進階搜尋


   電子論文尚未授權公開,紙本請查館藏目錄
(※如查詢不到或館藏狀況顯示「閉架不公開」,表示該本論文不在書庫,無法取用。)
系統識別號 U0026-2607201107135000
論文名稱(中文) 知識創造對於專利價值的效應 – 對公司A的案例研究
論文名稱(英文) The Effect of Knowledge Creation Activities on Patent Value – A Case Study on Firm A
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 國際經營管理研究所碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Institute of International Management (IIMBA--Master)(on the job class)
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 陳郁婷
研究生(英文) Yu-Ting Chen
學號 ra796122
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 105頁
口試委員 指導教授-林清河
召集委員-陳正忠
口試委員-鄭至甫
中文關鍵字 知識管理  知識創造  創新  專利價值  發明 
英文關鍵字 Knowledge management  Knowledge creation  Innovation  Patent value  Invention 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究以一間台灣半導體公司為案例研究對象,藉由創新活動為中間研究媒介,進行知識創造與專利價值之相互關係研究。
研究結果如下:(1) 知識創造與創新之間存在負的相互關係;(2)創新與專利價值之間存在正的相互關係;(3)知識創造與專利價值之間存在負的相互關係。
本研究另外也發現發明活動也對知識創造與專利價值的相互關係存在媒介影響。在此研究,案例公司之發明活動可為知識創造與專利價值之負的存在關係造成影響。
英文摘要 This research proposes to study the effect of knowledge creation activities on patent value. And it is proposed to take a Taiwanese semi-conductor company as the research object to study the interrelationships between knowledge creation and patent value through the test of mediating effect on innovation between knowledge creation and patent value.
The results conclude: (1) there is significantly negative relationship between knowledge creation and innovation; (2) there is significantly positive relationship between innovation and patent value; (3) however, there is significantly negative relationship between knowledge creation and patent value.
The study also finds the invention also has media effect between knowledge creation and patent value. Invention activities in the target company would be the effect that causes the negative relationship between knowledge creation and patent value.
論文目次 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I
ABSTRACT II
摘要 III
TABLE OF CONTENTS IV
LIST OF TABLES VII
LIST OF FIGURES IX
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Background and Motivation. 1
1.2 Research Objectives. 2
1.3 Research Project. 4
1.4 Research Procedure. 4
1.5 The Organization of the Thesis. 5
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 7
2.1 Definition of Research Constructs. 7
2.1.1 Knowledge Management (KM). 7
2.1.2 Evaluation of KM Performance. 13
2.1.3 Innovation. 22
2.1.4 Evaluation of Innovation. 29
2.1.5 Patent Value. 34
2.1.6 Evaluation of the Value of Patents. 38
2.2 Interrelationship among Research Constructs. 40
2.2.1 Interrelationship between Knowledge Management and Innovation. 40
2.2.2 Interrelationship between Patent Value and Innovation. 42
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 47
3.1 The Conceptual Model. 47
3.2 Sample Selection. 48
3.2.1 Patent Choosing. 48
3.2.2. Patent Citation. 50
3.2.3 Knowledge Management Evaluation. 50
3.3 Methodology Setup. 51
3.3.1 Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). 51
3.3.2 Regression Analysis. 51
CHAPTER FOUR RESEARCH RESULTS 54
4.1 Company Profile. 54
4.1.1 History and Development of Firm A. 54
4.1.2 Major Business of Firm A. 55
4.1.3 Strategies of Firm A. 57
4.1.4 Process Technology of Firm A. 61
4.2 Knowledge Management in Firm A. 62
4.2.1 Goal of Knowledge Management in Firm A. 62
4.2.2 Firm A Knowledge Management System (Firm A-KMS). 63
4.2.3 KM Document Classification in Firm A. 64
4.3 Data Collection. 66
4.3.1 KM Document. 66
4.3.2 Patent Citation. 68
4.3.3 Patent Selection. 69
4.4 Statistics Result. 70
4.4.1 ANOVA and Linear Regression Analysis of Interrelationship between Knowledge Management and Innovation. 70
4.4.2 ANOVA and Linear Regression Analysis of Interrelationship between Innovation and Patent Value. 73
4.4.3 ANOVA and Linear Regression Analysis of Interrelationship between Knowledge Management and Patent Value. 74
4.4.4 ANOVA and Multiple Regression analysis of Interrelationship between Knowledge Management and Innovation. 77
4.4.5 ANOVA and Multiple Regress analysis of Knowledge Management and Patent Value. 78
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS 80
5.1 Research Conclusion. 80
5.2 Research Discussion. 81
5.2.1 Interrelationship between Invention and Knowledge Management. 82
5.3 Research Suggestion and Limitation. 87
REFERENCES 90
參考文獻 Ahuja, G., & Lampert, C. (2001). Entrepreneurship in the large corporation: A longitudinal study of how established firms create breakthrough inventions. Strategic Management Journal, 22(6-7), 521-543.
