進階搜尋


下載電子全文  
系統識別號 U0026-2511201017423800
論文名稱(中文) What Matters between CEO Duality and Firm Performance? Examining the roles of CEO Informal Power and Board Involvements
論文名稱(英文) What Matters between CEO Duality and Firm Performance? Examining the roles of CEO Informal Power and Board Involvements
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 國際經營管理研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Institute of International Management (IIMBA--Master)
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生(中文) 奈格拉
研究生(英文) Wijethunga N.G.U.C.B
學號 Ra6987231
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 80頁
口試委員 指導教授-林豪傑
召集委員-張瀞之
口試委員-鄭至甫
口試委員-莊智薰
中文關鍵字 none 
英文關鍵字 CEO Duality  CEO Informal Power  Board Involvement  Firm Performance  Agency Theory  Stewardship Theory  Resource Dependence Theory 
學科別分類
中文摘要 none
英文摘要 This research linked the CEO duality and firm performance relationship and analyzed the moderating role of the resource dependence theory, in terms of CEO informal power and board involvement. Integrating agency, stewardship, and resource dependence theories, hypotheses were tested using corporate governance data collected from 212 listed companies, encompassing 20 industries in Sri Lanka. Findings supported in favor of the agency theory, determining that CEO duality has a negative impact on firm performance when the CEO is equipped with additional informal powers while duality exists. On the other hand, CEO duality reveals a positive impact on firm performance in circumstances where board involvement is considerably high, in terms of collaboration and control of agency, stewardship, and resource dependence theories. Thus, findings of this study support for both major theoretical perspectives depending on the numerous resources provided by the CEO and board of directors. In particular, given special reference to emerging economies, recent corporate governance implications on CEO duality- firm performance relationship are also addressed.
論文目次 AKNOWLEDGEMENTS I
ABSTRACT II
TABLE OF CONTENTS III
LIST OF TABLES V
LIST OF FIGURES VI
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Background. 1
1.2 Research Motivation. 10
1.3 Research Objectives. 15
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 17
2.1 Theoretical Background and Hypothesis Development. 17
2.1.1 CEO Duality and Firm Performance. 17
2.1.2 Moderating Effect of CEO Informal Power. 23
2.1.3 Moderating Effect of Board Involvement. 30
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 36
3.1 Research Design and Sample Selection. 36
3.2 Research Model. 40
3.3 Definitions and Measurements of Variables. 41
3.3.1 Independent Variable. 41
3.3.2 Dependent Variables. 41
3.3.3 Moderating Variables. 43
3.3.4 Control Variables. 44
3.4 Statistical Analysis. 49
CHAPTER FOUR EMPIRICAL RESULTS 50
4.1 Correlation Coefficient Analysis. 50
4.2 Multiple Regression Analysis. 53
CHAPTER FIVE DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION 62
5.1 Discussion and Conclusion. 62
5.2 Limitations and Future Research. 68
REFERENCES 71
參考文獻 Abdullah, S. (2004). Board composition, CEO duality and performance among Malaysian listed companies. Corporate Governance, 4(4), 47-61.
Adams, R., Almeida, H., & Ferreira, D. (2005). Powerful CEOs and their impact on corporate performance. Review of Financial Studies, 18(4), 1403-1432.
Adjaoud, F., Zeghal, D., & Andaleeb, S. (2007). The effect of board's quality on performance: A study of Canadian firms. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 15(4), 623-635.
Aguilera, R., Filatotchev, I., Gospel, H., & Jackson, G. (2008). An organizational approach to comparative corporate governance: Costs, contingencies, and complementarities. Organization Science, 19(3), 475-492.
Aguilera, R., & Jackson, G. (2003). The cross-national diversity of corporate governance: Dimensions and determinants. The Academy of Management Review, 28(3), 447-465.
Ahmed, K., Hossain, M., & Adams, M. (2006). The effects of board composition and board size on the informativeness of annual accounting earnings. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 14(5), 418-431.
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple Regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park: CA: Sage publications.
