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系統識別號 U0026-2508201010544300
論文名稱(中文) 分區可及性與點可及性之比較分析:高雄市為研究範圍
論文名稱(英文) The Comparative Study of Zone Scheme Based and Point Based Accessibility: Kaohsiung City as Study Area
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生(中文) 鍾雲傑
研究生(英文) Yun-Kit Choong
學號 p2697401
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 51頁
口試委員 指導教授-林漢良
口試委員-馮正民
口試委員-李宇欣
口試委員-石豐宇
中文關鍵字 none 
英文關鍵字 Point Based Accessibility  Zone based Accessibility  Distance-Based Accessibility Measures  Multi-travel Mode  Spatial Separation  Spatial Variation 
學科別分類
中文摘要 none
英文摘要 Accessibility measure has been use wisely in urban planning, transportation planning and other relevant field. Although it is a useful methods to calculate the accessibility, it still remain an issue of potential information been suppressed. This issue has been raised by Pooler since 1995, he argued that the type of spatial separation also affect the description of the structure in spatial interaction. However, majority of the researches still focus on the variable of accessibility within the objects, instead of the discussion of the type and physical location of spatial separation, while the physical travel mode also seldom consider in the research.
Based on the argument by Pooler, this research attempted to prove the different spatial separation and travel mode will affect the result of accessibility. To achieve the purpose, this research compared the zone based accessibility with the point based accessibility to discover the spatial variation. This comparison executed spatial autocorrelation to define the variation of accessibility of zone based and point based.
According to the experiment results, this research discovered zone based and point based accessibility show a different clustering pattern respectively. Based on spatial clustering pattern, this research continues the kernel density analysis to visualize the pattern of clustering. From this result, we discovered the point based accessibility is more appropriate to describe the spatial structure of Kaohsiung City.
論文目次 Table of Contents
Abstract I

Acknowledgement II

Table of Contents III
List of Figures V
List of Tables VI

1. Introduction 1
1.1 Accessibility in Spatial Planning 1
1.2 Important Terms 3
1.3 Issue statement 3
1.4 Research Aim and Objectives 4
1.5 Research Framework 4
1.6 Structures of Thesis 6

2. Reviews of the Development of Accessibility 8
2.1 Concept and Definitions of Accessibility 8
2.2 The Revolution of Accessibility Models 10
2.3 Scope of Accessibility Measurement 13
2.4 Scope and Research Position 16

3. Theoretical Framework of Accessibility 18
3.1 Distance-Based Accessibility Measures 18
3.2 Principles of Second-order Effect 21
3.3 Research Limitations 23

4. Development of the Accessibility 25
4.1 Study Area 25
4.2 Data Collection 25
4.3 Analysis Design and Procedure 27
4.4 Measurement Approach 28
4.5 Comparative Approach 31

5. Application of the Accessibility Measures 34
5.1 The Pattern of Accessibility 34
5.2 Test of Spatial Variation 41

6. Conclusion and Suggestions 44
6.1 Conclusion 44
6.2 Suggestions 47

References 48
English References 48
Chinese References 51
Website 51


List of Figures
Fig 1.1 Research Framework 5
Fig 2.1 The Elements of Accessibility 8
Fig 2.2 Accessibility Models of Location Based Measurement 13
Fig 3.1 Concept of Total Accessibility in Distance-Based Accessibility 20
Fig 3.2 Mathematical functions for description of the semivariance 23
Fig 4.1 Main Route System of Kaohsiung City 26
Fig 4.2 MRT System of Kaohsiung City 26
Fig 4.3 Analysis Design and Procedure 27
Fig 4.4 Inverse Distance Model 33
Fig 5.1 Distribution Pattern of Total Accessibility for Zone Based and Point Based In Different Travel Mode 35
Fig 5.2 Classified of zone based accessibility in single travel mode 37
Fig 5.3 Classified of point based accessibility in single travel mode 37
Fig 5.4 Classified of zone based accessibility in multi-travel mode 38
Fig 5.5 Classified of point based accessibility in multi-travel mode 38
Fig 5.6 Zone Based Accessibility in Single Travel Mode (STM) 39
Fig 5.7 Zone Based Accessibility in Multi-Travel Mode (MTM) 39
Fig 5.8 Point Based Accessibility in Single Travel Mode (STM) 40
Fig 5.9 Point Based Accessibility in Multi-Travel Mode (MTM) 40
Fig 5.10 Comparative of Spatial Clustering Pattern of Zone Based and Point Based Accessibility in Different Travel Mode 42
Fig 5.11 Spatial clustering pattern of zone based and point based accessibility in different travel mode 43
Fig 6.1 Spatial clustering pattern of zone based accessibility in multi- travel mode 45
Fig 6.2 Spatial clustering pattern of commercial area (zone based) accessibility in multi- travel mode 45
Fig 6.3 Spatial clustering pattern of point based accessibility in multi- travel mode 46
Fig 6.4 Spatial clustering pattern of commercial area (point based) accessibility in multi- travel mode 46


List of Tables
Table 2.1 Advantages and Disadvantages of Accessibility Measures 15
Table 4.1 Data Requirement 26
Table 4.4 Procedure of Building the Network Dataset 29
Table 5.1 Basic Statistic of Total Accessibility for Zone Based and Point Based In Different Travel Mode 36
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Chinese References
Louis Berger International Inc,「高雄都會區大眾運輸系統調查、分析、改善及捷運系統可行性研究規劃-可行性報告 & 期末規劃報告書」,民國八十九年.
高雄市政府工務局,「高雄都會區捷運系統發展計劃與市區鐵路改善方案之配合規劃報告」,民國七十三年.
鼎漢&泰興工程,「高雄都會區大眾捷運系統長期路網運輸規劃」,民國八十八.

Website
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