Åkerblom, M., Virtaharju, M., & Leppälahti, A. (1996). A comparison of R&D surveys, innovation surveys and patent statistics based on Finnish data. Innovation, patents and technological strategies, 57-69.
Albert, M. B., Avery, D., Narin, F., & McAllister, P. (1991). Direct validation of citation counts as indicators of industrially important patents. Research Policy, 20(3), 251-259.
Albino, V., Garavelli, A. C., & Schiuma, G. (1998). Knowledge transfer and inter-firm relationships in industrial districts: The role of the leader firm. Technovation, 19(1), 53-63.
Allred, B. B., & Park, W. G. (2007). The influence of patent protection on firm innovation investment in manufacturing industries. Journal of International Management, 13(2), 91-109.
Almeida, P. (1996). Knowledge sourcing by foreign multinationals: Patent citation analysis in the US semiconductor industry. Strategic Management Journal, 17(155-165), 155-165.
Anbari, F., Carayannis, E., & Voetsch, R. (2008). Post-project reviews as a key project management competence. Technovation, 28(10), 633-643.
Anderson, P., & Tushman, M. L. (1990). Technological discontinuities and dominant designs: A cyclical model of technological change. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(4), 604-633.
Antonelli, C. (1999). The evolution of the industrial organisation of the production of knowledge. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 23(2), 243-260.
Appleyard, M., & Kalsow, G. (1999). Knowledge diffusion in the semiconductor industry. Journal of Knowledge Management, 3(4), 288-295.
Archibugi, D. (1988). In search of a useful measure of technological innovation (to make economists happy without) discontenting technologists. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 34(3), 253-277.
Archibugi, D. (1992). Patenting as an indicator of technological innovation: A review. Science and Public Policy, 19, 357-357.
Archibugi, D., & Planta, M. (1996). Measuring technological change through patents and innovation surveys. Technovation, 16(9), 451-468.
Argyres, N. S., & Silverman, B. S. (2004). R&D, organization structure, and the development of corporate technological knowledge. Strategic Management Journal, 25(8-9), 929-958.
Arora, A. (1997). Patents, licensing, and market structure in the chemical industry. Research Policy, 26(4-5), 391-403.
Arora, A., & Gambardella, A. (1990). Complementarity and external linkages: the strategies of the large firms in biotechnology. The Journal of Industrial Economics, 38(4), 361-379.
Arundel, A., & Garrelfs, R. (1997). Innovation measurement and policies (Vol. 50). Brussels, Belgium: European Commission.
Arundel, A., & Kabla, I. (1998). What percentage of innovations are patented? Empirical estimates for European firms. Research Policy, 27(2), 127-141.
Austin, D. (2000). Patents, spillovers, and competition in biotechnology. Resources for the Future Discussion Paper, 00-53.
Austin, D. H. (1993). An event-study approach to measuring innovative output: The case of biotechnology. The American Economic Review, 83(2), 253-258.
Autio, E. (1998). Evaluation of RTD in regional systems of innovation. European Planning Studies, 6(2), 131-140.
Badaracco, J. (1991). The knowledge link: How firms compete through strategic alliances. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Bajaj, A., & Leonard, L. N. K. (2004). The CPT framework: Understanding the roles of culture, policy and technology in promoting ecommerce readiness. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 3, 242-252.
Baldwin, J., Hanel, P., & Sabourin, D. (2002). Determinants of innovative activity in Canadian manufacturing firms. Suffolk: Palgrave.
Baldwin, J. R., Johnson, J., & Pedersen, M. (1995). Innovation and R&D: Findings from the innovation survey. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Barney, J. B. (2000). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage (Vol. 17): Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Barton, J., Alexander, D., Correa, C., Mashelkar, R., Samuels, G., & Thomas, S. (2002). Integrating intellectual property rights and development policy. London: UK Department for International Development, Commission on Intellectual Property Rights.
Basberg, B. L. (1987). Patents and the measurement of technological change: A survey of the literature. Research Policy, 16(2-4), 131-141.
Baumol, W. J. (2002). The free-market innovation machine: Analyzing the growth miracle of capitalism (Vol. 10). Marid: Princeton University Press.
Bell, G. (1991). Technology and productivity: The challenge of the economic policy. OECD, Paris.
Bennett, R., & Gabriel, H. (1999). Organisational factors and knowledge management within large marketing departments: An empirical study. Journal of Knowledge Management, 3(3), 212-225.
Bessen, J. (2009). Estimates of patent rents from firm market value. Research Policy, 38(10), 1604-1616.
Bessen, J., & Hunt, R. M. (2007). An empirical look at software patents. Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, 16(1), 157-189.
Bessen, J., & Maskin, E. (2009). Sequential innovation, patents, and imitation. The RAND Journal of Economics, 40(4), 611-635.
Blair, D. C. (2002). Knowledge management: Hype, hope, or help? Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 53(12), 1019-1028.