Albrecht, W., Albrecht, C., & Albrecht, C. (2004). Fraud and corporate executives: Agency, stewardship and broken trust. Journal of Forensic Accounting, 5(2004), 109-130.
Anderson, R. C., Mansi, S. A., & Reeb, D. M. (2002). Founding family ownership and the agency cost of debt. SSRN eLibrary.
Anderson, R. C., & Reeb, D. M. (2004). Board composition: Balancing family influence in S&P 500 firms. Administrative Science Quarterly, 49(2), 209-237.
Antia, M., Pantzalis, C., & Park, J. (2010). CEO decision horizon and firm performance: An empirical investigation. Journal of Corporate Finance, 16(3), 288-301.
Arthurs, J. D., Hoskisson, R. E., Busenitz, L. W., & Johnson, R. A. (2008). Managerial agents watching other agents: Multiple agency conflicts regarding underpricing in IPO firms. Academy of Management Journal, 51(2), 277-294.
Baliga, B. R., Moyer, R. C., & Rao, R. S. (1996). CEO duality and firm performance: What's the fuss? Strategic Management Journal, 17(1), 41-53.
Ballinger, G. A., & Marcel, J. J. (2010). The use of an interim CEO during succession episode and firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 31(3), 262-283.
Barkema, H., & Pennings, J. (1998). Top management pay: Impact of overt and covert power. Organization Studies, 19(6), 975-1003.
Benz, M., & Frey, B. S. (2007). Corporate governance: What can we learn from public governance? Academy of Management Review, 32(1), 92-104.
Berg, S., & Smith, S. (1978). CEO and board chairman: A quantitative study of dual vs. unitary board leadership. Directors and Boards, 3(1), 34-39.
Berrone, P., & Gomez-Mejia, L. R. (2009). Environmental performance and executive compensation: An integrated agency-institutional perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 52(1), 103-126.
Boyd, B. (1995). CEO duality and firm performance: A contingency model. Strategic Management Journal, 16(4), 301-312.
Braun, M., & Sharma, A. (2007). Should the CEO also be chair of the board? An empirical examination of family-controlled public firms. Family Business Review, 20(2), 111-126.
Bruton, G. D., & Lau, C.-M. (2008). Asian management research: Status today and future outlook. Journal of Management Studies, 45(3), 636-659.
Cadbury Committee. (1992). Report of the committee on the financial aspects of corporate governance, Gee: London.
Cannella, A., Park, J., & Lee, H. (2008). Top management team functional background diversity and firm performance: Examining the roles of team member colocation and environmental uncertainty. The Academy of Management Journal, 51(4), 768-784.
Chaganti, R., Mahajan, V., & Sharma, S. (1985). Corporate board size, composition and corporate failures in retailing industry. Journal of Management Studies, 22(4), 400-417.
Chahine, S., & Tohmé, N. S. (2009). Is CEO duality always negative? An exploration of CEO duality and ownership structure in the Arab IPO context. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 17(2), 123-141.
Chen, R., Dyball, M. C., & Wright, S. (2009). The link between board composition and corporate diversification in Australian corporations. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 17(2), 208-223.
Chhaochharia, V., & Grinstein, Y. (2007). Corporate governance and firm value: The impact of the 2002 governance rules. The Journal of Finance, 62(4), 1789-1825.
Colombo Stock Exchange. (2008). Fact Book - 2008. Colombo.
Colombo Stock Exchange. (2009). Data Library - 2009. Colombo.
Corbetta, G., & Salvato, C. (2004). Self-serving or self-actualizing? Models of man and agency costs in different types of family firms: A commentary on" comparing the agency costs of family and non-family firms: Conceptual issues and exploratory evidence". Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 28(4), 355-363.
Crossland, C., & Hambrick, D. (2007). How national systems differ in their constraints on corporate executives: A study of CEO effects in three countries. Strategic Management Journal, 28(8), 767-789.
Cruz, C. C., Gómez-Mejia, L. R., & Becerra, M. (2010). Perceptions of benevolence and the design of agency contracts: CEO-TMT relationships in family firms. Academy of Management Journal, 53(1), 69-89.
