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論文名稱(中文) 執行SHARIA LAW對於公共空間的安全感之衝擊--以印尼班達亞齊市為例
論文名稱(英文) THE IMPACT OF SHARIA LAW ON THE SENSE OF SAFETY IN PUBLIC SPACES IN BANDA ACEH CITY, ACEH, INDONESIA
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生(中文) 聖星
研究生(英文) Said Mahathir
學號 P26007031
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 105頁
口試委員 口試委員-張聖琳
口試委員-孔憲法
口試委員-謝宏昌
指導教授-張秀慈
中文關鍵字 伊斯蘭教法  安全感受  公共場所  行為 
英文關鍵字 Sharia law  sense of safety  public space  behavior 
學科別分類
中文摘要 為了保存回教文化,印尼亞齊政府於十二年前開始將伊斯蘭教法提升為區域型法律,以嚴厲規範社會。依據此法律,政府不但於公共場所設置各項行為規範告示板、規範服儀及限制公共場所的出入時間,並雇用伊斯蘭教警察巡邏民眾有無違反宗教規範行為。如果犯法的民眾被拘捕,將會移送至伊斯蘭教法院,並面臨罰款、鞭打、甚至坐牢的可能。
至於伊斯蘭教法對社會的影響為何,先前由雅加達宗教文化研究中心(CSRC)的研究調查以及地方媒體報導皆提到伊斯蘭教法可能對於公共場所的使用議題產生正反面影響。本研究特別針對該教法對於使用者在公共場所安全感的影響,提出以下研究課題:(1)伊斯蘭教法與公共場所相關的監控機制有哪些會讓使用者覺得安全或不安全? (2)這些機制是否會影響到使用者的舒適性?(4)該機制是否會改變使用者在公共場所的行為? (4)這些監控機制對於哪一個族群在公共場所的安全感上影響最深?
本研究使用文獻回顧、專家訪談、實地觀察及問卷調查等方法,針對伊斯蘭教法執對於公共空間安全感之影響進行分析。問卷調查結果以T檢定和單因子變異數分析等統計方法,分析伊斯蘭教法對於公共場所行為規範的相關機制對於在不同性別、年齡、婚姻狀態、教育程度等社會族群的影響有無差異。本研究發現:(1)男性相對於女性禁止在入夜後進出公共場所之規定感到不便(2) 未婚者對於服裝規定相對於已婚者較不能接受 (3)大學生相較於其他年齡層對於伊斯蘭教警察巡邏感到不適。整體而言,伊斯蘭教法對於公共場所的相關監控機制的確影響人民在公共場所的行為。
英文摘要 In the past twelve years, Aceh government in Indonesia has taken serious action in regulating the society by injecting Islamic laws into the regional laws. By the way of operating these laws into the city, the local government not only put prohibition billboard around the cities, regulating dress codes and limited time access to the parks, but also hire Sharia polices to patrol cities for religiously undesirable behaviors in the public space. If the offenders get caught, they will be taken to the Islamic court and threaten by paying fine, caning, or even imprisoning.
A previous research by Center for the Study of Religion and Culture(CSRC) and local media have begun raising the questions on the possible impact Sharia law has on the sense of safety in the public space. This research explores, in particular, the impact of Sharia law on the sense of safety among different social groups. The following research questions are identified: (1) what in public spaces make people feel safe and unsafe because of law impact? (2) does Sharia law affect the comfortableness of the people in the public space? (3) does Sharia law related control mechanisms change people’s behavior in the public space? (4) which group of people directly feel Sharia law impact on the sense of safety? Several methods for data collections are employed, including archival research, elite interviews, field observations and questionnaire to reveal both tangible and intangible factors that influence people’s feeling on the sense of safety in relationship to the Sharia law.
The result from survey was analyzed by T-Test and one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) shows how social groups feel differently regarding the Sharia law related-control mechanisms. This research found that (1) male are dislike about the limited time access to the park at night then female;(2) unmarried people feel less comfortable about the dress code than married; (3) college students dislike Sharia police patrol than any other age groups. Overall, the control mechanisms also changed the way people behave in public space to be more acceptable to Muslim society.