Bloodgood, J. M., & Salisbury, W. D. (2001). Understanding the influence of organizational change strategies on information technology and knowledge management strategies. Decision Support Systems, 31(1), 55-69.
Bloom, N., & Reenen, J. V. (2002). Patents, real options and firm performance. The Economic Journal, 112(478), 97-116.
Bohn, R. E. (1994). Measuring and managing technological knowledge. Sloan Management Review, 36(1), 61-73.
Bottazzi, L., & Peri, G. (2007). The international dynamics of R&D and innovation in the long run and in the short run. The Economic Journal, 117(518), 486-511.
Brouwer, E., & Kleinknecht, A. (1999). Innovative output, and a firm's propensity to patent: An exploration of CIS micro data. Research Policy, 28(6), 615-624.
Brynjolfsson, E., Renshaw, A. A., & Alstyne, M. v. (1996). The matrix of change: A tool for business process reengineering: MIT Center.
Buckley, P. J., & Carter, M. J. (2000). Knowledge management in global technology markets: Applying theory to practice. Long Range Planning, 33(1), 55-71.
Caballero, R. J., & Jaffe, A. B. (1993). How high are the giants' shoulders: An empirical assessment of knowledge spillovers and creative destruction in a model of economic growth: MIT Press.
Carneiro, A. (2000). How does knowledge management influence innovation and competitiveness? Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(2), 87-98.
Chaney, P. K., Devinney, T. M., & Winer, R. S. (1991). The impact of new product introductions on the market value of firms. The Journal of Business, 64(4), 573-610.
Chen, M., & Chen, A. (2006). Knowledge management performance evaluation: A decade review from 1995 to 2004. Journal of Information Science, 32(1), 17-38.
Choo, C. W. (1999). The knowing organization: How organizations use information to construct meaning, create knowledge and make decisions. International Journal of Information Management, 16(5), 329-340.
Cohen, W. M., Goto, A., Nagata, A., Nelson, R. R., & Walsh, J. P. (2002). R&D spillovers, patents and the incentives to innovate in Japan and the United States. Research Policy, 31(8-9), 1349-1367.
Cohen, W. M., & Levinthal, D. A. (1989). Innovation and learning: The two faces of R & D. The Economic Journal, 99(397), 569-596.
Cohen, W. M., & Levinthal, D. A. (1990). Absorptive capacity: A new perspective on learning and innovation. Administrative Science Quartely, 35(1), 128-152.
Cohen, W. M., & Malerba, F. (2001). Is the tendency to variation a chief cause of progress? Industrial and Corporate Change, 10(3), 587-608.
Cohen, W. M., Nelson, R. R., & Walsh, J. P. (2000). Protecting their intellectual assets: Appropriability conditions and why US manufacturing firms patent (or not). NBER Working Paper Series, 7552.
Conner, K. R., & Prahalad, C. K. (1996). A resource-based theory of the firm: Knowledge versus opportunism. Organization Science, 7(5), 477-501.
Crépon, B., Duguet, E., & Kabla, I. (1995). A moderate support to schumpeterian conjectures from various innovation measures. Palgrave, New York.
Crépon, B., Duguet, E., & Mairessec, J. (1998). Research, innovation and productivity: An econometric analysis at the firm level. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 7(2), 115-158.
Cutler, R. (1989). A comparison of Japanese and US high-technology transfer practices. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management. , 36(1), 17-24.
Czarnitzki, D., Glänzel, W., & Hussinger, K. (2007). Patent and publication activities of German professors: An empirical assessment of their co-activity. Research Evaluation, 16(4), 311-319.
Daft, R. L., & Lengel, R. H. (1986). Organizational information requirements, media richness and structural design. Management Science, 32(5), 554-571.
Darroch, J. (2003). Developing a measure of knowledge management behaviors and practices. Journal of Knowledge Management, 7(5), 41-54.
Darroch, J. (2005). Knowledge management, innovation and firm performance. Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(3), 101-115.
Davenport, T. H., & Prusak, L. (1997). Working knowledge: How organizations manage what they know. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Dodgson, M. (2000). Policies for science, technology, and innovation in Asian newly industrializing economies. In L. Kim & R. R. Nelson (Eds.), Technology, Innovation and Learning (pp. 229-268). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dosi, G., Nelson, R. R., & Winter, S. (2000). The nature and dynamics of organizational capabilities. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dove, R. (1999). Knowledge management, response ability, and the agile enterprise. Journal of Knowledge Management, 3(1), 18-35.
Duguet, E., & Kabla, I. (1998). Appropriation strategy and the motivations to use the patent system: An econometric analysis at the firm level in French manufacturing. Annales of Economie and Statistics(49/50), 289-327.
Dunford, R. (1987). The suppression of technology as a strategy for controlling resource dependence. Administrative Science Quarterly, 32(4), 512-525.
Duysters, G., & Hagedoorn, J. (2000). Core competences and company performance in the world-wide computer industry. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 11(1), 75-91.
