Grid/SCADA Integration..................................................................................................... 59
5.2.4. Framework of the PLC Circuit .....................................................................................................60
5.2.5. Framework of the Electrical Signal/Optical Signal Converter ......................................................................62
5.2.6. Optical Fiber/Wireless Network ...................................................................................................64
5.2.7. Framework of CDMA/OCDMA and IDMA/OIDMA........................................................................................... 65
5.2.8. CDMA/OCDMA Scheme ............................................................................................................... 66
5.2.9. IDMA/OIDMA Scheme.................................................................................................................68
5.3. Results and Discussion............................................................................................................. 69
Chapter 6 Applications of Infrared Images Using Multi-Fold Turbo over Power LineCommunication............................................72
6.1. Introduction .......................................................................................................................72
6.1.1. Introduction to Turbo Code System.................................................................................................73
6.2. Power-line channel modeling.........................................................................................................76
6.2.1. Modified MFT codes................................................................................................................77
6.3. Results and Discussion........................................................................................... ..................82
Chapter 7 Conclusion, Prospect and Future Works .......................................................... ..............................83
7.1. Conclusion..........................................................................................................................83
7.2. Prospect and Future Works ..........................................................................................................85
References ..............................................................................................................................87
Biography................................................................................................................................95
Publication List ........................................................................................................................96
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