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系統識別號 U0026-2607201613231200
論文名稱(中文) 以空間點雲進行鋼筋混凝土版結構之二維擬合
論文名稱(英文) Two Dimensional Approximation of Reinforced Concrete Slab Using Terrestrial Laser Scanner
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 吳天佑
研究生(英文) Tien-Yo Wu
學號 N66031045
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 87頁
口試委員 指導教授-胡宣德
共同指導教授-侯琮欽
口試委員-洪崇展
口試委員-戴毓修
口試委員-鍾興陽
中文關鍵字 地面雷射掃描  有限元素分析  鋼筋混凝土版  ABAQUS 
英文關鍵字 Terrestrial Laser Scanner  Finite Element Method  Reinforced Concrete slab  ABAQUS 
學科別分類
中文摘要   近年來由於光學感測、微機電(Microelectromechanical Systems, MEMS)與計算機技術的快速發展,雷射掃描無論在速度、精度與取樣範圍上皆有長足的進展。具體而言,以散漫點雲為基礎的雷射掃描儀擁有遠距離、高取樣與高精度的優勢,適合以大量資料庫建立為基礎的幾何資訊蒐集,因此本文嘗試探索地面雷射掃描(Terrestrial Laser Scanning, TLS)於土木工程結構中常見之二維鋼筋混凝土版構件之變形量測精確度。本文以鋼筋混凝土版構件為研究主題其主要原因有二:其一,點雲散佈於二維幾何構件能得到比一維更均勻的資料以供分析,並精確反映微小變形與大變形的差異;其二,鋼筋混凝土版之整體變形與平整度較難以傳統單點式檢測儀器得知,其(於地震後之)受損情況亦同,本研究嘗試探索TLS點雲分析於版構件全域變形量化評估之可行性。
  除監測儀器外,本研究亦輔以有限元素法與實驗結果比較,利用有限元素分析軟體ABAQUS,建立鋼筋混凝土版實尺寸模型進行分析觀察。為使模型中各材料參數設定所得出的結果能夠精確反映試體實際行為,本研究將實尺寸試驗之鋼筋混凝土版受力行為與ABAQUS 有限分析模型結果進行自互校正,以確保有限元模型之代表性,進而模擬整體受載過程中鋼筋混凝土版之力-位移關係,以佐證實驗所得的數據,也使得數值分析與實驗能夠互相驗證。
英文摘要 In recent years, because of the rapid development of optical sense, microelectromechanical systems and computer technology, laser scanning technology has significant progress that high speed, high precision and sampling range. In this study, focus on measuring the deformation of two dimensional of structural member by TLS and calculating the precision of TLS measurement. The study has two important topic using reinforced concrete slab. First, two dimensional point cloud spread geometry member can be uniform than the one dimensional data to be analyzed. And accurately reflect the difference between the small deformation and large deformation. Secondly, Traditional single-point detection measuring technique is difficult to obtain reinforced concrete slab of the overall deformation, flatness and damage. In the thesis, the feasibility of using TLS evaluate reinforced concrete slab of the overall deformation.
In addition to use monitoring instruments, the study also uses the finite element method to analysis. Use the finite element software “ABAQUS” to establish the real size model of reinforced concrete slab. To make the results of the analysis model can accurately reflect the actual behavior of the experimental specimen. Let the experimental specimen result and analysis model result mutually regulate. To ensure the representation of the finite element model. Further, investigate the force-displacement behavior of the model under axial compression and compare with true experimental result. Experiment and analysis support each other.
論文目次 摘要 I
誌謝 V
目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 XIII
第1章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究方法 2
1.3 論文架構 3
第2章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 文獻回顧 4
2.1.1 古典測量 4
2.1.2 全球定位系統 4
2.1.3 數位近景攝影測量 6
2.1.4 地面雷射掃描 7
2.2 基礎理論 9
2.2.1 定義邊界 10
2.2.2 座標轉換 12
2.2.3 曲面擬合 13
第3章 分析模型 17
3.1 材料行為 17
3.1.1 鋼筋的材料性質 17
3.1.2 混凝土材料性質 18
3.2 混凝土材料之模擬 21
3.3 實驗試體模型建立 24
3.3.1 單位系統 24
3.3.2 實驗試體的簡述 24
3.3.3 邊界條件 25
3.3.4 收斂性分析 26
第4章 實驗試體 29
4.1 試體材料與尺寸 29
4.2 試體製作 31
4.2.1 模版的選定 31
4.2.2 組裝模版和鋼筋綁匝 34
4.2.3 混凝土的灌漿 37
4.2.4 混凝土養護和圓柱試體的抗壓試驗 38
4.3 實驗設計 39
4.3.1 儀器介紹 39
4.3.2 實驗流程 41
第5章 分析結果 44
5.1 試體一 44
5.2 試體二 56
5.3 試體三 68
第6章 結論與建議 80
6.1 結論 80
6.2 建議 81
參考文獻 82
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