Duysters, G., & Hagedoorn, J. (2001). Do company strategies and structures converge in global markets? Evidence from the computer industry. Journal of International Business Studies, 32(2), 347-356.
Elsmore, M. J. (2009). Quality and quantity: Can we have both within the European patent system? ERA-Forum, 10(2), 215-230.
Feinberg, S. E., & Gupta, A. K. (2004). Knowledge spillovers and the assignment of R&D responsibilities to foreign subsidiaries. Strategic Management Journal, 25(8-9), 823-845.
Ferguson, C., Finn, F., & Hall, J. (2005). Electronic commerce investments, the resource-based view of the firm, and firm market value. International Journal of Accounting Information Systems, 6(1), 5-29.
Fernández, E., Montes, J. M., & Vázquez, C. J. (2000). Typology and strategic analysis of intangible resources: A resource-based approach. Technovation, 20(2), 81-92.
Fleming, L., Mingo, S., & Chen, D. (2007). Collaborative brokerage, generative creativity, and creative success. Administrative Science Quarterly, 52(3), 443-475.
Florida, R. (1997). The globalization of R&D: Results of a survey of foreign-affiliated R&D laboratories in the USA. Research Policy, 26(1), 85-103.
Freeman, C. (1987). Output measurement in science and technology. North-Holland, Amsterdam.
Friedman, R. S., & Prusak, L. (2008). On heuristics, narrative and knowledge management. Technovation, 28(12), 812-817.
Frost, T. S. (2001). The geographic sources of foreign subsidiaries' innovations. Strategic Management Journal, 22(2), 101-123.
Frost, T. S., Birkinshaw, J. M., & Ensign, P. C. (2002). Centers of excellence in multinational corporations. Strategic Management Journal, 23(11), 997-1018.
Gabolde, J. (1997). Second European Report on S&T Indicators. Brussels: European Commission.
Gallini, N. T. (2002). The economics of patents: Lessons from recent U.S. patent reform. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16(2), 131-154.
Gay, C., & Bas, C. L. (2005). Uses without too many abuses of patent citations or the simple economics of patent citations as a measure of value and flows of knowledge. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 14(5), 333-338.
Giarratana, M. S. (2004). The birth of a new industry: Entry by start-ups and the drivers of firm growth: The case of encryption software. Research Policy, 33(5), 787-806.
Gilbert, M., & Cordey-Hayes, M. (1996). Understanding the process of knowledge transfer to achieve successful technological innovation. Technovation, 16(6), 301-312.
Giummo, J. (2003). Should all patentable inventions receive equal protection? Identifying the sources of heterogeneity in patent value. Paper presented at the Discussed Paper.
Glass, B. (1990). Patently unfair. Infoworld, 12(44), 56-62.
Grant, R. M. (1996). Prospering in dynamically-competitive environments: Organizational capability as knowledge integration. Organization Science, 7(4), 375-387.
Grant, R. M. (2005). Contemporary strategy analysis (5th ed.). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Grant, R. M., & Baden-Fuller, C. (2004). A knowledge accessing theory of strategic alliances. Journal of Management Studies, 41(1), 61-84.
Grefermann, K., Oppenländer, K. H., Peffgen, E., Röthlingshöfer, K. C., & Scholz, L. (1974). Patentwesen und technischer Fortschritt. Teil I, Göttingen.
Grenzmann, C., & Greif, S. (1996). Relationship between R&D input and output Innovation, patents and technological strategies (pp. 71): Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Griliches, Z. (1979). Issues in assessing the contribution of research and development to productivity growth. Bell Journal of Economics, 10, 92-116.
Griliches, Z. (1990). Patent statistics as economic indicators: A survey. Journal of Economic Literature, 28(4), 1661-1707.
Griliches, Z. (1998). R&D and productivity: The ecomonetric evidence. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Gupta, A. K., & Govindarajan, V. (2000). Knowledge flows within multinational corporations. Strategic Management Journal, 21(4), 473-496.
Hagedoorn, J. (1993). Understanding the rationale of strategic technology partnering: Interorganizational modes of cooperation and sectoral differences. Strategic Management Journal, 14(5), 371-385.
Hakanson, L. (2006). The firm as an epistemic community: A research agenda. Paper presented at the 48th Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business.
Hall, B., Jaffe, A. B., & Trajtenberg, M. (2002). Patents, citations, and innovations: A window on the knowledge economy.
Hall, B. H. (1993). The stock market's valuation of R&D investment during the 1980's. The American Economic Review, 83(2), 259-264.
Hall, B. H., Jaffe, A., & Trajtenberg, M. (2005). Market value and patent citations. The RAND Journal of Economics, 36(1), 16-38.
Hall, B. H., & Ziedonis, R. H. (2001). The patent paradox revisited: An empirical study of patenting in the U.S. semiconductor industry, 1979-95. The Rand Journal of Economics, 32(1), 101-128.
