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系統識別號 U0026-2508201623014600
論文名稱(中文) Alpha 神經回饋有助於提升工作記憶及頓悟
論文名稱(英文) Neurofeedback of Alpha Rhythm Enhance Working Memory and Insight
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 心理學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Psychology
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 洪雪娟
研究生(英文) Ang Xue Juan
學號 U76037023
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 78頁
口試委員 指導教授-蕭富仁
口試委員-梁勝富
口試委員-陳瑞芬
口試委員-陳德祐
中文關鍵字 Alpha  神經回饋訓練  工作記憶  頓悟  中文遠距聯想測驗(CWRAT)  數字銳減作業(NRT) 
英文關鍵字 Alpha rhythm  neurofeedback training  working memory  insight  Chinese word remote association task (CWRAT)  number reduction task (NRT) 
學科別分類
中文摘要 工作記憶及頓悟對於我們日常生活之問題解決扮演了相當重要之角色,但是工作記憶與頓悟之間的關係卻是不明確的。目前通過過去多項研究成果已知alpha神經回饋訓練會影響工作記憶的表現,但是並未有研究針對alpha神經回饋訓練對於頓悟之影響進行探討。本研究進行一次性之神經回饋訓練讓受試者可以自主性地提升自己的alpha能量,並且探討alpha神經回饋訓練對於工作記憶與頓悟之影響。本研究之實驗組與控制組分別接受alpha及隨機(random)波段的神經回饋訓練,並觀察兩組在工作記憶作業(2-Back & BDST)及頓悟作業(CWRAT & NRT)的前後測表現。經過神經回饋訓練後,控制組在BDST及CWRAT的表現具有進步,但是實驗組在逆序數字廣度作業、2-Back、CWRAT及NRT的後測表現皆有所提升。並且在各項作業中,實驗組之後測表現也顯著比控制組的更好。除此之外,本研究之分析結果也發現alpha能量較高者之工作記憶(2-Back)表現與頓悟(CWRAT)表現具有顯著之正相關,此結果表示alpha能量對於2-Back及CWRAT之間的相關性具有調節的作用。從本研究之結果顯示alpha神經回饋確實可有效提升工作記憶及頓悟的表現。
英文摘要 Working memory and insight ability play an important role in daily problem solving. But the relationship between the working memory and insight is ambiguous and further investigation is needed. Previous studies showed that the alpha neurofeedback training was effectively improved the performance of working memory, however there is lack of study investigating the effect of alpha neurofeedback training on insight. Thus, an effective control group design with one session neurofeedback training has been proposed in this study. Our study proposed that the increasing in alpha rhythm amplitude through the alpha neurofeedback training could improve the performance in working memory task and insight task. The alpha and control group was received the alpha and random neurofeedback training respectively. And the performance in working memory task (2-Back & BDST) and insight task (CWRAT & NRT) were evaluated. With the intervention of neurofeedback training, the control group was only improved in the BDST and CWRAT, and the alpha group was improved in all of the tasks included 2-Back, BDST, CWRAT and NRT. Furthermore, improvement in posttest of all of the tasks of alpha group was significant higher than control group. And a significant correlation between working memory (2-Back) and insight (CWRAT) was observed in responders (those who induced the higher alpha amplitude). The results implicated that the alpha neurofeedback training enhances the performance in working memory and insight.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
英文延伸摘要(Extended Abstract) II
誌謝 VII
目錄 VIII
表目錄 X
圖目錄 XII
符號 XIII
第一章 序論 1
1.1 以問題解決之能力出發 — 工作記憶及頓悟之重要性 1
1.2 工作記憶與頓悟 2
1.3 頓悟與alpha腦波 5
1.4 神經回饋訓練與認知 7
1.5 過去研究之限制 10
1.6 研究目的與假設 12
第二章 研究方法 14
2.1實驗設計 14
2.2研究對象 14
2.3實驗刺激與設備 15
2.4實驗流程 21
2.5實驗結果分析 22
第三章 研究結果 25
3.1 受試者 25
3.2 神經回饋訓練分析結果 25
3.3 工作記憶作業之分析結果 26
3.4頓悟作業之分析結果 28
3.5 相關性分析 30
3.6 效果量(Effect Size)分析 33
第四章 討論 34
第五章 結論及未來展望 41
5.1 結論 41
5.2未來展望 41
參考文獻 44
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