Daily, C., & Dalton, D. (1992). The relationship between governance structure and corporate performance in entrepreneurial firms. Journal of Business Venturing, 7(5), 375-386.
Daily, C., Dalton, D., & Cannella Jr, A. (2003). Corporate governance: Decades of dialogue and data. The Academy of Management Review, 28(3), 371-382.
Daily, C. M., & Dalton, D. R. (1994). Corporate governance and the bankrupt firm: An empirical assessment. Strategic Management Journal, 15(8), 643-654.
Dalton, D., Daily, C., Certo, S., & Roengpitya, R. (2003). Meta-analyses of financial performance and equity: fusion or confusion? The Academy of Management Journal, 46(1), 13-26.
Dalton, D., Daily, C., Ellstrand, A., & Johnson, J. (1998). Meta-analytic reviews of board composition, leadership structure, and financial performance. Strategic Management Journal, 19(3), 269-290.
Dalton, D., Daily, C., Johnson, J., & Ellstrand, A. (1999). Number of directors and financial performance: A meta-analysis. Academy of Management Journal, 42(6), 674-686.
Dalton, D., Hitt, M., Certo, S., & Dalton, C. (2007). The fundamental agency problem and its mitigation. The Academy of Management Annals, 1(1), 1-64.
Davis, J., Schoorman, F., & Donaldson, L. (1997). Toward a stewardship theory of management. Academy of Management Review, 22(1), 20-47.
Delgado-García, Bautista, J., FuenteSabaté, D. L., & Manuel, J. (2010). How do CEO emotions matter? Impact of CEO affective traits on strategic and performance conformity in the Spanish banking industry. Strategic Management Journal, 31(5), 562-574.
Donaldson, L., & Davis, J. (1991). Stewardship theory or agency theory: CEO governance and shareholder returns. Australian Journal of Management, 16(1), 49-64.
Eddleston, K., & Kellermanns, F. (2007). Destructive and productive family relationships: A stewardship theory perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 22(4), 545-565.
Ees, H. v., Gabrielsson, J., & Huse, M. (2009). Toward a behavioral theory of boards and corporate governance. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 17(3), 307-319.
Ekanayake, A., Perera, H., & Perera, S. (2009). Towards a framework to analyze the role of accounting in corporate governance in the banking sector. Journal of Applied Management Accounting Research, 7(2), 21-40.
Elsaid, E., & Davidson, W. N. I. (2009). What happens to CEO compensation following turnover and succession? The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 49(2), 424-447.
Elsaid, E., Davidson, W. N. I., & Benson, B. W. (2009). CEO compensation structure following succession: Evidence of optimal incentives with career concerns. The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 49(4), 1389-1409.
Elsayed, K. (2007). Does CEO duality really affect corporate performance? Corporate Governance: An International Review, 15(6), 1203-1214.
Elsayed, K. (2010). A multi theory perspective of board leadership structure. British Journal of Management, 21(1), 80-99.
Ertimur, Y., Ferri, F., & Stubben, S. (2010). Board of directors' responsiveness to shareholders: Evidence from shareholder proposals. Journal of Corporate Finance, 16(1), 53-72.
Ferris, S. P., Jagannathan, M., & Pritchard, A. C. (2003). Too busy to mind the business? Monitoring by directors with multiple board appointments. The Journal of Finance, 58(3), 1087-1111.
Finkelstein, S. (1992). Power in top management teams: dimensions, measurements, and validation. Academy of Management Journal, 35(3), 505-538.
Finkelstein, S., & D'Aveni, R. A. (1994). CEO duality as a double-edged sword: How boards of directors balance entrenchment avoidance and unity of command. The Academy of Management Journal, 37(5), 1079-1108.
Finkelstein, S., & Hambrick, D. (1989). Chief executive compensation: A study of the intersection of markets and political processes. Strategic Management Journal, 10(2), 121-134.
Finkelstein, S., & Hambrick, D. (1990). Top management team tenure and organizational outcomes: The moderating role of managerial discretion. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(3), 484-503.