Hall, L. A., & Bagchi-Sen, S. (2002). A study of R&D, innovation, and business performance in the Canadian biotechnology industry. Technovation, 22(4), 231-244.
Hall, R. (1993). A framework linking intangible resources and capabilities to sustainable competitive advantage. Strategic Management Journal, 14(8), 607-618.
Hamel, G. (1991). Competition for competence and interpartner learning within international strategic alliances. Strategic Management Journal, 12(S1), 83-103.
Hamel, G. (2000). Leading the revolution (Vol. 12): Harvard Business School Press
Hansen, M. T. (2002). Knowledge networks: Explaining effective knowledge sharing in multiunit companies. Organization Science, 13(3), 232-248.
Hansen, M. T., & Løvås, B. (2004). How do multinational companies leverage technological competencies? Moving from single to interdependent explanations. Strategic Management Journal, 25(8-9), 801-822.
Hansen, M. T., Nohria, N., & Tierney, T. (1999). What’s your strategy for managing knowledge? Harvard Business Review, 77(2), 106-116.
Hargadon, A., & Sutton, R. I. (1997). Technology brokering and innovation in a product development firm. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42(4), 716-749.
Harhoff, D., & Hall, B. H. (2002). Intellectual property strategy in the global cosmetics industry. Paper presented at the University of Maastricht Workshop on Strategic Management, Innovation and Econometrics. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=9880790493227397657related:GTLgWJqeH4kJ
Harhoff, D., & Hoisl, K. (2007). Institutionalized incentives for ingenuity—Patent value and the German Employees’ inventions act. Research Policy, 36(8), 1143-1162.
Harhoff, D., Narin, F., Scherer, F. M., & Vopel, K. (1999). Citation frequency and the value of patented inventions. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 81(3), 511-515.
Harhoff, D., & Reitzig, M. (2001). Strategien zur Gewinnmaximierung bei der Anmeldung von Patenten. Zeitschrift für Betriebswirtschaft, 71(5), 509-529.
Harhoff, D., Scherer, F. M., & Vopel, K. (2003). Citations, family size, opposition and the value of patent rights. Research Policy, 32(8), 1343-1363.
Hasan, H., & Gould, E. (2001). Support for the sense-making activity of managers. Decision Support Systems, 31(1), 71-86.
Hausman, J., Hall, B. H., & Griliches, Z. (1984). Econometric models for count data with an application to the patents - R&D relationship. Journal of the Econometric Society, 909-938.
Henderson, R., & Cockburn, I. (1994). Measuring competence?: Exploring firm effects in pharmaceutical research. Strategic Management Journal, 15(Supplement S1), 63-84.
Hitt, L. M., & Brynjolfsson, E. (1996). Productivity, business profitability, and consumer surplus: Three different measures of information technology value. MIS Quarterly, 20(2), 121-142.
Hitt, M. A., Hoskisson, R. E., & Kim, H. (1997). International diversification: Effects on innovation and firm performance in product-diversified firms. Academy of Management Journal, 40(4), 767-798.
Hurmelinna-Laukkanen, P., & Yliopisto, L. T. (2005). Dynamics of appropriability-finding a balance between efficiency and strength in the appropriability regime. Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta.
Ikujiro, N., & Takeuchi, H. (1991). The knowledge-creating company. Harvard Business Review, 69(6), 96-104.
Ivers, J. (1998). Bringing out brilliance: Enabling knowledge creation in the Notes/Domino environment. Enterprise Solutions, 10, 24-27.
Jacob, R., Alexander, D., & Lane, L. (2004). A guidebook to intellectual property: Patents, trade marks, copyright and designs. London: Sweet and Maxwell.
Jaffe, A. B., & Trajtenberg, M. (2002). Patents, citations and innovations: A window on the knowledge economy (Vol. 1). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Jaffe, A. B., Trajtenberg, M., & Henderson, R. (1993). Geographic localization of knowledge spillovers as evidenced by patent citations. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 108(3), 577-598.
Jones, C. I. (1998). Introduction to economic growth. New York: W.W. Norton.
Junnarkar, B. (1997). Leveraging collective intellect by building organizational capabilities. Expert Systems with Applications, 13(1), 29-40.
Kabla, I. (1994). Un indicateur de l'innovation: le brevet. Economie et Statistique, 275(275-276), 95-109.
Kabla, I. (1996). The patent as indicator of innovation. INSEE Studies, 1, 57-72.
Kim, L. (1997). Imitation to innovation: The dynamics of Korea's technological learning. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Kline, S. J., & Rosenberg, N. (1986). An overview of innovation. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Kuemmerle, W. (1999). Foreign direct investment in industrial research in the pharmaceutical and electronics industries--Results from a survey of multinational firms. Research Policy, 28(2-3), 179-193.
Kuutti, K. (1996). Activity theory as a potential framework for human-computer interaction research. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Lai, J., Wang, C., & Chou, C. (2009). How knowledge map fit and personalization affect success of KMS in high-tech firms. Technovation, 29(4), 313-324.