論文目次 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii
ABSTRACT v
CONTENTS viii
LISTS OF FIGURES x
LISTS OF TABLES xiii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Culture and Public Space 1
1.2 Research Objective 4
1.3 Research Method 5
1.4 Target Audience 5
1.5 Motivation 5
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW 7
2.1. Sharia Law 7
2.1.1. The Implementation of Sharia Law in Aceh 8
2.1.2. The Impact of Sharia Law in Aceh Province Public Spaces 10
2.2. Public Space 12
2.2.2. Historical Development of Public Space from Global to National (Indonesia) 12
2.2.3. Public Space in Islamic Society 15
2.3. The User Conflict of Public Space 17
2.3.2. Safety and Security 17
2.3.3. Cultural Different 17
2.3.4. Gender Conflict 18
2.3.5. Conflict between User Groups 18
2.4. Special User Needs based on Age Group 19
2.5. Behavior in the Public Space 20
2.5.2. Type of Social Behavior in Public Spaces 20
2.5.3. The Environment Stress Perspective 21
2.6. Sense of Safety and Security 23
2.6.2. Perceived Security and the Causes of Insecurity 24
2.7. Psychological Comfort of Open Space 26
2.8. Policing Public Space 26
2.8.1. Control of Public Space 27
2.9. Research on the Impact of Sharia Law 30
2.10. Countries that implementing Sharia law 32
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH AREA 33
3.1. Aceh Province, Indonesia 33
3.2. Banda Aceh, the Capital City of Aceh Province 33
3.3. Typology of Public Spaces in Banda Aceh 34
CHAPTER FOUR: METHODOLOGY 41
4.1. Research Question 41
4.2. Research Design 41
4.2.1. Sample Size 42
4.2.2. Stratified Random Sampling 43
4.3. Qualitative Research Methodology 44
4.3.1. Observations 44
4.3.2. Elite Interview 45
4.3.3. Archival Data 46
4.4. Quantitative Research Methodology 46
4.4.1. Questionnaire 46
4.4.2. Questionnaire Distribution Procedure 47
4.5. Data Analysis 47
4.5.1. Descriptive Statistic 47
4.5.2. T-test 47
4.5.3. One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) 48
4.5.4. Tukey, Post Hoc Test 48
4.6. Research Flow Chart 48
CHAPTER FIVE: DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS 51
5.1. Characteristic of Respondent 51
5.2. Descriptive Statistic 53
5.2.1. Preference Related to Public Space 53
5.2.2. Attitude and Feeling Related To Sharia Law Policing on Public Spaces 55
5.2.3. The Impact of Control 58
5.2.4. Modify Control Mechanism and Design to Improve Security of Public Space 60
CHAPTER SIX: HYPOTHESIS TESTINGS AND OBSERVATION FINDINGS 65
6.1. Analysis the Impact of Sharia Law on the Sense of Safety toward the Five Control Mechanisms 65
6.1.1. Gender group 65
6.1.2. Age group 67
6.1.3. Marital Status 70
6.1.4. Education Level 72
6.2. Analysis the Impact of Sharia Law on the Sense of Comfort toward The Five Control Mechanisms 73
6.2.1. Gender Group 73
6.2.2. Age Group 75
6.2.3. Marital Status 77
6.2.4. Education Level 79
6.3. Observation Findings 81
CHAPTER SEVEN: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION 87
7.1. Conclusion 87
7.1.1. Sharia Law - Related Control Mechanism Affects the Sense of Safety 87
7.1.2. Sharia Law - Related Control Mechanism Affects the Sense of Comfort 88
7.1.3. Findings on People’s Changing Behavior 88
7.2. Research Limitation 89
7.3. Suggestion for Further Research 90
REFERENCES 91
GLOSSARIES 94
APPENDICES 95
1. Draft Questionnaire 95
2. Field Survey Questionnaire 98
3. Suggestion and comment of the respondents 101
4. Interview script 104
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