Frankforter, S. A., Davis, J. H., Vollrath, D. A., & Hill, V. (2007). Determinants of governance structure among companies: A test of agency theory predictions. International Journal of Management, 24(3), 454-462.
Gillan, S. L. (2006). Recent developments in corporate governance: An overview. Journal of Corporate Finance, 12(3), 381-402.
Gillan, S. L., & Martin, J. D. (2007). Corporate governance post-Enron: Effective reforms, or closing the stable door? Journal of Corporate Finance, 13(5), 929-958.
Gomez-Mejia, L., Haynes, K., Nunez-Nickel, M., Jacobson, K., & Moyano-Fuentes, J. (2007). Family owned firms: risk loving or risk averse. Administrative Science Quarterly, 52(1), 106-137.
Goodstein, J., Gautam, K., & Boeker, W. (1994). The effects of board size and diversity on strategic change. Strategic Management Journal, 15(3), 241-250.
Goodwin, J., & Seow, J. L. (2000). Corporate governance in Singapore perceptions of investors, directors and auditors. Accounting and Business Review, 7(1), 39-68.
Greve, H., & Mitsuhashi, H. (2007). Power and glory: Concentrated power in top management teams. Organization Studies, 28(8), 1197-1221.
Hambrick, D., Werder, A., & Zajac, E. (2008). New directions in corporate governance research. Organization Science, 19(3), 381-385.
Harris, D., & Helfat, C. E. (1998). CEO duality, succession, capabilities and agency theory: Commentary and research agenda. Strategic Management Journal, 19(9), 901-904.
Harris, I., & Shimizu, K. (2004). Too busy to serve? An examination of the influence of overboarded directors. Journal of Management Studies, 41(5), 775-798.
Henry, D. (2009). Agency costs, ownership structure and corporate governance compliance: A private contracting perspective. Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, 18(1), 24-46.
Hillman, A. J., & Dalziel, T. (2003). Boards of directors and firm performance: Integrating agency and resource dependence perspectives. The Academy of Management Review, 28(3), 383-396.
Hillman, A. J., Nicholson, G., & Shropshire, C. (2008). Directors' multiple identities, identification, and board monitoring and resource provision. Organization Science, 19(3), 441-456.
Hillman, A. J., Withers, M. C., & Collins, B. J. (2009). Resource dependence theory: A review. Journal of Management, 35(6), 1404-1427.
Holm, C., & Schøler, F. (2010). Reduction of asymmetric information through corporate governance mechanisms – the importance of ownership dispersion and exposure toward the international capital market. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 18(1), 32-47.
Hoskisson, R., Hitt, M., Johnson, R., & Grossman, W. (2002). Conflicting voices: The effects of institutional ownership heterogeneity and internal governance on corporate innovation strategies. Academy of Management Journal, 45(4), 697-716.
Hutchinson, M. (2002). An analysis of the association between firms' investment opportunities, board composition and firm performance. Asia Pacific Journal of Accounting and Economics, 9(1), 17-38.
Iyengar, R. J., & Zampelli, E. M. (2009). Self-selection, endogeneity, and the relationship between CEO duality and firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 30(10), 1092-1112.
Jackling, B., & Johl, S. (2009). Board structure and firm performance: Evidence from India's top companies. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 17(4), 492-509.
Jaggi, T., & Gul, F. (2001). CEO domination, growth opportunities, and their impact on audit fees. Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance, 16(3), 189-208.
Jensen, M. C. (1993). Modern industrial revolution, exit, and the failure of internal control systems. Journal of Finance (July), 831-880.
Karaevli, A. (2007). Performance consequences of new CEO "Outsiderness": Moderating effects of pre- and post-succession contexts. Strategic Management Journal, 28(7), 681-706.
Kim, K.-H., Al-Shammari, H. A., Kim, B., & Lee, S.-H. (2009). CEO duality leadership and corporate diversification behavior. Journal of Business Research, 62(11), 1173-1180.
Klein, A. (2002). Audit committee, board of director characteristics, and earnings management. Journal of Accounting and Economics, 33(3), 375-400.