Lai, K., Chang, S., & Chang, S. (2007). Using patent citation to explore knowledge flow between different industries. Management of Engineering and Technology, Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology, 1777-1783.
Lanjouw, J. O., Pakes, A., & Putnam, J. (1998). How to count patents and value intellectual property: The uses of patent renewal and application data. Journal of Industrial Economics, 46(4), 405-432.
Lanjouw, J. O., & Schankerman, M. (1999). The quality of ideas: Measuring innovation with multiple indicators. NBER Working Paper Series, 7345.
Lanjouw, J. O., & Schankerman, M. (2001). Characteristics of patent litigation: A window on competition. The Rand Journal of Economics, 32(1), 129-151.
Laursen, K., & Salter, A. (2006). Open for innovation: The role of openness in explaining innovation performance among U.K. manufacturing firms. Strategic Management Journal, 27(3), 131-150.
Lemley, M. A., Menell, P. S., Merges, R. P., & Samuelson, P. (2006). Software and Internet Law: Aspen Law & Business
Lenoard-Barton, D. (1995). Wellsprings of knowledge: Building and sustaining the sources of innovation. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press.
Lerner, J. (2002). Patent protection and innovation over 150 years. NBER Working Papers Series, 8977.
Levin, R. C., Cohen, W. M., & Mowery, D. C. (1985). R&D appropriability, opportunity, and market structure: New evidence on some Schumpeterian hypotheses. The American Economic Review, 75(2), 20-24.
Levin, R. C., Klevorick, A. K., Nelson, R. R., & Winter, S. G. (1987). Appropriating the returns from industrial research and development. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1987(3), 783-831.
Levitas, E., & Mcfadyen, M. A. (2009). Managing liquidity in research-intensive firms: Signaling and cash flow effects of patents and alliance activities. Strategic Management Journal, 30(6), 659-678.
Liao, S.-h. (2003). Knowledge management technologies and applications—Literature review from 1995 to 2002. Expert Systems with Applications, 25(2), 155-164.
Licht, G., & Zoz, K. (1998). Patents and R&D: An econometric investigation using applications for German, European and US patents by German companies. Annales of Economics and Statistics(49-50), 329-360.
Lin, C., & Tseng, S.-M. (2005). Bridging the implementation gaps in the knowledge management system for enhancing corporate performance. Expert Systems with Applications, 29(1), 163-173.
Lindvall, M., Rus, I., & Sinha, S. S. (2003). Software systems support for knowledge management. Journal of Knowledge Management, 7(5), 137-150.
Long, D. D. (1997). Building the knowledge-based organization: How culture drives knowledge behaviors: Center for Business Innovation.
Long, D. D., & Fahey, L. (2000). Diagnosing cultural barriers to knowledge management. Academy of Management Executive, 14(4), 113-127.
Macdonald, S. (2004). When means become ends: Considering the impact of patent strategy on innovation. Information Economics and Policy, 16(1), 135-158.
Macher, J., Mowery, D. C., & Minin, A. D. (2007). The non-globalization of innovation in the semiconductor industry. California Management Review, 50(1), 217-242.
Malecki, E. (1997). Technology and economic development: The dynamics of local, regional and national competitiveness. Essex, England: Longman.
Malhotra, Y. (1998). TOOLS@ WORK: Deciphering the knowledge management hype. Journal for Quality and Participation, 21(4), 58-61.
Malhotra, Y. (2005). Integrating knowledge management technologies in organizational business processes: Getting real time enterprises to deliver real business performance. Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(1), 7-28.
Mansfield, E. (1986). Patents and innovation: An empirical study. Management Science, 32(2), 173-181.
McGahan, A., & Silverman, B. (2006). Profiting from technological innovation by others: The effect of competitor patenting on firm value. Research Policy, 35(8), 1222-1242.
Megna, P., & Klock, M. (1993). The impact of intangible capital on Tobin's q in the semiconductor industry. The American Economic Review, 83(2), 265-269.
Merges, R., Menell, P., & Lemley, M. (2003). Intellectual property in the new technological age. New York: Aspen Publishers.
Mowery, D., Oxley, J., & Silverman, B. (1996). Strategic alliances and interfirm knowledge transfer. Strategic Management Journal, 17(1), 77-91.
Mudambi, R., Mudambi, S., & Navarra, P. (2007). Global innovation in MNCs: The effects of subsidiary self-determination and teamwork. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 24(5), 442-455.
Narin, F., Albert, M., Kroll, P., & Hicks, D. (2000). Inventing our future: The link between Australian patenting and basic science. Paper presented at the Australian Research Council and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization.
Nelson, R., & Winter, S. (1982). An evolutionary theory of economic change. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Nobel, R., & Birkinshaw, J. (1998). Innovation in multinational corporations: Control and communication patterns in international R&D operations. Strategic Management Journal, 19(5), 479-496.
