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系統識別號 U0026-2507201615165400
論文名稱(中文) 存在主要以及次要市場之分類不完美下再製造系統最佳訂購量探討
論文名稱(英文) Optimal Acquisition Quantities in a Remanufacturing System with Imperfect Sorting Considering Both Primary and Secondary Markets
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業與資訊管理學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial and Information Management
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 蔡延岱
研究生(英文) Yen-Dai Tsai
學號 r36031165
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 48頁
口試委員 指導教授-張秀雲
口試委員-葉丁鴻
口試委員-陳明德
中文關鍵字 次要市場  再製造  分類  產品回收管理 
英文關鍵字 secondary market  remanufacturing  sorting  product acquisition management 
學科別分類
中文摘要 有鑑於地球暖化以及環境保護逐漸被重視,逆向物流成為現今社會熱門的議題,該怎麼有效地將生命週期結束的產品回收再利用乃是再製造商能取得競爭力的一個關鍵,然而回收產品的品質不穩定性將直接影響再製造的產量以及成本,因此再製造前的檢測是逆向物流中不可或缺的一部份,本研究針對分類站有著檢測誤差的情況下,再製造系統之最佳訂購量進行探討,然而再製造最佳訂購量在大多數文獻中都僅考慮單一市場,而在目前的銷售環境下,行動電話、汽車以及電子產品等產品均有次要市場的需求,故本研究將探討當銷售環境存在主要以及次要市場時,存在分類誤差下的再製造系統單期最佳訂購量。
本研究將推導在需求不確定下的再製造系統最佳訂購量利潤公式,將分別探討有分類誤差以及無分類誤差之情形,接著利用兩者的利潤公式進行探討,找出最佳訂購量關係式,最後將參數帶進關係式進行數值分析,檢視分類誤差與否對再製造系統利潤以及最佳訂購量的影響,並針對各項參數做敏感度分析,發現當主要市場以及次要市場單位售價上升、低品質回收產品比例下降時,再製造系統利潤會上升,而分類誤差則會造成利潤下降。特別的是當分類誤差增加,訂購量會增加,且當高品質回收產品增加時,利潤上升幅度會高於中間品質回收產品增加時之狀況。
英文摘要 Firms are often encouraged to offer environmentally friendly products as a demonstration of corporate citizenship. In this study, we combine two aspects of remanufacturing, namely product acquisition management and secondary markets. Acquisitions by a remanufacturer are typically highly variable in terms of quality.
Since sorting is not perfectly accurate, misclassification errors can affect the optimal decisions in the reverse supply chain. We focus on the optimal collection quantity for the remanufacturer under uncertain demand. We characterise the optimal solution and then analyze some numerical examples to obtain insights into the effects of expected profit and acquisition quantity. It was discovered in this research that the acquisition quantity increases, and the remanufacturer’s profit decreases when misclassification errors increase. The expected profit increases in the sales price in both the primary market and secondary market. Acquisition quantity increases, and total profit decreases when misclassification errors increase.
論文目次 摘要 I
Extended Abstract II
誌謝 VI
目錄 VII
表目錄 IX
圖目錄 X
第一章緒論 1
1.1研究背景及動機 1
1.2 研究範圍限制與目的 3
1.3研究架構與流程 3
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1逆向物流 5
2.2 再製造系統 8
2.2.1迴圈式供應鏈架構 8
2.2.2混合再製造系統 9
2.2.3次要市場 11
2.3 產品回收管理 13
2.3.1 回收產品之品質不確定性 14
2.3.2分類不完美 15
2.4小結 16
第三章 研究方法 18
3.1 問題描述 18
3.2 假設 19
3.3 符號定義 20
3.4 模型建構 21
3.5 小結 27
第四章 模式求解以及分析 28
4.1 模式求解 28
4.2 數值分析 29
4.3 敏感度分析 31
4.3.1探討主要市場以及次要市場單位售價變動 31
4.3.2探討缺貨懲罰成本變動 34
4.3.3探討回收產品比例變動 35
4.3.4探討分類誤差的變動 39
4.4 本研究與其他文獻之比較 40
4.5 小結 41
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 43
5.1 結論 43
5.2 未來研究方向 44
參考文獻 45
參考文獻 中文部分:
林俊江,2006年,逆向物流下單期產品之裁量式延遲策略最適訂購量,國立成功大學工業與資訊管理學系碩士論文。
英文部分:
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美國供應鏈管理專業協會網址http://www.cscmp.org/
逆物流管理協會網址http://www.rlec.org/
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