Kroll, M., Walters, B. A., & Wright, P. (2008). Board vigilance, director experience, and corporate outcomes. Strategic Management Journal, 29(4), 363-382.
La Porta, R., Lopez-de-Silanes, F., Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. (1998). Law and finance. Journal of Political Economy, 106(6), 1113-1155.
Lan, L. L., & Heracleous, L. (2010). Rethinking agency theory: The view from law. Academy of Management Review, 35(2), 294-314.
Lasfer, M. (2006). The interrelationship between managerial ownership and board structure. Journal of Business Finance and Accounting, 33(7-8), 1006.
Lau, J., Sinnadurai, P., & Wright, S. (2009). Corporate governance and chief executive officer dismissal following poor performance: Australian evidence. Accounting and Finance, 49(1), 161-182.
Li, J., & Tang, Y. (2010). CEO hubris and firm risk taking in China: The moderating role of managerial discretion. Academy of Management Journal, 53(1), 45-68.
Lin, H.-C., & Shih, C.-T. (2008). How executive SHRM system links to firm performance: The perspectives of upper echelon and competitive dynamics. Journal of Management, 34(5), 853-881.
Lin, Y. (2005). Corporate governance, leadership structure and CEO compensation: Evidence from Taiwan. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 13(6), 824-835.
Ling, Y. A. N., Simsek, Z., Lubatkin, M. H., & Veiga, J. F. (2008). Transformational leadership's role in promoting corporate entrepreneurship: Examining the CEO-TMT interface. Academy of Management Journal, 51(3), 557-576.
Lynall, M. D., Golden, B. R., & Hillman, A. J. (2003). Board composition from adolescence to maturity: A multitheoretic view. The Academy of Management Review, 28(3), 416-431.
Mackey, A. (2009). The effect of CEOs on firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 29(12), 1357-1367.
Magnusson, P., & Boggs, D. J. (2006). International experience and CEO selection: An empirical study. Journal of International Management, 12(1), 107-125.
Marcel, J. J. (2009). Why top management team characteristics matter when employing a chief operating officer: A strategic contingency perspective. Strategic Management Journal, 30(6), 647-658.
Matta, E., & Beamish, P. W. (2008). The accentuated CEO career horizon problem: Evidence from international acquisitions. Strategic Management Journal, 29(7), 683-700.
McCarthy, D. J., & Puffer, S. M. (2008). Interpreting the ethicality of corporate governance decisions in Russia: Utilizing integrative social contracts theory to evaluate the relevance of agency theory norms. Academy of Management Review, 33(1), 11-31.
McDonald, M. L., Khanna, P., & Westphal, J. D. (2008). Getting them to think outside the circle: Corporate governance, CEOs' external advice networks, and firm performance. Academy of Management Journal, 51(3), 453-475.
McDonald, M. L., & Westphal, J. D. (2010). A little help here? board control, CEO identification with corporate elite, and strategic help provided to CEOs at other firms. Academy of Management Journal, 53(2), 343-370.
Michael, B., & Anurag, S. (2007). Should the CEO also be chair of the board? An empirical examination of family-controlled public firms. Family Business Review, 20(2), 111-126.
Miller, D., Breton-Miller, I. L., & Scholnick, B. (2008). Stewardship vs. stagnation: An empirical comparison of small family and non-family businesses. Journal of Management Studies, 45(1), 51-78.
Mooney, C. H., Dalton, D. R., Dalton, C. M., & Certo, S. T. (2007). CEO succession as a funnel: The critical, and changing, role of inside directors. Organizational Dynamics, 36(4), 418-428.
Ocasio, W. (1994). Political dynamics and the circulation of power: CEO succession in US industrial corporations, 1960-1990. Administrative Science Quarterly, 39(2), 285-312.
Parrino, R. (1997). CEO turnover and outside succession a cross-sectional analysis. Journal of Financial Economics, 46(2), 165-197.
Pearce, J., & Zahra, S. (1992). Board composition from a strategic contingency perspective. Journal of Management Studies, 29(4), 411-438.
Peiro, J., & Melia, J. (2003). Formal and informal interpersonal power in organisations: Testing a bifactorial model of power in role-sets. Applied Psychology, 52(1), 14-35.