Nonaka, I. (1994). A dynamic theory of organizational knowledge creation. Organization Science, 5(1), 14-37.
Nonaka, I. (1997). Redundant, overlapping organization: A Japanese approach to managing the innovation process: Oxford University Press.
Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995a). The knowledge-creating company. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995b). The knowledge-creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation: Oxford University Press.
Nonaka, I., Toyama, R., & Konno, N. (2000). SECI, Ba and leadership: A unified model of dynamic knowledge creation. Long Range Planning, 33(1), 5-34.
O'Donoghue, T., Scotchmer, S., & Thisse, J. (1998). Patent breadth, patent life, and the pace of technological progress. Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, 7(1), 1-32.
OECD. (1994). The measurement of scientific and technological activities: Using patents as science and technology indicators, Patent manual CD (Vol. 4, pp. 144). Paris.
Office, U. S. P. T. (1976). Technology Assessment & Forecast Sixth Report: US Patent Trademark Office.
Orsenigo, L. (1989). The emergence of biotechnology: Institutions and markets in industrial innovation. London (UK): Pinter Publishers Ltd.
Oxley, J. (1997). Appropriability hazards and governance in strategic alliances: A transaction cost approach. Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, 13(2), 387-409.
Pakes, A. (1985). On patents, R&D, and the stock market rate of return. The Journal of Political Economy, 93(2), 390-409.
Pakes, A. (1986). Patents as options: Some estimates of the value of holding European patent stocks. Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society, 54(4), 755-784.
Parent, M., Gallupe, R., & Salisbury, W. (2000). Knowledge creation in focus groups: Can group technologies help? Information & Management, 38(1), 47-58.
Park, Y., & Kim, S. (2006). Knowledge management system for fourth generation R&D: Knowvation. Technovation, 26(5-6), 595-602.
Patel, P., & Pavitt, K. (1997). The technological competencies of the world's largest firms: Complex and path dependent, but not much variety. Research Policy, 26(2), 141-156.
Pavitt, K. (1985). Patent statistics as indicators of innovative activities: Possibilities and problems. Scientometrics, 7(1-2), 77-99.
Pearce, R. (1999). The evolution of technology in multinational enterprises: The role of creative subsidiaries. International Business Review, 8(2), 125-148.
Peeters, C., & Potteri, B. v. P. d. l. (2006). Innovation strategy and the patenting behavior of firms. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 16(1-2), 109-135.
Penrose, E. (1995). The theory of the growth of the firm. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
Pohlmann, M., Gebhardt, C., & Etzkowitz, H. (2005). The development of innovation systems and the art of innovation management-strategy, control and the culture of innovation. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 17(1), 1-7.
Porter, M. (1987). From competitive advantage to corporate strategy. Harvard Business Review, 65(3), 43-59.
Porter, M. (1990). The competitive advantage of nations. New York: Free Press
Powell, W., Koput, K., & Smith-Doerr, L. (1996). Interorganizational collaboration and the locus of innovation: Networks of learning in biotechnology. Administrative Science Quartely, 41(1), 116-145.
Prahalad, C. (1993). The role of core competencies in the corporation. Research Technology Management, 36(6), 40-47.
Prahalad, C., & Hamel, G. (1990). Core competence of the corporation. Harvard Business Review, May-Jun, 79-91.
Preiss, K. (1999). Modelling of knowledge flows and their impact. Journal of Knowledge Management, 3(1), 36-46.
Raan, A. F. J. v. (1988). Handbook of quantitative studies of science and technology. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Raan, A. F. J. v., Nederhof, A. J., & Moed, H. (1989). Science and technology indicators: Their use in science policy and their role in science studies. Leiden: DSWO Press.
Reitzig, M. (2004). Improving patent valuations for management purposes—Validating new indicators by analyzing application rationals. Research Policy, 33(6-7), 939-957.
Rosenkopf, L., & Almeida, P. (2003). Overcoming local search through alliances and mobility. Management Science, 49(6), 751-766.
Rus, I., & Lindvall, M. (2002). Knowledge management in software engineering. IEEE Software, 19(3), 26-38.
Santos, B. L. D., & Peffers, K. (1995). Rewards to investors in innovative information technology applications: First movers and early followers in ATMs. Organization Science, 6(3), 241-259.
Santos, B. L. D., Peffers, K., & Mauer, D. C. (1993). The impact of information technology investment announcements on the market value of the firm. Information Systems Research, 4(1), 1-23.
Sapsalis, E., & Potterie, B. v. P. d. l. (2006). Academic versus industry patenting: An in-depth analysis of what determines patent value. Research Policy, 35(10), 1631-1645.
Schankerman, M., & Pakes, A. (1986). Estimates of the value of patent rights in European countries during the post-1950 period. The Economic Journal, 96(384), 1052-1076.
Scherer, F. (1965). Firm size, market structure, opportunity, and the output of patented inventions. The American Economic Review, 55(5), 1097-1125.
