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系統識別號 U0026-2508201712090500
論文名稱(中文) 飛行操作油耗分析─起飛與爬升階段
論文名稱(英文) Effect of Flight Operation on Fuel Consumption During Takeoff and Climb
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 民航研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Civil Aviation
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 楊貴禎
研究生(英文) Kuei-Chen Yang
學號 Q46034041
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 94頁
口試委員 口試委員-許平
口試委員-林俊良
指導教授-袁曉峰
中文關鍵字 燃油消耗  飛行節油操作  QAR 
英文關鍵字 fuel consumption  flight operation  QAR 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究的目的為利用真實的QAR飛行數據來評估飛行之起飛與爬升階段飛行操作對油耗的影響,探究關鍵之操作因素並進一步分析其與油耗之趨勢變化。本研究使用2015年4月至2015年11月間所紀錄之波音777-300ER航班數據,包含中程航線352個航班與長程航線510個航班,利用EXCEL VBA及Microsoft SQL Server Database建立一專屬研究資料庫,將數據分為起飛、初始爬升、爬升三階段。分別對三階段進行各參數與燃油消耗間之相關性分析,找出與相關性較高的參數進入第二階段迴歸分析,最後得出各飛行階段之迴歸式。
根據研究結果顯示,中程航班與長程航班在油耗上主要差異來自起飛重量之不同,而主要影響油耗之飛行操作參數於中程航班與長程航班間並無明顯差異。使用較低的起飛推力、爬升階段設定較低的爬升率會有較低的油耗表現。相較於其他航班之平均值,使使用較低之起飛推力及爬升率之航班,中程航班約可減少5.72%之全程燃油,長程航班可減少約1.02%之全程燃油。
英文摘要 Fuel is a great concern to the operation of airlines. This thesis evaluated the fuel-saving operations procedures during takeoff, initial climb and climb by using real flight data downloaded from QAR of both medium haul flights and long haul flights. Statistical method such as correlation analysis and regression analysis were performed by using EXCEL VBA, SQL Server Database and SPSS software, and fuel consumption features for medium haul flights and long haul flights at three flight phases were analyzed.
The result of the analysis concluded that the fuel consumption for long haul flights and medium haul flights differed majorly from the variation of takeoff weight. The operation parameters that influence fuel consumption were identical no matter in medium or long haul flights. Lower takeoff thrust setting, lower vertical speed for initial climb and climb phase were more fuel conservation operations. With the adjust of fuel conservation operations recommended in these analysis results, it can save approximately 5.72% of the total flight fuel consumption for medium haul flights and 1.02% for long haul flights.
論文目次 Abstract in Chinese I
Abstract XII
Acknowledgement XIII
Contents XIV
List of Tables XVII
List of Figures XVIII
List of Appendices XX
Abbreviation XXI
Chapter I: Introduction 1
1.1 Research Motivation 1
1.2 Research Background: QAR Data Application Nowadays 4
1.3 Research Objective 5
Chapter II: Fuel Conservation Strategy 6
2.1 Roles of Flight Crew in Fuel Conservation 6
2.2 Suggested Strategies of Flight Phases by Boeing 7
2.3 Academic Researches about Fuel Conservation 11
Chapter III: Research Methodology 13
3.1 Research Database 14
3.1.1 Definition of Flight Phase 14
3.1.2 Data Process 15
3.1.3 Definition of Fuel Consumption Parameters 17
3.2 Statistical Analysis 18
3.2.1 Correlation Analysis 18
3.2.2 Data Normalization 19
3.2.2 Regression Analysis 21
3.3 Research Structure 22
Chapter IV: Results and Discussion 24
4.1 Operation Differences between Long Haul and Medium Haul Flights 24
4.1.1 Takeoff Weights 24
4.1.2 Takeoff Flap 25
4.1.3Takeoff Thrust 27
4.1.4 Top of Climb (TOC) 29
4.1.5 Vertical Speed 30
4.2 Fuel Consumption Analysis 32
4.2.1 Fuel Consumption Model 32
4.2.2 Analysis 34
4.2.3 Fuel Consumption with Different Operation 39
4.3 Flight Phase Analysis 42
4.3.1 Takeoff Roll 42
4.3.2 Initial Climb 49
4.3.3 Climb 56
Chapter V: Conclusion 66
5.1 Summary of Fuel Conservation Operation Advises 67
5.2 Benefit of Using Fuel Conservation Operation 70
5.3 Future Research 70
5.3.1 The Identification of Relation between Parameters 70
5.3.2 Analysis on Other Flight Phases 71
References 72
Appendix 1. QAR Raw Data Parameters 74
Appendix 2. Fuel Consumption Database 76
Appendix 3. Definition of Parameters in Fuel Consumption Database 77
Appendix 4. Equation of Statistics 82
Appendix 5. Correlation Table of Flight Phases 85
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