Peng, M. W., Zhang, S., & Li, X. (2007). CEO duality and firm performance during China's institutional transitions. Management and Organization Review, 3(2), 205-225.
Puffer, S. M., & Weintrop, J. B. (1995). CEO and board leadership: The influence of organizational performance, board composition, and retirement on CEO successor origin. The Leadership Quarterly, 6(1), 49-68.
Rechner, P. L., & Dalton, D. R. (1991). CEO duality and organizational performance: A longitudinal analysis. Strategic Management Journal, 12(2), 155-160.
Reeb, D., & Upadhyay, A. (2010). Subordinate board structures. Journal of Corporate Finance, 15(4), 469-486.
Santaló, J., & Kick, C. J. (2009). Division director versus CEO compensation: New insights into the determinants of executive pay. Journal of Management, 35(4), 1047-1077.
Schnatterly, K., & Johnson, S. G. (2008). Competing to be CEO in high-tech firms: Insider, board member, or outsider candidates. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 18(2), 132-142.
Shen, W. (2003). The dynamics of the CEO-board relationship: An evolutionary perspective. The Academy of Management Review, 28(3), 466-476.
Shen, W., & Lin, C. (2009). Firm profitability, state ownership, and top management turnover at the listed firms in China: A behavioral perspective. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 17(4), 443-456.
Shivdasani, A., & Yermack, D. (1999). CEO involvement in the selection of new board members: An empirical analysis. Journal of Finance, 54(5), 1829-1853.
Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. (1997). A survey of corporate governance. Journal of Finance, 52(2), 737-783.
Simsek, Z. (2007). CEO tenure and organizational performance: An intervening model. Strategic Management Journal, 28(6), 653-662.
Stainbank, L., & Harrod, K. (2007). Headline earnings per share: financial managers』 perceptions and actual disclosure practices in South Africa. Meditari Accountancy Research, 15(1), 91-113.
Treadway Commission Report. (1987).
Tuggle, C. S., Sirmon, D. G., Reutzel, C. R., & Bierman, L. (2010). Commanding board of director attention: Investigating how organizational performance and CEO duality affect board members' attention to monitoring. Strategic Management Journal, 31(9), 946-968.
Uang, J., Citron, D., Sudarsanam, S., & Taffler, R. (2006). Management going-concern disclosures: Impact of corporate governance and auditor reputation. European Financial Management, 12(5), 789-816.
Vafeas, N. (1999). Board meeting frequency and firm performance. Journal of Financial Economics, 53(1), 113-142.
Ward, D., & Filatotchev, I. (2010). Principal-principal-agency relationships and the role of external governance. Managerial and Decision Economics, 31, 249-261.
Westphal, J. D., & Graebner, M. E. (2010). A matter of appearances: How corporate leaders manage the impression of financial analysts about the conduct of their boards. Academy of Management Journal, 53(1), 15-44.
Westphal, J. D., & Stern, I. (2006). The other pathway to the boardroom: Interpersonal influence behavior as a substitute for elite credentials and majority status in obtaining board appointments. Administrative Science Quarterly, 51(2), 169-204.
Worrell, D., Nemec, C., & Davidson III, W. (1998). One hat too many: Key executive plurality and shareholder wealth. Strategic Management Journal, 18(6), 499-507.
Zahra, S., Neubaum, D., & Huse, M. (2000). Entrepreneurship in medium-size companies: Exploring the effects of ownership and governance systems. Journal of Management, 26(5), 947-976.
Zajac, E., & Westphal, J. (1996). Who shall succeed? How CEO/board preferences and power affect the choice of new CEOs. Academy of Management Journal, 39(1), 64-90.
Zhang, Y. (2008). Information asymmetry and Dismissal of newly appointed CEOs: An empirical investigation. Strategic Management Journal, 29(8), 859-872.
Zhang, Y., & Rajagopalan, N. (2010). Once an outsider, always an outsider? CEO origin strategic change, and firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 31(3), 334-346.
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2010-12-15起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2010-12-15起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw