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系統識別號 U0026-2607201018390800
論文名稱(中文) 探空火箭計畫--蘭摩爾探針系統
論文名稱(英文) Langmuir Probe System for Sounding Rocket Experiment
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 太空天文與電漿科學研究所
系所名稱(英) Assistant, Institute of Space, Astrophysical and Plasma Sciences(ISAPS)
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生(中文) 陳學民
研究生(英文) Hsueh-Ming Chen
學號 la697109
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 73頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳秋榮
口試委員-小山孝一郎
口試委員-河森榮一郎
中文關鍵字 探針 
英文關鍵字 Langmuir probe 
學科別分類
中文摘要 蘭摩爾探針系統是最廣泛使用在量測電漿最基本的兩個參數(電子溫度及濃度)的方法。
本篇論文主要的研究目地是發展一套蘭摩爾探針系統用在台灣國家太空中心的探空火箭上,探空火箭計畫是台灣一項重要的電離層科學實驗,這套蘭摩爾探針系統就是這次探空十號火箭五項科學儀器的其中一項儀器,此系統主要元件包含有探針、量測電路、訊號控制擷取系統、火箭酬載區載台裝置、旋轉施放裝置等。使用太空電漿模擬艙,我們藉由實驗測試蘭摩爾針系統的問題並驗證系統之設計目標。
英文摘要 Langmuir Probe system is widely used to measure the electron temperature and density, which are two of the basic parameters in the space plasmas. The purpose of this paper is to present a Langmuir probe system, which will be deployed for a Sounding Rocket experiment supported by the National Space Program Office (NSPO). The Sounding Rocket experiment is a coordinated space scientific experiment to study the ionospheric plasma over the Taiwan region. The Langmuir probe system is one of the science instruments of the Sounding Rocket experiment which consists of two sets of Langmuir probes, a Magnetoresistive Magnetometer, a flux-gate Magnetometer, an Ion Energy Analyzer, and a neutral Particle Analyzer. The Langmuir probe system consists of a senor part, detection electronic circuits, and a signal control and data acquisition system, a deployment system that has a wire-cutting system for breaking the glass that seals Langmuir probe from moisture. By testing the Langmuir probe system in the space plasma chamber, we have identified problems associated with the Langmuir probe electronic circuits and data acquisition associated with the Langmuir probe measurement. The Langmuir probe system is now validated with the design goal.
論文目次 Abstract...1
摘要...2
致謝...3
Contents...4
List of Figure...6
Chapter 1 Introduction of Ionosphere...9
1.1 Purpose of This Thesis...9
1.2 What is Ionosphere?...10
1.3 What is Plasma?...12
1.4 Why We Need Langmuir Probe System?...13
Chapter 2 Langmuir Probe Theory...15
2.1 Principle of Langmuir Probe...15
2.1.1 Electron Density and Temperature...19
2.1.2 Ion Saturation Current ...20
2.2 Problem Associated with DC Probe Measurement...23
Chapter 3 Langmuir Probe System Design...25
3.1 Requirement of the Design...26
3.2 Mechanical Device...27
3.2.1 Glass Sealed Probe...28
3.2.2 Glass Tube Cutting System...30
3.3 Analog Circuit...33
3.3.1 Pre-amp...34
3.3.2 Second Stage Amplifier...38
3.4 DAQ for Signal Control and Acquisition...39
Chapter 4 Data Analysis from Plasma Chamber Test...43
4.1 Specifications of Langmuir Probe of Sounding Rocket #10
experiment...43
4.2 Experiment using NCU Plasma Chamber...44
4.3 Summary of Test...58
Chapter 5 Mechanical and Environmental Test...60
5.1 Motor Test...60
5.2 Glass Tube Cutting Test...63
5.3 Vacuum Test...67
Chapter 6 Summary and Conclusion...70
References...72
參考文獻 C. Z. Cheng and H. Okuda, Phys. Rev. Lett., 38,708-711 (1977)
C. Z. Cheng and H. Okuda, Phys. Rev. Lett., 41, 1116-1119 (1978)
Hirao, K., and K. Oyama, Local characteristics of the electron temperature profile, J.Geomag. Geoelectr., 28, 507-514, 1976.
I.Langmuir and H. Mott-Smith, phys. Rev. 28, 727 (1926)
Liu, J. Y., Y. I. Chen, C .H. Chen, C. Y. Liu, C. Y. Chen, M. Nishihashi, J. Z. Liu, Y. Q. Xia,
K. -. I. Oyama, and K. Hattori, and C. H. Lin (2008), Seismo-ionospheric GPS TEC anomalies observed before the 12 May 2008 Mw7.9 Wenchuan Earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A04320, doi: 10.1029/2008JA013698.
Oyama, K., and K. Hirao, Application of grass-sealed Langmuir probe to ionosphere study, Rev. Sci. Instr., 47, 101-107, 1976.
Oyama, K., and K. Hirao, Application of grass-sealed Langmuir probe to ionosphere study, Rev. Sci. Instr., 47, 101-107, 1976.
Oyama, K., A systematic investigation of several phenomena associated with contaminated Langmuir probes, Planet. Space Sci., 24, 183-190, 1976.
Oyama, K., and K. Hirao, Inaccuracies in electron density estimates due to surface contaminated Langmuir probes, Planet. Space Sci., 24, 87-89, 1976.
Oyama, K., and K. Hirao, Evidence of a distorted energy distribution in ionosphere plasma, Planet. Space Sci., 24, 900-904, 1976.
Oyama, K., and K. Hirao, Anomalous heating of the thermal electrons near the focus of the current vortex, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 31, 11-19, 1979.
Oyama, K., and K. Hirao, Distortion of the energy distribution of ionospheric thermal electrons near the focus of Sq current vortex, Planet. Space Sci., 27,183-192, 1979.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasma_%28physics%2973
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionosphere
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