Scherer, F. (1983). The propensity to patent. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 1(1), 107-128.
Scherer, F., Harhoff, D., & Kukies, J. (2000). Uncertainty and the size distribution of rewards from innovation. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 10(1), 175-200.
Schildt, H., Maula, M., & Keil, T. (2005). Explorative and exploitative learning from external corporate ventures. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29(4), 493-515.
Schumpeter, J. (1934). The theory of economic development: An inquiry into profits, capital, credit, interest, and the business cycle. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Seaton, R., & Cordey-Hayes, M. (1993). The development and application of interactive models of industrial technology transfer. Technovation, 13(1), 45-53.
Singh, J. (2008). Distributed R&D, cross-regional knowledge integration and quality of innovative output. Research Policy, 37(1), 77-96.
Skyrme, D., & Amidon, D. (1998). New measures of success. Journal of Business Strategy, 19(1), 20-24.
Soininen, A. (2007). Patents in the information and communications technology sector-development trends, problem areas and pressures for change. Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta.
Southon, F., Todd, R., & Seneque, M. (2002). Knowledge management in three organizations: An exploratory study. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 53(12), 1047-1059.
Spender, J. (1996). Making knowledge the basis of a dynamic theory of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17(2), 45-62.
Stata, R. (1989). Organizational learning: The key to management innovation. Sloan Management Review 17, 63-74.
Steensma, H. (1996). Acquiring technological competencies through inter-organizational collaboration: An organizational learning perspective. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 12(4), 267-286.
Sveiby, K. (1997). The new organizational wealth: Managing & measuring knowledge-based assets. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers
Szulanski, G. (1996). Exploring internal stickiness: Impediments to the transfer of best practice within the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17(1), 27-43.
Taft, D. (Producer). (2000) Stopping knowledge overflow—Knowledge management tools still in developmental phase. Computer Reseller News.
Takalo, T., & Kanniainen, V. (2000). Do patents slow down technological progress?: Real options in research, patenting, and market introduction. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 18(7), 1105-1127.
Taylor, C., & Silberston, A. (1973). The economic impact of the patent system: A study of the British experience. Cambridge, England: University Press.
Teece, D. (1977). Technology transfer by multinational firms: The resource cost of transferring technological know-how. The Economic Journal, 87(346), 242-261.
Teece, D. (1986a). Profiting from innovation. Research Policy, 15(6), 607-643.
Teece, D. (1986b). Profiting from technological innovation: Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy. Research Policy, 15(6), 285-305.
Teece, D. (1998). Capturing value from knowledge assets: The new economy. California Management Review, 40(3), 55-79.
Teece, D. (2000). Managing intellectual capital: Organizational, strategic, and policy dimensions. New York: Oxford University Press.
Tijssen, R. (2001). Global and domestic utilization of industrial relevant science: Patent citation analysis of science–technology interactions and knowledge flows. Research Policy, 30(1), 35-54.
Trajtenberg, M. (1990). A penny for your quotes: Patent citations and the value of innovations. The RAND Journal of Economics, 21(1), 172-187.
Tritton, G. (2002). Intellectual property in Europe (2 ed.). London: Sweet & Maxwell.
Tushman, M., & Rosenkopf, L. (1992). Organizational determinants of technological change: Towards a sociology of technological evolution (Vol. 14). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Udell, G. (1990). It's still caveat, inventor. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 7(3), 230-243.
Utterback, J. (1994). Mastering the dynamics of innovation. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Varian, H., & Shapiro, C. (1998). Information rules: A strategic guide to the network economy. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press.
Wadhwa, A., & Kotha, S. (2006). Knowledge creation through external venturing: Evidence from the telecommunications equipment manufacturing industry. Academy of Management Journal, 49(4), 819.
Wakasugi, R., & Koyata, F. (1997). R&D, firm size and innovation outputs: Are Japanese firms efficient in product development? Journal of Product Innovation Management, 14(5), 383-392.
Walsh, V. (1994). Technology and the economy: The key relationships. R&D Management, 24(1), 104-107.
Wathne, K., Roos, J., & Krogh, G. v. (1996). Towards a theory of knowledge transfer in a cooperative context Managing Knowledge: Perspectives on cooperation and competition (pp. 55-81): Sage Publications Ltd.
Wiig, K. (1997). Knowledge management: An introduction and perspective. Journal of Knowledge Management, 1(1), 6-14.
Wiig, K. (1999). What future knowledge management users may expect. Journal of Knowledge Management, 3(2), 155-165.
Wu, R., & Lin, H. (2003). The global competitiveness of industrial R&D and innovation in Taiwan. Paper presented at the International Conference on “2003 Industrial Science & Technology Innovation – Policy Issues and Challenges in a Critical Era”. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=16463835404223468075
Yahya, S., & Goh, W. (2002). Managing human resources toward achieving knowledge management. Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(5), 457-468.

論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2021-01-01起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw